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List of all Presidents of India

07-SEP-2016 15:34

    Article 52 of the Indian constitution says that there shall be a president of India. The President of India is the head of state and first citizen of India. The President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces.  There have been 13 presidents of India since the introduction of the post in 1950. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first president of India.

    Constitutional Provision:

    Article 52 of the Indian constitution says that there shall be a president of India. The executive power of the union vested in the president.

    Position: He is the constitutional head of the parliamentary system of the government. He represents the nation but does not rule it. The real power vests with the council of ministers.

    Election:  President is elected by the electoral college of (i) elected members of both house of the parliament (ii) elected members of state legislatures (iii) elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Delhi and Puducherry (added by 70th amendment Act, 1992).

    Indian Polity & Governance: A Complete Study Material

    Tenure: Elected for five years but eligible for immediate re- election and can serve any number of terms.

    Removal: Article 61 says that president can be removed from the post for violation of the constitution before the expiry of his term by the impeachment. This impeachment can be moved in either house of parliament.

    Here is the list of all the 13 Presidents of India

    S.N.

    Name

    Tenure

    Remark

    1.

    Dr. Rajendra Prasad

    26 January 1950 to 12 May 1962

    First president, longest tenure (12 years)

    2.

    S. Radhakrishnan

    13 May 1962 to13 May 1967

    He was the first President from South India.Teachers day is celebrated on 5 Sept. to honour his birthday.

    3.

    Dr. Zakir Hussain

    13 May 1967 to 3 May 1969

    President with shortest tenure, first Muslim president to die in harness

    4.

    Varahagiri Venkata Giri

    3 May 1969 to 20 July 1969

    First acting president of India

     

    Mohammad Hidayatullah

    20 July 1969 to 24 August 1969

    Served as the Chief Justice of India, and was a recipient of the Order of the British Empire.

     

    Varahagiri Venkata Giri

    24 August 1969  to 24 August 1974

    Giri is the only person to have served as both an acting president and president of India.

    5.

    Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed

    24 August 1974    to 11 February 1977

    second Indian president to die in office.

     

    Basappa Danappa Jatti

    11 February 1977 to 25 July 1977

    Served as acting President of India upon Ahmed's death

    6.

    Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

    25 July 1977 to 25 July 1982

     Youngest to become president @ 64 yr, first president who did not become vice -president

    7.

    Giani Zail Singh

    25 July 1982 to 25 July 1987

    First Sikh President

    8.

    Ramaswamy Venkataraman

     

    25 July to 1987    25 July 1992

    Oldest to become president @ 76 yr

    9.

    Shankar Dayal Sharma

    25 July 1992 to 25 July 1997

    Sharma was Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh

    10.

    Kocheril Raman Narayanan

    25 July 1997 to 25 July 2002

    He was the first President from Kerala, and also the first Dalit President.

    11.

    A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

    25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007

    He was the first bachelor/Scientist president of India, and the first Muslim President who completed his term.

    12.

    Pratibha Patil

    25 July 2007 to25 July 2012

    first woman to become the President of India.

    13.

    Pranab Mukherjee

     From 5 July 2012,            Incumbent

    Served as the Foreign Minister, Defence Minister and Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission.

    Indian Polity Quiz

    List of Vice-Presidents in India and their Term of Office

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