India is located on the tropical region where sunlight is available for hours per day with great intensity. Likewise, non-renewable sources of energy like petroleum, coal can damage our environment but solar energy has great potential as future energy source and it is not harmful for the environment. Therefore, the Government of India has launched National Solar Mission which is also called Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission. It is a major initiative of the Government of India and State Governments to promote ecologically sustainable growth while addressing India's energy security challenge. It will also constitute a major contribution by India to the global effort to meet the challenges of climate change.
The prime objective of the mission is to drive India towards a global leadership role in solar manufacturing (across the value chain) of leading edge solar technologies and target at 4-5 GW equivalent of installed capacity by 2020, including setting up of dedicated manufacturing capacities for poly silicon material to annually make about 2 GW capacity of solar cells.
Targets of the National Solar Mission
The targets of the mission are given below:
1. To formulate enabling policy framework that can help in the deployment of 20,000 MW of solar power by 2022.
2. To ramp up capacity of grid-connected solar power generation to 1000 MW within three years by 2013; an additional 3000 MW by 2017 through the mandatory use of the renewable purchase obligation by utilities backed with a preferential tariff. This capacity can be more than doubled reaching 10,000MW installed power by 2017 or more, based on the enhanced and enabled international finance and technology transfer. The ambitious target for 2022 of 20,000 MW or more, will be dependent on the learning of the first two phases, which if successful, could lead to conditions of grid-competitive solar power. The transition could be appropriately up scaled, based on availability of international finance and technology.
3. To create favourable conditions for solar manufacturing capability, particularly solar thermal for indigenous production and market leadership.
4. To promote programmes for off grid applications, reaching 1000 MW by 2017 and 2000 MW by 2022.
5. To achieve 15 million sq. meters solar thermal collector area by 2017 and 20 million by 2022.
6. To deploy 20 million solar lighting systems for rural areas by 2022.
It is one of the eight missions of the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).This mission has great potential and it will make India one of the largest Green Energy producers in the world.