Nirbhay: India's First Sub-Sonic Cruise Surface to Air Missile
Interesting facts about ‘Nirbhay’ sub-sonic cruise Missile
1. Nirbhay is India's first indigenously designed and developed long-range, all-weather sub-sonic cruise missile.
2. It is designed and developed in India by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
3. Nirbhay missile is similar in appearance to the U.S. Tomahawk and the Russian Club SS-N-27 with its cylindrical fuselage.
4. It is a nuclear-capable cruise missile and can carry warheads of up to 300 kg which can be launched from multiple platforms like sea, land, aircraft and underwater.
5. Nirbhay has an operational range 1000-1500 km.
6. It has a maximum speed of Mach 0.8 or 987 km/hr. The successful test recorded a speed of Mach 0.7 or 864 km/hr.
7. Do you know one more thing that make Nirbhay missile different from other? It is that it can hover around a target known as loitering capability and can strike from any direction like an unmanned vehicle.
8. It is a two-stage missile powered by Solid rocket motor booster and is capable of carrying conventional and nuclear warheads.
9. The Nirbhay cruise missile that was launched on 15 April, 2019 was the sixth successful trial. No doubt the successful test of the 1000 km long range missile will definitely provide a boost to India's defence power. Therefore, it is capable of targeting any object within 1000 km range.
10. As we know that BrahMos is a joint venture between India and Russia. And after successful launch of Nirbhay, India now can make ballistic, tactical and cruise all the three types of missile.
Nirbhay Missile Trials done till now
First Trial: The missile was first time test fired on 12 March, 2013 from an Integrated Test Range at Chandipur in Balasore district of Odisha. Missile was supposed to hit a static target situated 1000 km away in Bay of Bengal. The test was partial successful.
Second Trial: Missile was tested on 17 October, 2014 from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur in Balasore district of Odisha. This time the test was successful. The missile travelled for more than 1000 km and duration was about 1 hour 10 min.
Third Trial: Missile third trial took place on 16 October, 2015. It was tested for its low flying capability. The takeoff was successful but the missile was crashed into the Bay of Bengal after 11 minutes of flight covering only 128 km of its 1000 km range.
Fourth Trial: The Missile trial was took place on 21 December, 2016 from Launch Complex-III of Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Balasore in Odisha. This test was also not successful.
Fifth Trial: Took place on 7 November, 2017 from Launch Complex-III of Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Balasore in Odisha. The test was successful and met all the objectives. For over 50 min missile travelled a distance of 647 km.
Sixth Trial: took place on 15 April, 2019. It was also successful. According to DRDO all the objectives were met and the test missile navigated waypoints located at an altitude of 5 metres to 2.5 km.
So, we can say that Nirbhay missile is India’s first Indigenous developed long range sub-sonic cruise missile and its sixth trial is successful which took place on 15th April, 2019.