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List of Various Reforms and Acts during British India

16-JUN-2016 17:11

    After establishing the complete control over Indian territories, British taking firm steps to encourage trade, they found that the country is best suited not only for rule but also to intervene in its social system. In this regards, they took plethora of steps to ameliorate the social life of the people. Here, we are giving list of various reforms acts during British India.

    List of Various Reforms and Acts during British India

    Name of the Reforms/ Acts

    Year

    During the term of 

    Significance

    Prohibition of Sati & Female infanticide

    1829

    Lord William Bentick

    Supported by Raja Rammohan Roy.

    Doctrine of Lapse

    1848

    Lord Dalhousie

    Adoption of sons by rulers in the absence of their natural heirs was banned.

    Indian Council Act

    1861

    Lord Canning

    Envisaged association of Indians with the administration at higher level.

    llbert Bill

    1883

    Lord Ripon

    To bring Indian and European magistracy on equal footing.

    Indian Council Act

    1892

    Lord Lansdown

    Membership of central legislative council was enlarged.

    Morely-Minto Reforms

    1909

    Lord Minto II

    Separate electorates to widen the gulf between Hindus & Muslims.

    Diarchy

    1919

    L. Chelmsford

    Meaning dual system of Govt.

    Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

    1919

    L. Chelmsford

    Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar by General Dyer

    Rowlatt Act

    1919

    L. Chelmsford

    Extraordinary powers were given to suppress the freedom struggle with General Dyer as the Commandant.

    Simon commission

    1928

    Lord Irwin

    To report working of the reforms; recommended diarchy in provinces; India to be constituted as a federation and Indianization of armed forces.

    Gandhi-Irwin Pact

    1931

    Lord Irwin

    Congress called off the agitation and agreed to participate in the Second Round Table Conference.

    Communal Award

    1932

    Lord Willingdon

    Envisaged communal representation for depressed classes besides Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs.

    Separate electorates

    1932

    Lord Willingdon

    (See Communal Award)

    Government of India Act

    1935

    Lord Willingdon

    Provided for a federal type of constitution.

    Cripps Mission

    1942

    Lord Linlithgow

    Proposed Dominion status for India after the Second World War.

    INA Trial

    1945

    Lord Wavell

    INA prisoners of war were trialed at Red Fort, Delhi and Bhulabhai Desai defended them.

    Wavell Plan

    1945

    Lord Wavell

    Envisaged constitution of executive council in such a way as to give representation to all major communities in India.

    Cabinet Mission Plan

    1946

    Lord Wavell

    Envisaged establishment of Constituent Assembly to frame the Constitution.

    Mountbatten Plan

    1947

    L. Mountbatten

    Partition Plan

    Indian lndependence Act

    1947

    L. Mountbatten

    India partitioned and attained independence.

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