Rajasthan: Languages

01-AUG-2013 12:59

    The languages of Rajasthan differ from district to district. The state of Rajasthan is distinguished by rich linguistic multiplicity. Rajasthani language contains an immense literature printed in diverse varieties dating back to 1000 AD. The contemporary Rajasthani literature initiated with the work of Suryamal Misran. His significant works embraces Vansa Bhaskara and Vir Satsai. Vir Satsai encloses an anthology of thousands of couples. Vans Bhaskar depicts about the prices of Rajput who ruled over Rajputana through the life span of the poet. The widely spoken language in Rajasthan state is Rajasthani. It is a division of Central Indo-Aryan folks, though some categorize it as Western Indo-Aryan lingo.


    Other important languages of Rajasthan are:



    The prehistoric name of Marwari language is Maru. Marwari language is spoken by the people of Bikaner, Churu, Ajmer, Nagaur, Pali, Jalore, Jodhpur, Barmer and Jaisalmer districts of Rajasthan. Marwari literature includes the forte of Apbransh, Prakrit and Sanskrit.



    Bagri language is mainly spoken in Sriganganagar and Hanumangarh districts of Rajasthan, Hissar and Sirsa districts of Haryana, Muktsar and Firozepur districts of Punjab.



    Shekhawati language is maily spoken by the people of Jhunjhunu, Sikar and Churu districts of Rajasthan.



    Dhundhari language is mainly spoken in Dausa, Jaipur, Ajmer, Tonk , Sawai Madhopur and Karauli districts. The Dhundhari language was first reviewed on by G. Macliester who created samples of 15 varieties of Dhundhari language spoken in the land of the Jaipur in the year 1898.



    The Harauti language is spoken in Bundi, Kota, Jhalawar and Baran.


    Mewari language is mainly spoken in Bhilwara, Rajsamand, Chittorgarh and Udaipur districts of Rajasthan.



    Malvi language is mainly spoken in the Malva region. An extraordinary form of Malvi is called Rangari. Rangari is very famed among the Rajputs of Malva.



    Vagari language is extensively spoken in Mewar.

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