Kingdoms of Kashmir after Utpalas
Kashmir has a distinct history of the other states of India. Art work, unique temples and monuments were the main attractions. The Kashmir region also grew economically despite of harsh weather conditions.
Rulers of the kingdom of Kashmir
1. After Utpala’s, Lohara dynasty ruled Kashmir. Queen Didda was the queen whose name is written in golden words in the history of Kashmir. After her two other queens ruled over Kashmir Yashovati and Sugandha.
2. Many temples and monasteries were built. Buddhism and Hinduism were followed.
3. After queen Didda’s death in 1033 AD, King Sangramraj took over the crown who was the son of Didda’s brother.
4. Fort of Lohara, known for its height and strength always protected the state from Muslim invasion.
5. Another brave king in the history of Kashmir was King Harsha. He was well versed in foreign languages, a good poet, patriot for music and was known for his bravery. He was also famous for the Luxury. New fashions, ornaments, dresses became part of Kashmiri people. This became the reason of decline. Later on King Harsha was killed due to conflict with his elder brother.
6. Jaisimha (1128-55 AD) took over the charge after King Harsha. He had a tough time in establishing peace in the region because of the civil war going on. He ruled for about 27 years. He repaired temples and other monuments. The people enjoyed in his tenure.
7. After that (1155 – 1339 AD), the Kingdom of Kashmir was in weak hands. Mongols finally invaded the valley in 14th century AD. The size of the valley got shrunk.
8. Civil wars and unity problems broke the back bone of Hindus
As a result, the boundaries of the Kingdom got shrunk, and were reduced. The Kabul valley Proutonsa (Poonch), Pajapuri (Rajauri) Kangra, Jammu, Kisthwar and Ladhak, tried to occupy Kashmir. The Hindu rule in Kashmir came to an end.
1. Shah Mir from Swat (Tribal) territory conquered Kashmir afterwards and ruled the valley.
2. Chak rule came in Kashmir. Udyan Dev was the last ruler of Hindus. He was chief of Kota Rani who actually governed the state. After a struggle, the Rani finally lost the kingdom.
3. In the 14th century AD, Kashmir valley grew in religion, medicine, astronomy, engineering, sculpture, music, paintings, dancing etc. Kashmiris prospered in this period.
4. Another development was that Kashmir became hub of Sanskrit scholars.
Kingdom of Kashmir had grown more than other states in all the areas. Hinduism and Buddhism both developed in Kashmir during this Hindu time. The valley became the hub of Scholars who wrote several mahakavyas. The famous tales of Panchtantra were written in the 14th century. The Sanskrit language reached to a greater height. The people became highly qualified. This is the golden era in the Kashmir valley.