Bihar, situated in the NE part of India, is completely a land – locked place. In the east of Bihar lies West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh lie in the west. Bihar is situated in the Indo – Gangetic plain and has a logically lush soil. Bihar is chiefly a gigantic elongation of very productive even land.
Bihar plain is alienated into 2 uneven halves by the Ganga River which flows through the center from the west to the east. The middle parts of Bihar have smaller hills. Bihar has reported it’s forest cover of 6,764.14 kilometer squares which is 7.1 % of its geographical area.
Bihar is one of the most flood prone State of India and has 76 per cent of its population in the north. The state is cold in winter seasons having the lowest temperatures of 0-10 degrees C.