The inventor of ball pen was Ladislao José Bíro, a Hungaria born in 1899 into a Jewish family. He invented the ball pen in 1931 to get rid of fountain pen's blotting and smudging.
Who was Ladislao José Bíro?
Bíró was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1899 into a Jewish family. He was a part time journalist, painter and inventor of ball pen. He was frustrated with fountain pen's blotting and smudging.
(Inventor of ball pen was Ladislao José Bíro)
What was invented by the Ladislao José Bíro?
He invented the ball pen known as "biro". He presented the first production of the ballpoint pen at the Budapest International Fair in 1931 and get patented the invention in Paris in 1938.
(Invented the ball pen known as "Biro)
Why the idea of creating the biro hit his mind?
It was too irritating to “José Bíro” when the ink of fountain pen takes a lot time to get dry and blotting and smudging was also another frustrating factor.
(Smudging by fountain pen)
One day when Jose was working as a journalist in Hungary, found that the ink used in newspaper printing dried soon, leaving the paper dry and smudge-free. He tried using the same ink in a fountain pen but found that it did not flow into the tip, as it was too thick.
(A fountain Pen)
How was the “Biro” created?
Biro's first idea for the ballpoint pen was to use the quick-drying newspaper ink in a fountain pen. This however didn't work as the ink was too thick and slow-moving to reach the tip of the nib.
Biro enlisted the help of his brother György Bíró who was a chemist to create ink that was just the right viscosity. The pair gave their name to the invention when they patented it the "Biro" on July 15 1938.
How the ball pen works?
The nib in a ballpoint pen is normally made of a metal such as brass, steel or tungsten carbide. When it comes into contact with a piece of paper, or other writing material, the ball rotates and picks up a thin film of ink from the cartridge, which is a pressurized tube.
Currently, the ballpoint pen is still referred to as the “Biro” in several countries including the UK, Ireland, Australia and Italy.