SCO Summit 2019: PM Modi meets leaders of member states
SCO Summit 2019: PM Modi met Chinese President Xi Jinping yesterday, he is all set to meet president of Kazakhstan and hold bilateral meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.
SCO Summit 2019: Prime Minister Narendra Modi was the first leader to arrive at SCO Summit venue on June 14. He was welcomed by Kyrgyzstan President Sooronbay Jeenbekov. PM Modi met with the other leaders of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation at the SCO summit in Bishkek. Prime Minister Narendra Modi met Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian president Vladimir Putin on June 13, 2019. Today, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will meet president of Kazakhstan and hold bilateral meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.
Before this, Prime Minister Narendra Modi reached Kyrgyz capital Bishkek to attend the meeting of Council of Heads of States of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) beginning on June 13, 2019. After Lok Sabha elections 2019 this is Modi's first multi-lateral summit. Presidents and Prime Ministers of 8 member countries will participate in this international forum which will also be attended by 4 head of states as observers.
India will also hold bilateral meetings with Russia and China on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit at Bishkek. Council of Heads meeting is also scheduled for June 13. The CHS is the supreme decision-making body in the SCO. This will be the second CHS meeting after India became member of SCO.
What is SCO?
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China).
Member states of SCO are - the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Republic of India and Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The SCO is a China-led eight-member economic and security bloc.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed during the St.Petersburg SCO Heads of State meeting in June 2002, and entered into force on 19 September 2003. This is the fundamental statutory document which outlines the organisation's goals and principles, as well as its structure and core activities.
SCO Heads of State Council
The Council of Heads of State shall be the supreme SCO body. It shall determine priorities and define major areas of activities of the Organization, decide upon the fundamental issues of its internal arrangement and functioning and its interaction with other States and international organizations, as well as consider the most topical international issues.
Major Objectives of SCO
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) basically works on economic and security issues. Also, strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states; research, technology and culture, as well as in education, economy, energy, promoting their effective cooperation in politics, transport, tourism, environmental protection, and other areas; making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, stability and security in the region; and moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order.
SCO and its importance for India
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will hold bilateral meetings with Russia and China on the sidelines of summit. However, Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan will also joint this summit but there would be no face to face talks between India and Pakistan. It will be the first time when two leaders will come face to face after months of tension between two countries, which began with February 14 Pulwama attack on a CRPF convoy. These diplomatic steps would give more value to Indian democracy. This group is important for India due to presence of Russia and China. Both countries are superpowers in the region and making diplomatic ties with these countries will give more power to India before Pakistan.