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Chalukya Dynasty| List of Chalukya Rulers and their contributions

08-DEC-2017 12:36

    The Chalukya Dynasty was one of the powerful dynasties of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century AD. The rule of this dynasty is marked an important milestone in the history of South India and a golden age in the history of Karnataka. Here, we are giving the list of Chalukya Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.  

    Chalukya Dynasty

    List of Chalukya Rulers and their contributions

    Chalukya of Badami

    Name of Rulers

    Reign (AD)

    Contribution (s)

    Pulakeshin I

    543–566

    1. Founder of the dynasty

    2. Built major Hindu temples in the Aihole, Badami and Pattadakal region.

    3. Referred to as Satyashraya, Vallabha and Dharmamaharaja in inscriptions.

    Kirtivarman I

    566–597

    1. He consolidated the newly founded Chalukya Kingdom through the subjugation of the Kadambas,the Nalas of Nalavadi, the Alupas of South Kanara and the Maurya chiefs of Konkan.

    Mangalesha

    597–609

    1. Ruled as regent as the heir to the throne.

    2. Assumed the titles of Ururanaparakrama, Ranavikrama and Paramabhagavata, and excavated the Vaishnava temple at Badami.

    Pulakeshin II

    609–642

    1. He was the first ruler in South India to issue gold coinage.

    2. Hist childhood name was Ereya and ascended the Chalukya throne as Pulakeshin II.

    3. Assumed the title Chalukya Parameshwara.

    Vikramaditya I

    655–680

    1. He restored order in the fractured kingdom and made Vatapi as capital

    Vinayaditya

    680–696

    1. His reign was marked by general peace and harmony.

    2. He assumed the titles Yuddhamalla, Sahasarasika, Satyashraya.

    Vijayaditya

    696–733

    1. His reign was marked by general peace and harmony.

    2. He built a number of temples.

    Vikramaditya II

    733–746

    1. Famous Virupaksha Temple (Lokeshwara temple) and Mallikarjuna Temple was built during his reign.

    Kirtivarman II

    746–753

    1. Also known as Rahappa

    2. He was the last king of the Badami dynasty.

    Chalukya of Vengi  (Eastern Chalukya)

    Name of Rulers

    Reign (AD)

    Contribution

    Kubja Vishnuvardhana

    624–641

    1. He was the brother of Chalukya Pulakeshin II.

    2. He was appointed as Viceroy by Pulakeshin II but Vengi Viceroyalty developed into an independent kingdom.

    3. He assumed the title of Vishamasiddhi (conqueror of difficulties).

    Jayasimha I

    641–673

    1. He succeeded Kubja Vishnuvardhana as the king of Eastern Chalukyas with a long reign of 32 years.

    Indra Bhattaraka

    673

    1. He succeeded his brother Jayasimha I as the king

    Vishnu Vardhana II

    673–682

    1. He rule for very short period and his son Mangi Yuvaraja succeeded him.

    Mangi Yuvaraja

    682–706

    1. He ruled for very short durations and followed a period of unrest.

    Jayasimha II

    706–718

    1. He ruled for very short durations.

    Kokkili

    719

    1. He ruled for very short durations.

    Vishnuvardhana III

    719–755

    1. He ruled for very short period.

    Vijayaditya I

    755–772

    1. He was succeeded his father Gandaraditya I to the throne.

    2. The Satara plates of his son claim that Vijayaditya I reinstated the fallen lords of Sthanaka and Goa. 

    Vishnuvardhana IV

    772–808

    No information

    Vijayaditya II

    808–847

    No information

    Kali Vishnuvardhana V

    847–849

    No information

    Vijayaditya III

    849–892

    No information

    Chalukya Bhima I

    892–921

    No information

    Vijayaditya IV

    921

    No information

    Amma I

    921–927

    No information

    Beta Vijayaditya V

    927

    No information

    Tala I

    927

    No information

    Vikramaditya II

    927–928

    No information

    Bhima II

    928

    No information

    Yuddhamalla II

    928–935

    No information

    Chalukya Bhima II

    935–947

    No information

    Amma II

    947–970

    No information

    Tala I

    970

    No information

    Danarnava

    970–973

    No information

    Jata Choda Bhima

    973–999

    No information

    Shaktivarman I

    1000–1011

    No information

    Vimaladitya

    1011–1018

    No information

    Rajaraja Narendra

    1019–1061

    1. His reign was famous for the Social and Cultural heritage.

    2. During his reign, the two literary works were done in Kannada language, viz., Vikramarjuna Vijayam and Gadayuddam which popularized the story of Sanskrit Mahabharata in Karnataka.

    3. Tamil translations of Mahabharata were done during his reign.

    Vijayaditya VII

    -

    He was the last king of this dynasty.

    Chalukya of Kalyani (Western Chalukya)

    Name of Rulers

    Reign

    Contribution

    Tailapa II

    957–997

    1. He assumed the titles Trailokyamalla, Nurmadi Taliapa and Satyashraya Kulatilaka.

    Satyashraya

    997–1008

    1. Reffered to as Sattiga or Irivabedanga and assumed the titles as Akalavarsha, Akalankacharita and Sahasabhima.

    2. He patronised the great Kannada poet Ranna (one among the "three gems" or ratnatraya of classical Kannada literature) who compared his patron favourably to the Pandava prince Bhima (of the epic Mahabharatha) for his strength and valor in his epic poem Sahasabhimavijaya.

    Vikramaditya V

    1008–1015

    1. He was nephew of Satyashraya and had a very uneventful short reign.

    Jayasimha II

    1015–1042

    1. Also known as Jagadekhamalla II and Mallikamoda.

    Someshvara I

    1042–1068

    1. Also known as "Ahavamalla" or "Trilokamalla.

    2. He patronized the Kannada language scholar Shridharacharya who wrote Jatakatilaka (1049 AD), the earliest available work on astrology in the language.

    Someshvara II

    1068–1076

    1. His reign was full of civil war and conflict.

    Vikramaditya VI

    1076–1126

    1. His reign is marked with the abolishment of the Saka era and the start of the Chalukya-Vikrama era.

    2. He assumes the  title Permadideva and Tribhuvanamalla (lit "lord of three worlds").

    3. Vijnaneshwara the noted jurist in his court wrote Mitakshara, a commentary on Yagnavalkya Smriti (on Hindu family law).

    4. He built the Mallikarjuna temple,the Mahadeva temple, the Kaitabheshvara temple and the Kalleshvara temple.

    Someshvara III

    1126–1138

    1. He was a noted historian, scholar and poet.

    2. He authored the Sanskrit encyclopaedic text Manasollasa touching upon such topics as polity, governance, astronomy, astrology, rhetoric, medicine, food, architecture, painting, poetry and music.

    3. He assumes the titles as Sarvadnya-bhupa (lit, "the king who knows everything") and Bhulokamala ("the king who is lord of all living beings") due to his scholarly persuit.

    Jagadhekamalla II

    1138–1151

    1. His rule saw the slow decline of the Chalukya empire with the loss of Vengi.

    2. He patronised Kannada grammarian Nagavarma II, who wrote Kavyavalokana, Karnataka Bhashabhushana and Jagadhekamalla II who wrote Sanskrit Sangithachudamani on music.

    Tailapa III

    1151–1164

    1. His rule saw the beginning of the end of the Chalukya empire.

    2. He was killed by Hoysala ViraNarasimha in 1162.

    Jagadhekamalla III

    1163–1183

    1. His rule was completely overshowded by the emergence of the Southern Kalachuris under Bijjala II who took control of Basavakalyana.

    Someshvara IV

    1184–1200

    1. He was the last king of the Western Chalukya empire.

    2. He managed to capture Basavakalyana briefly but failed to prevent feudatories like the Seuna, Hoysala and the Kakatiya dynasty from completely overwhelming the Chalukya empire by 1200.

    The Chalukya Dynasty can be studied into three part: Chalukya of Badami, Chalukya of Vengi (Eastern Chalukya), and Chalukya of Kalyani (Western Chalukya).The rise of this Dynasty is marked by efficient administration, overseas trade and commerce and the development of new style of architecture. In the above list of Chalukya Rulers and their contribution will enhance the general knowledge of readers.

    “History of Medieval India”: A Complete Study Material

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