Chalukya Dynasty| List of Chalukya Rulers and their contributions

The Chalukya Dynasty was one of the powerful dynasties of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century AD. The rule of this dynasty is marked an important milestone in the history of South India and a golden age in the history of Karnataka. Here, we are giving the list of Chalukya Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
Created On: Dec 8, 2017 12:36 IST
Modified On: Dec 8, 2017 12:35 IST

The Chalukya Dynasty was one of the powerful dynasties of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century AD. The rule of this dynasty is marked an important milestone in the history of South India and a golden age in the history of Karnataka. Here, we are giving the list of Chalukya Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.  

Chalukya Dynasty

List of Chalukya Rulers and their contributions

Chalukya of Badami

Name of Rulers

Reign (AD)

Contribution (s)

Pulakeshin I

543–566

1. Founder of the dynasty

2. Built major Hindu temples in the Aihole, Badami and Pattadakal region.

3. Referred to as Satyashraya, Vallabha and Dharmamaharaja in inscriptions.

Kirtivarman I

566–597

1. He consolidated the newly founded Chalukya Kingdom through the subjugation of the Kadambas,the Nalas of Nalavadi, the Alupas of South Kanara and the Maurya chiefs of Konkan.

Mangalesha

597–609

1. Ruled as regent as the heir to the throne.

2. Assumed the titles of Ururanaparakrama, Ranavikrama and Paramabhagavata, and excavated the Vaishnava temple at Badami.

Pulakeshin II

609–642

1. He was the first ruler in South India to issue gold coinage.

2. Hist childhood name was Ereya and ascended the Chalukya throne as Pulakeshin II.

3. Assumed the title Chalukya Parameshwara.

Vikramaditya I

655–680

1. He restored order in the fractured kingdom and made Vatapi as capital

Vinayaditya

680–696

1. His reign was marked by general peace and harmony.

2. He assumed the titles Yuddhamalla, Sahasarasika, Satyashraya.

Vijayaditya

696–733

1. His reign was marked by general peace and harmony.

2. He built a number of temples.

Vikramaditya II

733–746

1. Famous Virupaksha Temple (Lokeshwara temple) and Mallikarjuna Temple was built during his reign.

Kirtivarman II

746–753

1. Also known as Rahappa

2. He was the last king of the Badami dynasty.

Chalukya of Vengi  (Eastern Chalukya)

Name of Rulers

Reign (AD)

Contribution

Kubja Vishnuvardhana

624–641

1. He was the brother of Chalukya Pulakeshin II.

2. He was appointed as Viceroy by Pulakeshin II but Vengi Viceroyalty developed into an independent kingdom.

3. He assumed the title of Vishamasiddhi (conqueror of difficulties).

Jayasimha I

641–673

1. He succeeded Kubja Vishnuvardhana as the king of Eastern Chalukyas with a long reign of 32 years.

Indra Bhattaraka

673

1. He succeeded his brother Jayasimha I as the king

Vishnu Vardhana II

673–682

1. He rule for very short period and his son Mangi Yuvaraja succeeded him.

Mangi Yuvaraja

682–706

1. He ruled for very short durations and followed a period of unrest.

Jayasimha II

706–718

1. He ruled for very short durations.

Kokkili

719

1. He ruled for very short durations.

Vishnuvardhana III

719–755

1. He ruled for very short period.

Vijayaditya I

755–772

1. He was succeeded his father Gandaraditya I to the throne.

2. The Satara plates of his son claim that Vijayaditya I reinstated the fallen lords of Sthanaka and Goa. 

Vishnuvardhana IV

772–808

No information

Vijayaditya II

808–847

No information

Kali Vishnuvardhana V

847–849

No information

Vijayaditya III

849–892

No information

Chalukya Bhima I

892–921

No information

Vijayaditya IV

921

No information

Amma I

921–927

No information

Beta Vijayaditya V

927

No information

Tala I

927

No information

Vikramaditya II

927–928

No information

Bhima II

928

No information

Yuddhamalla II

928–935

No information

Chalukya Bhima II

935–947

No information

Amma II

947–970

No information

Tala I

970

No information

Danarnava

970–973

No information

Jata Choda Bhima

973–999

No information

Shaktivarman I

1000–1011

No information

Vimaladitya

1011–1018

No information

Rajaraja Narendra

1019–1061

1. His reign was famous for the Social and Cultural heritage.

2. During his reign, the two literary works were done in Kannada language, viz., Vikramarjuna Vijayam and Gadayuddam which popularized the story of Sanskrit Mahabharata in Karnataka.

3. Tamil translations of Mahabharata were done during his reign.

Vijayaditya VII

-

He was the last king of this dynasty.

Chalukya of Kalyani (Western Chalukya)

Name of Rulers

Reign

Contribution

Tailapa II

957–997

1. He assumed the titles Trailokyamalla, Nurmadi Taliapa and Satyashraya Kulatilaka.

Satyashraya

997–1008

1. Reffered to as Sattiga or Irivabedanga and assumed the titles as Akalavarsha, Akalankacharita and Sahasabhima.

2. He patronised the great Kannada poet Ranna (one among the "three gems" or ratnatraya of classical Kannada literature) who compared his patron favourably to the Pandava prince Bhima (of the epic Mahabharatha) for his strength and valor in his epic poem Sahasabhimavijaya.

Vikramaditya V

1008–1015

1. He was nephew of Satyashraya and had a very uneventful short reign.

Jayasimha II

1015–1042

1. Also known as Jagadekhamalla II and Mallikamoda.

Someshvara I

1042–1068

1. Also known as "Ahavamalla" or "Trilokamalla.

2. He patronized the Kannada language scholar Shridharacharya who wrote Jatakatilaka (1049 AD), the earliest available work on astrology in the language.

Someshvara II

1068–1076

1. His reign was full of civil war and conflict.

Vikramaditya VI

1076–1126

1. His reign is marked with the abolishment of the Saka era and the start of the Chalukya-Vikrama era.

2. He assumes the  title Permadideva and Tribhuvanamalla (lit "lord of three worlds").

3. Vijnaneshwara the noted jurist in his court wrote Mitakshara, a commentary on Yagnavalkya Smriti (on Hindu family law).

4. He built the Mallikarjuna temple,the Mahadeva temple, the Kaitabheshvara temple and the Kalleshvara temple.

Someshvara III

1126–1138

1. He was a noted historian, scholar and poet.

2. He authored the Sanskrit encyclopaedic text Manasollasa touching upon such topics as polity, governance, astronomy, astrology, rhetoric, medicine, food, architecture, painting, poetry and music.

3. He assumes the titles as Sarvadnya-bhupa (lit, "the king who knows everything") and Bhulokamala ("the king who is lord of all living beings") due to his scholarly persuit.

Jagadhekamalla II

1138–1151

1. His rule saw the slow decline of the Chalukya empire with the loss of Vengi.

2. He patronised Kannada grammarian Nagavarma II, who wrote Kavyavalokana, Karnataka Bhashabhushana and Jagadhekamalla II who wrote Sanskrit Sangithachudamani on music.

Tailapa III

1151–1164

1. His rule saw the beginning of the end of the Chalukya empire.

2. He was killed by Hoysala ViraNarasimha in 1162.

Jagadhekamalla III

1163–1183

1. His rule was completely overshowded by the emergence of the Southern Kalachuris under Bijjala II who took control of Basavakalyana.

Someshvara IV

1184–1200

1. He was the last king of the Western Chalukya empire.

2. He managed to capture Basavakalyana briefly but failed to prevent feudatories like the Seuna, Hoysala and the Kakatiya dynasty from completely overwhelming the Chalukya empire by 1200.

The Chalukya Dynasty can be studied into three part: Chalukya of Badami, Chalukya of Vengi (Eastern Chalukya), and Chalukya of Kalyani (Western Chalukya).The rise of this Dynasty is marked by efficient administration, overseas trade and commerce and the development of new style of architecture. In the above list of Chalukya Rulers and their contribution will enhance the general knowledge of readers.

“History of Medieval India”: A Complete Study Material

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