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Averages: Concept, Formulae & Shortcuts

Learn shortcut methods of calculating Average which is the most basic concept of Arithmetic in Quantitative Aptitude section. In competitive exams, you are likely to find tricky questions based on this topic as the concept of averages is quite easy and known to all. Here, you will get to know the shortcuts and formulae to solve these questions quickly and with accuracy.
Nov 29, 2017 12:46 IST
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‘Average’ is the most basic concept of Arithmetic in Quantitative Aptitude section. In competitive exams you are likely to find tricky questions based on this topic as the concept of averages is quite easy and known to all.

The term ‘Average’ refers to the sum of all observations divided by the total number of observations. Average is used quite regular in our day to day life. For example to calculate the average marks of the students, average height of a particular group, etc. The term average is also referred to as ‘Mean’. Basic formula to calculate the average is as follows:

Average Formula

Example:         What is the average of first 10 Prime numbers?

Solution:          First 10 Prime numbers are 2,3,5,7,11,13,17, 19, 23 and 29.

                       Average Example

                       So, Average of First 10 Prime numbers is 12.90.

 

Tricks to solve problems based on average speed

AVERAGE SPEED

If a person travels a distance at a speed of x km/hr and the same distance at a speed of y km/hr then the average speed during the whole journey is given by -

 Average Speed

If a person covers A km at x km/hr and B km at y km/hr and C km at z km/hr, then the average speed in covering the whole distance is -

Average Speed

Tricks to solve problems based on ages

When a person leaves the group and another person joins the group in place of that person then:

  • If the average age is increased, then

Age of new person = Age of separated person + (Increase in average × total number of persons)

  • If the average age is decreased, then

Age of new person = Age of separated person - (Decrease in average × total number of persons)

 

Tricks to solve problems based on calculating members in the group

Similarly, when a person joins the group, then:

  • In case of increase in average

Age of new member = Previous average + (Increase in average × Number of members including new member)

  • In case of decrease in average

Age of new member = Previous average - (Decrease in average × Number of members including new member)

Learn the concept and formulas for Ratio & Proportion

WEIGHTED AVERAGE

Weighted average is calculated with the following formula:

Weighted Average

Where, w is the number of occurrences of quantity x.

 

BASIC FORMULAS

Below are some basic formulas to remember for solving problems based on the concept of averages:

Average Formulas

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