Architecture in Chola Empire
The architecture in Chola Empire flourished and reached its culmination post 850 AD. The most sophisticated buildings in the form of temples were built during this era.
The main features of the Chola architecture are as following:-
• The Siva Temple of Thanjore, the largest and tallest of all Indian temples was built during Chola period.
• The Chola Temples had the dvarapalas or guardian figures at the entrance to the mandapa (hall).
• The temples had fully developed Dravidian Style.
• Ganas were the most memorable figures made in the temples.
Some of the famous temples built during Vijayalaya Cholisvara Temple are as following:
The Vijayalaya Cholisvara temple at Narthamalai was built during Vijayalaya Chola’s reign was dedicated to lord Shiva.
Koranganatha Temple, Srinivasanallur was built by Parantaka Chola-I on the banks of river Cauvery. It is located at Srinivasanallur. The mythical animal Yazhi, unique and recurring feature of Chola architecture has been sculpted at the base of the temple. Briahadeeswarar Temple or Peruvudaiyar Kovil or Rajrajeshwaram temple is built completely from granite. Built by Rajaraja Chola-I, it is world’s first complete granite temple as well as a part of UNESCO’s world heritage sites. It is located at Thanjavur.
Brihadisvara temple, Gangaikondacholapuram was built by Rajaraja’s son Rajendra I. Gangaikondacholapuram was erected as the new capital for Cholas to commemorate the victories of Rajendra I over the Chalukyas, Gangas, Palas and Kalinga.