The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 30 November 2017 approved the setting up of National Nutrition Mission (NNM) with a three year budget of Rs.9046.17 crore starting from 2017-18.
The mission will be rolled out in three phases from 2017-18 to 2019-20. It mainly aims to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia among young children, women and adolescent girls and reduce low birth weight.
To ensure the same, it will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition-related interventions across Ministries.
Its other duties include:
• Mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition
• Introducing a very robust convergence mechanism
• ICT based Real Time Monitoring system
• Incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets
• Incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT-based tools
• Eliminating registers used by AWWs
• Introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs)
• Conducting Social Audits.
• Setting up of Nutrition Resource Centres involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on nutrition through various activities.
The programme through its targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies.
It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action and encourage the states/ UTs to perform, guide and supervise the line of Ministries in order to achieve the targeted goals.
More than 10 crore people will be benefitted from this programme.
It will cover all the states and districts in a phased manner such as 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20.
• The budget of the program has been set at Rs 9046.17 crore for a period of three years.
• This will be partly funded by Government Budgetary Support (50%) and the remaining 50 per cent by IBRD or other MDB.
• The ratio of the government budgetary support would be 60:40 between Centre and States/UTs in regular cases, 90: 10 in case of North-eastern and Himalayan states and 100 per cent for UTs that do not have a legislature.
• The total share of the government of India over a period of three years would be around Rs. 2849.54 crores.
• There are a number of schemes directly/indirectly affecting the nutritional status of children (0-6 years) and pregnant women and lactating mothers.
• Despite it, the level of malnutrition and related problems is high in the country.
• Though there are plenty of schemes, there is a lack of synergy between them. There is a need to link the schemes with each other in order to achieve the common goal.
• The NNM through robust convergence mechanism and other components would strive to create the synergy.