John Key on 21 September 2014 was re-elected as the Prime Minister of New Zealand for a third term. This was revealed by the preliminary results released by the Electoral Commission of New Zealand. He has led New Zealand as the Prime Minister since 2008.
In the 2014 General Elections of New Zealand held on 20 September 2014, the centre-right National Party led by John Key won 48 percent of the vote. The Labour Party of New Zealand led by David Cunliffe won 25 percent of the votes whereas the Green Party won 10 percent and New Zealand First (NZF) party won 9 percent of the total votes.
Meanwhile, Internet-Mana Party, a party funded by Internet entrepreneur Kim Dotcom failed to win a parliamentary seat despite Dotcom pouring more than 3 million New Zealand dollars into the campaign.
As a result, the National Party won 61 seats out of 121 parliamentary seats, Labour Party won 32 seats, Green Party and NZF Party won 13 and 11 seats respectively. The small free-market Act Party and centrist United Future and indigenous Maori Party, together won four seats.
The percentage of total votes won by the National Party is an improvement over the 2011 General election results. In the last elections it had won 47 percent of the total votes.
System of Government in New Zealand
• New Zealand is a democratic country in which the Members of Parliament (MP) are chosen in free and fair elections.
• Citizens and permanent residents who are aged 18 years and above are required to enroll to vote. However, voting is not compulsory
• New Zealand has a single chamber of Parliament which consists of the House of Representatives having 120 members and the Governor-General. The House is elected for a maximum three year term using the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) system.
• MMP is a proportional system which means that the proportion of votes a party gets will largely reflect the number of seats it has in parliament. This proportional system was introduced in 1993.
• Under the MMP system of New Zealand, parties must form coalitions to govern the nation for the three-year terms. However, the winner party can pass the legislation that does not have the support of any other parties.
• Coalitions or agreements between political parties are usually needed before Governments can be formed.
• New Zealand's first parliamentary elections were held in 1853.
Who: John Key
When: 21 September 2014