Top 5 Current Affairs: 12 March 2018
China's Parliament removed 2-term limit of President, paving the way for President Xi Jinping to rule indefinitely over the country.
International Solar Alliance: ISA-ADB, NDB, GCF, AfDB and AIIB joint declarations of Financial partnership
The International Solar Alliance (ISA)-African Development Bank (AfDb), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), Green climate fund (GCF) and the New Development Bank (NDB) on March 10, 2018 signed Joint financial partnership Declarations.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) signed a Joint partnership Declaration with the ISA to deepen their cooperation in support of Renewable Energy. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) also signed a Joint Partnership Declaration.
The declarations were signed on the sidelines of the maiden International Solar Alliance Summit that was co-hosted by India and France in New Delhi on March 11, 2018.
China makes historic move, allows Xi Jinping to remain president indefinitely
China's Parliament on March 11, 2018 removed 2-term limit of President, paving the way for President Xi Jinping to rule indefinitely over the country.
The decision was taken at the annual session of the National People's Congress (NPC). Out of 2963 delegates, 2958 voted "yes" to change the Constitution, while three abstained and two voted against.
The move renounces the system of systematic succession that was enacted by former Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1982 to prevent the return of the era of lifelong dictatorship that was epitomized by Mao Zedong, who laid the foundation for Communist China.
It is feared that the indefinite rule of Xi Jinping will reinstate one-man rule in the country.
Environment Ministry notifies rules to regulate the use of POPs
The Union Environment Ministry on March 5, 2018 notified new Regulation of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP) Rules, 2018 that ban the manufacture, trade, use, import and export of the seven toxic chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention.
India signed the Stockholm Convention in May 2002 and ratified it in January 2006. The convention mainly aims to eliminate or restrict the production and use of all intentionally produced POPs found in industrial chemicals and pesticides.
The POPs are organic chemical substances, which are toxic to both humans and wildlife.
Researchers find link between childhood trauma, schizophrenia
Researchers have found a link between childhood trauma and schizophrenia that could open new paths of treatment for people diagnosed with the disorder.
The researchers from Orygen, the National Centre of Excellence for Youth Mental Health; the University of Melbourne; Port Phillip Prison and University Hospital of Gran Canaria Dr. Negrin, Spain, have found that childhood sexual, physical and emotional abuse is associated with severe hallucinations in schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.
According to the study’s lead author Dr. Sarah Bendall, the study’s major finding was that the hallucinations in psychotic disorders were associated with all types of childhood trauma. "This means there's something about childhood trauma that leads some people to develop hallucinations," she explained.
WHO launches 'Tobacco Product Regulation: Building Laboratory Testing Capacity'
The World Health Organisations (WHO) in March 2018 launched 'Tobacco Product Regulation: Building Laboratory Testing Capacity', new regulation on tobacco products pressing the need for clear, practical advice on building laboratory testing capacity.
The Tobacco Product Regulation was launched during the 2018 World Conference on Tobacco or Health in Cape Town.
It is a useful resource for countries and provides regulators and policymakers with clear information on how to test tobacco products, what products to be tested and how to use testing data in a meaningful way.