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List of Important works of Mughal Emperor Akbar

02-FEB-2018 01:01
    List of Important works of Mughal Emperor Akbar

    Akbar was one of the mighty and powerful rulers of the Mughal dynasty. He was known for remunerating ability, devotion, and judgment, paying little mind to the ethnic foundation or religious practice. He was born as Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad and took the title ‘Akbar’ which means great. He never renounced Islam but talked about synthesis of different religious principles.

    List of Important works of Mughal Emperor Akbar

    Work

    Year

    Ended Slavery

    1562

    Free from the control of the Harem Party led by his foster mother Mahan Anaga.

    1562

    Annulled the Pilgrimage tax

    1563

    Abolished Jaziya Tax

    1564

    Establissed Fatehpur Sikri and transfer its capital from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri

    1571

    Founded Ibadat Khana (House of worship)

    1575

    Open Ibadat Khana  (House of worship) for all religion

    1578

    Degree of Infallibility (Mazhar Nama)

    1579

    Founded Din-i-Illahi

    1582

    Started Illahi Era

    1583

    Transfer Capital to Lahore

    1585

    Cultural Development during Mughal Era

    Literary works during Akbar Reign

    1. He started a department for translation of works: Mahabharata, the Ramayana, the Atharva –Veda, the Bhagavad Gita and the Panchatantra were translated from Sanskrit to the Persian language.

    2. Ramayana and Singhasan Batisi were translated by Mulla Abdul Qadir Badayuni into Persian.

    3. Panchatantra was translated in Persian by Faizi.

    4. Atharva Veda was translated by Ibrahim Sirhindi.

    5. Rajataringini was translated by Maulana Shah Mohammad Shahabadi.

    6. Abul Fazl wrote the Ain-i-Akbari and Akbar Nama.

    During his rule, Akbar managed to crucify almost all parts of the Indian Subcontinent, with the remaining areas becoming tributary states. He introduced a number of military reforms like Mansabdari system accompanied by innovations in cannons, fortifications, and the use of elephants to consolidated Mughal rule in the Indian subcontinent. He also introduced a new fair system of taxation which was based on the estimation crop yield. He was a great patron of architecture, art, and literature. Hence, the Akbar period was popularly known as 'the renaissance of Persian literature'.

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