Akbar the Great (1556-1605)
Akbar is often regarded as the true founder of the Mughal Empire. When Humayun died suddenly, Akbar was only 13 years old. His territories included only Delhi and Punjab only. The Afghans were still powerful in Bihar, Ganga Valley and Bengal. Rajasthan was ruled by Rajputs. His brother Hakim ruled Kabul.
When Humayun died, Akbar was engaed in battle with Sikandar Shah at Sirhind. His coronation as sultan of Delhi took place in the year 1556 in Kalanaur, Punjab by Bairam Khan. Bairam Khan served as Akbar’s protector and co-regent (along with Maham Anga) at that time.
Bairam Khan belonged to Badakshan and his family served Mughal dynasty since the time of his grandfather. Bairam Khan, one of the most powerful noble in Mughal courts played a major role in establishing Mughal Empire.
Bairam Khan was the father of Abdul Rahim Khan-i-khana who was one of the 9 jewels in Akbar’s court.
Maham Anaga was the foster mother of Akbar. Her own son was Adham Khan. He was a proud and ambitious man. He killed Shams-ud-Din Muhammad Ataga Khan, one of the favourite generals of Akbar.
Akbar ordered that Adham Khan should be thrown from the roof of the Palace. Adham Khan died and the news of his death made his mother full of grief and she died within 40 days. Maham Anaga was very influential during the early years of Akbar’s reign.
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