Vijay Diwas 2021: History, Significance; Know what happened on December 16 in India?

Vijay Diwas in India: Vijay Diwas on December 16, 2021, marks the 50th-anniversary celebrations of India’s glorified victory over Pakistan in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation war. India on Vijay Diwas 2021 pays homage to the soldiers who fought bravely during the war which ultimately helped the Indian Armed Forces in establishing their prowess. 

Vijay Diwas 16 December 2021
Vijay Diwas 16 December 2021

16 December Vijay Diwas: Vijay Diwas in India is celebrated annually on December 16 to commemorate the country’s victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war leading to the creation of Bangladesh. India on Vijay Diwas 2021 pays homage to the soldiers who fought bravely during the war which ultimately helped the Indian Armed Forces in establishing their prowess. Vijay Diwas on December 16, 2021, marks the 50th-anniversary celebrations of India’s glorified victory over Pakistan in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation war. Vijay Diwas in India is not only a day of India’s victory over Pakistan during the 1971 Indo-Pak war but is also a day that played a crucial role in establishing strong relations between India and Bangladesh.

To commemorate the 50th anniversary of Vijay Diwas 2021, Prime Minister Modi via tweet recalled the sacrifice made during the Indo-Pak 1971 war. He also added that both India and Bangladesh forces, together, fought and defeated the oppressive forces.

On December 16, 1971, India won a war against Pakistan after fighting for 13 days. The struggle for the Independence of East Pakistan began on December 3, 1971, which ended on December 16 with the unconditional surrender of the Pakistani Army. 

India played a crucial role in Bangladesh Liberation War. The 1971 Indo-Pakistani war was a military confrontation that took place between the two nations during a Bangladesh Liberation war in East Pakistan from December 3 to December 16, 2021. 

The then Major-General in the Pakistani Army, Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi announced to surrender to the joint forces of India and Bangladesh Mukti Bahini. He surrendered with the 93,000 Pakistani troops and also signed the Instrument of Surrender in Dacca (now Dhaka, the Capital of Bangladesh). 

Bangladesh Liberation War: What was the reason behind the war and what was India's role?

Bangladesh liberation in 1971 was an armed conflict that was sparked by the rise of Bengali Nationalists in then East Pakistan. The Liberation war in Bangladesh started when the Pakistani military based in West Pakistan launched Operation Searchlight in March 1971 to pursue the systematic elimination of nationalist Bengali civilians in East Pakistan. 

India joined the 1971 war after Pakistan launched airstrikes in North India. However, with the rapid alliance of allied forces of the Indian Military and Bangladesh's Mukti Bahini, the Pakistani Army was forced to surrender on December 16, 1971, leading to the creation of Bangladesh. 

Vijay Diwas 2021: 5 things to know about Indo-Pak war

1. The conflict that sparked the Bangladesh Liberation War in East Pakistan was because of West Pakistan's ill-treatment of Bengali nationalists residing in East Pakistan.  

2. The war between India and Pakistan in 1971 started because of the preemptive airstrike by Pakistan on North India. 

3. On the night of December 4-5, 1971, the Western Naval Command of the Indian Navy successfully conducted a surprise attack on the Karachi port under the codename Trident. 

4. The Mukti Bahini guerrillas in East Pakistan fighting for the Bangladesh Liberation war joined hand with the Indian Armed Forces to fight against the Pakistani troops in the east. Mukti Bahini also received weapons and training from the Indian Army. 

5. The Soviet Union in the 1971 war sided with East Pakistanis and India in their Liberation movement. While, the United States, under the Presidency of Richard Nixon supported Pakistan during the 1971 Indo-Pak war materially and economically. 

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