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List of Jain Tirthankaras

11-JUL-2014 16:21

    Who is a Tirthankara?

    A Tirthankara is defined as a founder of a Tirtha. He achieves the enlightenment and helps others achieve the same. A Tirthankara is believed to achieve Moksha or liberation at the end of his life.

    Tirthankaras are the humans like us who rise to that level. While accumulating different karmas, they also accumulate get a special karma called Tirthankar Nam Karma in the last 3rd of their life by performing one or more of the 20 special austerities. Tirthankar Nam Karma matures in the final life and leads the person to become a Tirthankara. After attaining omniscience, Tirthankara reorganize Jain religion to suit the changing times.

    Tirthankaras are also called Arihantas, Jinas, Kevalis, and Vitragi. Arihant means "destroyer of inner enemies," Jina means "victor of inner enemies," and vitragi means "one who does not have anymore attachment or hatred towards anyone." This means that they are totally detached from worldly aspects. They have destroyed the four ghati karmas, namely Jnanavarniya Karma, Darshanavarniya Karma, Mohniya Karma, and Antaraya Karma.

    Jains celebrate five major events in the life of a Tirthankar. They are called Kalyanak (auspicious events). They are:

    1. Chyavana Kalyanak - This is the event when the Tirthankar's soul departs from its last life, and is conceived in the mother’s womb.
    2. Janma Kalyanak - This is the event when the Tirthankar's soul is born.
    3. Diksha Kalyanak - This is the event when the Tirthankar's soul gives up all his/her worldly possessions and becames a monk/nun. (Digambar sect does not believe that women can become Tirthankar or be liberated.)
    4. Kevaljnana Kalyanak - This is event when Tirthankar’s soul destroys the four ghati karmas completely and attains the Kevaljnana (absolute knowledge). Celestial angels set Samavsaran for Tirthankars from where he/she delivers the first sermon. This is the most important event for the entire Jain order as the Tirthankar reinstates Jain Sangh and preaches the Jain path of purification and liberation.
    5. Nirvana Kalyanak - This event is when a Tirthankar’s soul is liberated from this worldly physical existence forever and becomes a Siddha. On this day, the Tirthankar’s soul destroys the four Aghati karmas completely, and attains salvation, the state of eternal bliss.

    In total, there are 24 Tirthankaras of Jainism. The first Tirthankara was Rishabhdev and the last one was Mahavira.

    List of all 24 Jain Tirthankaras is as following:

    Sr. No.

    Tirthankar

    Symbol

    Place of Nirvan

    1

    Lord Rishabha

    Bull

    Ashtapad(Kailasha)

    2

    Ajitnath

    Elephant

    Samet Sikhar

    3

    Sambhavanath

    Horse

    Samet Sikhar

    4

    Abhinandannath

    Monkey

    Samet Sikhar

    5

    Sumatinath

    Red Goose

    Samet Sikhar

    6

    Padmaprabha

    Lotus

    Samet Sikhar

    7

    Suparshvanath

    Swastika

    Samet Sikhar

    8

    Chandraprabha

    Moon

    Samet Sikhar

    9

    Pushpadanta

    Crocodile

    Samet Sikhar

    10

    Sheetalnath

    Kalpavriksha

    Samet Sikhar

    11

    Shreyansanath

    Rhinoceros

    Samet Sikhar

    12

    Vasupujya

    Female buffalo

    Champapuri

    13

    Vimalnath

    Pig

    Samet Sikhar

    14

    Anantnath

    Porcupine

    Samet Sikhar

    15

    Dharmanath

    Vajra

    Samet Sikhar

    16

    Shantinath

    Deer

    Samet Sikhar

    17

    Kunthunath

    Goat

    Samet Sikhar

    18

    Aranath

    Fish

    Samet Sikhar

    19

    Mallinath

    Kalasa

    Samet Sikhar

    20

    Munisuvrata

    Tortoise

    Samet Sikhar

    21

    Nami Natha

    Blue-Water Lily

    Samet Sikhar

    22

    Neminatha

    Conch

    Mount Girnar

    23

    Parshva

    Snake

    Samet Sikhar

    24

    Mahavira

    Lion

    Pava Puri

     

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