President Pranab Mukherjee visited Norway from 13 to 14 October 2014. He became the first Indian head of state to visit Norway and first president to cross the Arctic Circle. He was invited for a ceremonial reception at the Royal Palace in Oslo and held talks with King Harald V.
During his visit, he held meeting with top Norwegian political leaders and signed 13 agreements to reaffirm India's long-standing friendly ties with Norway.
• MoU to promote cultural co-operation and exchanges between the two nations
• MoU in the field of Earth System Sciences to allow exchange of scientific resources, personnel and technical knowledge
• Three MoU signed by IIT Kanpur with NTNU, University of Oslo and NILU.
• Two MoU signed by IISER, Thiruvananthapuram with SINTEF Materials and Chemistry and Institute of Energy Technology
• Three MoU signed by University of Hyderabad with University of Oslo, NTNU and University of Bergen
• Statement of Intent (SoI) in Defence sector
• MoU to support promotion and extension of cooperation in Scientific Research and Technology Development
• MoU to establish a health research relationship for encouraging research in a range of health-related areas
• MoU between Indira Gandhi National Tribal University and University of Agder
Pranab Mukherjee explained that India’s interests in the Arctic region are scientific, environmental, commercial as well as strategic. He also mentioned that India does not want to be left out in the cold in the ongoing race among the countries to explore and exploit the vast reservoirs of oil and gas present in the Arctic region.
In case of new deep sea shipping routes (Arctic Ocean), he expressed that India can join hands with a member state like Russia for both navigation and exploration of hydrocarbons, even though its present policy is largely geared towards scientific research.
He invited Norway to join the Make in India initiative, so that investors and entrepreneurs can explore possibilities of investment in infrastructure sector of India. He extended an invitation to the King of Norway, Harald V to visit India.