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Europe: Facts at a Glance

27-JAN-2016 17:30

    Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. To the east and southeast, Europe is generally considered as separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. The term "Europe" comes from Greek mythology. The continent was actually named after Europa, a Phoenician princess that Zeus abducted after he assumed the form of an impressive white bull.


    Instant Fact

    Largest Agglomeration            

    Moscow, Russia

    Major Island                          

    Gr. Britain (UK) [Greenland] belongs to Denmark situated in North America] Country with the Most Islands Greece, 1400 of which 227 are inhabited.

    Major Rivers           

    Volga, Danube ,Rhine, Thames,  Ural and Don

    Major Lakes

    Caspian Sea, and Ladozhskoye Ozero, Ladoga lake, north-western Russia, near Saint Petersburg, the largest lake in Europe. It is 201 km long (Western Europe: Lac Leman or Lac de Geneva)

    Country with Most Number of Lakes

    Finland, 55,000 that are 200 or more metres wide

    Largest Desert

    Pustynia Bledowska in Upper Silesia (Poland)

    Major Mountain Ranges

    Alps, Pyrenees, Carpathians. Balkans, Apennines, Sierra, Nevada, Urals, Caucasus.

    Most Volcanic Country


    Smallest state

    Vatican City

    Largest Urban Areas

    Moscow (Russia), Istanbul (Turkey), London (United Kingdom), Paris (France), Milan (Italy), Madrid (Spain), St Petersburg (Russia), Frankfurt (Germany), Barcelona (Spain), Berlin (Germany), Naples (Italy), Hamburg (Germany), Rome (Italy), Athens (Greece)

    Largest Cities

    Istanbul, Moscow, Russia, London, United Kingdom, St Petersburg (Russia),Atens, Berlin (Germany), Madrid (Spain),Kiev(Ukraine),Rome(Italy),Paris(France), Hamburg(Germany)

    Greatest Ports

    London, Rotterdam, Antwerp, Le
    Havre, Hamburg, Genoa, and Marseille

    Largest Ironwork and Glass Structure

    The Grand Palais in Paris. Steel framework: 8.500tonnes, compared with 8.000 tonnes for the Eiffel Tower. Glass
    area: galvanized iron roofing

    First Railway in Continental Europe

    Belgium Railway line (Brussels Mechelen) in 1835.

    First Electric Railway

    Werner von Siemens 600 yard
    long Berlin electric track opened for the Berlin Trades Exhibition on 31 May, 1879.

    First Metro

    The London Underground. Service began on 10 January 1863.

    Oldest metro-funicular

    Construction of the Tunnel, a short funicular between Pera and Galata in Istanbul, began on"30 July 1871. The funicular opened to service on 5 December 1874.

    Largest Subway System

    The Moscow subway serves 3.2 bn. riders a year.

    Longest Metro Line

    Serpukhovsko- Timiryazevskaya
    Line (line 9), Moscow, Russia)

    Longest Railway Line

    Trans-Siberian Express, from
    Moscow through the Ural Mountains and across all of Asia to Vladivostok on the Sea of Japan. It covers a distance of 9288 km. The journey from Moscow to Vladivostok takes about 8 days 4 hand 25 minutes: There are 97 stops on the rail route. It crosses seven time zones.

    Biggest Diamond Exporter

    Antwerp (Belgium)

    Major Wine and Champagne Producer


    Origin of Scotch Whisky


    Highest Point

    Russian Caucasus - Mt Elbrus
    Western Europe: Mont Blanc in France

    Lowest Point

    Caspian Sea 28 m (Western Europe: Lemmefjord, Denmark and Alexander Polder,

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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