United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on 20 July 2015 unanimously adopted a resolution 2231 (2015) that establishes a monitoring system for Iran’s nuclear programme.
This adoption of the resolution will clear path for removal of all nuclear-related sanctions against Iran. It also guarantees that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will continue to verify Iran’s compliance with its nuclear-related commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
The resolution 2231 (2015) was supported by representatives of all 15 countries on the Security Council. The Council’s adoption of the current resolution triggers the JCPOA coming into effect in 90 days.
The passing of resolution marks UN endorsement of the JCPOA, which is described as the culmination of diplomatic efforts by the so-called E3+3 – China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States – and Iran, to reach a comprehensive, long-term and proper solution to the Iranian nuclear issue.
The agreement with Iran was reached on 14 July 2015 in Vienna, Austria. In the agreement, Iran reaffirmed that it will under no circumstances ever seek, develop or acquire any nuclear weapons.
By the resolution, the Security Council also decided that on the date ten years after the JCPOA Adoption Day, as defined in the agreement, all the provisions of this resolution shall be terminated, and none of the previous resolutions shall be applied.
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When: 20 July 2015