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Is inflation always bad for the economy

31-JAN-2018 02:08
    How inflation affects Economy

    Definition of Inflation:
    A simple definition of the inflation is the 'constant rise in the price of goods and services'. Inflation is a market situation which occurs due to gap between demand and supply of the goods. During higher inflation; value of money decreases that is why too much money chases to few goods during inflation.
    General impacts of Inflation on economy:

    After the study of data of different years, it has been observed that the moderate rate of inflation motivates the investors or producers for more production in the economy because they got more return as compare to their cost. This scenario generates employment and purchasing power in the economy hence a holistic development of the economy take place.

    But if the entrepreneurs do not re-invest this benefit and spend on luxurious life or not invested in the productive activities then the economy will not be benefitted; because in the absence of new investment new jobs will not be created which will further reduce the purchasing power of the consumers.

    Negative Impacts of the inflation

    As we know that due to hyper inflation the actual income of the people decreases which reduces their savings and the investment which further reduces export and its result makes the Balance of Payment adverse. Thus the entire economy is negatively affected by the hyper inflation.

    INFLATION

    How does inflation affect the weaker sections of the society?

    A class of society receives fixed income, these are; daily wage earners, pensioners, salaried etc. Inflation reduces the purchasing power of these peoples which further reduces the total demand in the economy.

    Impact of Inflation on different peoples:

     S.N.

         Affected Class or Sector

          Impact

     1.

     Consumer

     Loss

     2.

     Borrower

     Gain

     3.

     Lender  

     Loss

     4.

     Public saving  

     Reduction

     5.

     Public expenditure  

     Increase

     6.

     Export

     Reduction

     7.

     Taxation  

     Increase

     8.

     Producer

     Gain

     9.

     Farmers

     Gain

     10.

     Entrepreneur

     Gain

     11.

     Fixed income group

     Loss

     12.

     Pensioners

     Loss

    Based on the information given above, you must have come to know that what is the meaning of inflation and how does it affect different sections of the economy.
    But you may not be able to decide whether inflation is beneficial for the economy or not? If I talk in the reference of the Indian economy; it is observed that if the rate of inflation is between 3 to 5%; it is beneficial for the economy and if it is beyond this range it adversely affects the manufacturing sector in the country which further squeezes the job opportunities and other opportunities.

    Why size of the coins is decreasing in India

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