List of Mineral Belts in India

Minerals are formed over a period of millions of years in the earth’s crust. They are derived from rocks, which form the earth’s crust. In this article, we are giving the list of Mineral belts in India with their region and types of mineral found in the particular belts that will helps the aspirants in the preparations of examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA, Railways etc.
Created On: Mar 22, 2018 17:42 IST
List of Mineral Belts in India
List of Mineral Belts in India

A mineral is an aggregate of two or more than two elements. It has a definite chemical composition, physical properties and is formed by either organic or inorganic processes. They generally occur in the Earth’s crust in the form of ore that contains many impurities. India is fairly rich in mineral resources, but their distribution is highly uneven. The mineral belts of India are given below:

1. Himalayan Belt

Geographical location: Himalayan Regions

Minerals found: Coal is found in sub-Himalaya Eastern region. Hydrocarbons are found in Assam and Meghalaya. Natural gases are found in the foothills of Himachal Pradesh. Nickle, gold, silver, cobalt, lead etc. are also found in this belt.

2. North Eastern Peninsular Belt

Geographical location: The region comprising the Chhota Nagpur plateau and the Odisha plateau which covers the states of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Odisha.

Minerals found: Manganese, bauxite, copper, coal, iron ore, mica, kyanite, chromite, beryl, apatite etc. This region accounts for the country’s 93 % of iron ore production and 84% of coal production.

3. North Western Belt

Geographical location: Rajasthan and Gujarat along the Aravalli Range

Minerals found: Mostly non-ferrous minerals, uranium, aquamarine, petroleum, mica, beryllium, gypsum and emerald.

4. South Western Belt

Geographical location: Karnataka, Kerala and Goa

Minerals found: Garmet, Iron Ore, clay, monazite sand are found in this belt

5. Central Belt

Geographical location: Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra

Minerals found: Bauxite, uranium, manganese, limestone, mica,  graphite, marble, coal and gems stone.

6. Southern Belt

Geographical location: Karnataka plateau and Tamil Nadu

Minerals found: Bauxite and ferrous minerals (lacks in coal deposits) are found in this belt

In economic geography, the term mineral is used for any naturally occurring material that is mined and is of economic value. Hence, we say that India's rich mineral belt with relatively sizeable quantities is confined to the old, crystalline rock structures of plateaus and low hills of peninsular India.

Indian Geography: A Complete Study Material

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