The United States and Cuba agreed on 17 December 2014 to restore diplomatic ties between the two countries. The US President Barack Obama and Cuba President Raul Castro announced the restoration of full diplomatic relations between the two countries.
The US President Obama called for an end to the long economic restriction against its old Cold War enemy Cuba. He also announced the opening of an embassy in Havana for the first time in more than a half-century by ending the hostility between two countries.
Obama announced that a rigid and outdated policy of isolating Cuba had failed to achieve change in Cuba. The Vatican and Canada facilitated the deal where Pope Francis played an active role in pressing for American Alan Gross release from Cuba.
Cuba and the United States have been ideological enmity since the 1959 revolution in Cuba which brought Fidel Castro, to power who was old brother of Raul Castro.
The US broke diplomatic relations with Cuba in 1961 as Cuba steered a leftist course that made Cuba into a close ally of the former Soviet Union. The hostilities were disturbed by crises over spies, refugees and the Cuban missile crisis of October 1962 that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.
After the disintegration of Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War in early 1990s, the US was alone in its efforts to squeeze Cuba.
Since 2008, Raul Castro who took over the President from Fidel Castro has maintained a one party political system.
Who: US and Cuba
When: 17 December 2014