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Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates

09-OCT-2018 12:20
    Nobel Prizes and Laureates

    The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. The will of the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901.

    Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates (2018, 2017 & 2016)

    Nobel Prizes and Laureates 2018

    Nobel Laureates

    Field

    Contribution

    James P. Allison(USA), Tasuku Honjo(Japan)

    Physiology or Medicine

    For their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation

    Gérard Mourou(France),

    Arthur Ashkin(USA),

    Donna Strickland(Canada)

     

    Physics

    For their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses in the field of laser physics

    George Smith (USA),

    Frances Arnold (USA),

    Greg Winter (UK)

    Chemistry

    For control of evolution and used it for purposes that bring the greatest benefit to humankind.

    This year no Nobel Prize for Literature

    Literature

    This year no Nobel Prize for Literature

    Denis Mukwege (Democratic Republic of the Congo),

    Nadia Murad (Germany)

     

    Peace

    For their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict.

    William Nordhaus (US)

    Paul Romer(US)

     

    Economic Sciences

    For work on climate change, and the endogenous growth theory

    Indian Recipients of Ramon Magsaysay Award

    Nobel Prizes and Laureates 2017

    Nobel Laureates

    Field

    Contribution

    Rainer Weiss

    Barry C. Barish

    Kip S. Thorne

    Physics

    For decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves

    Jacques Dubochet

    Joachim Frank

    Richard Henderson

    Chemistry

    "For developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution".

    Jeffrey C. Hall

    Michael Rosbash

    Michael W. Young

    Physiology or Medicine

    "For their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm".

    Kazuo Ishiguro

    Literature

    "Who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world".

    International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)

    Peace

    "For its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons".

    Richard H. Thaler

    Economic Sciences

    "For his contributions to behavioural economics".

    India’s Highest Literary Award (Jnanpith Award): Facts at a Glance

    Nobel Prizes and Laureates 2016

    Nobel Laureates

    Field

    Contribution

    F. Duncan

    M. Haldane

    J. Michael Kosterlitz

    Physics

    For the theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter"

    Jean-Pierre Sauvage

    Sir J. Fraser Stoddart

    Bernard L. Feringa

    Chemistry

    For the design and synthesis of molecular machines

    Yoshinori Ohsumi

    Physiology or Medicine

    For the discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy

     

    Bob Dylan

    Literature

    For having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition

     

    Juan Manuel Santos

    Peace

    For his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end

    Oliver Hart

    Bengt Holmström

    Economic Sciences

    For their contributions to contract theory

    The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards the Nobel Prize in Physics, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel; the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute awards the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; the Swedish Academy grants the Nobel Prize in Literature; and the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

    Do you know that the Indian aviation service still using a symbol of slavery

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