Rajput Architecture

The Rajputs had a keen insight for creation of the beautiful temples, forts and palaces.
Created On: Oct 31, 2014 15:27 IST
Modified On: Nov 3, 2014 12:32 IST

The Rajputs had a keen insight for creation of the beautiful temples, forts and palaces.

Temples built by the Rajputs

During 600 AD to 900 AD, the Rajputs had built the Rathas of Mahabalipuram, the Kailash temple at Ellora and the engravements of Elephanta.

During 900 AD to 1200 AD, they had developed the Pallava, Chola and Hoysala temples. Also included are the Vishwanath and the Khandariya temples, the Khajuraho temples, the Surya temple at Konark, the Lingaraj temple at Bhubaneshwar, the Jagannath temple in Puri and the Tejpala temple at Mt. Abu. Amongst these, the Khajuraho temples are considered the most beautiful, as those are made of pink buff-coloured and yellow fine grained sandstone. The most awesome feature of these temples is the balcony window. There are floral designs encarved on the doors, passages, pillars and ceilings. Sculpturing of the various legends like fairies, spirits and others are there.

In 1002 AD, the Vishwanatha Temple was built by Dhanga, a Chandela King. The Khandariya Temple is the largest monument of Khajuraho, and was built between 1017 AD and 1029 AD.

During 950-70 AD, the Parswanatha Temple was built as one of the largest Jain temples in Khajuraho. The shape of this temple is rectangular, with some projections here and there. The Shri RushabhaDev Temple and Chaumukh Temple, are located in Palitana, the city of temples.

In 1088 AD, the Dilwara Jain Temples were constructed in white marble. A deity is place in a cell, raised on a high platform surrounded by a courtyard. The Vimalavasahi temple and the Tejpala temple are the prominent ones.

The Forts and Palaces built by the Rajputs

The Rajputs had built magnific fortresses at Chittorgarh, Amber (Jaipur), Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Ranthambhor, Gwalior, and many other places. It is noted that these forts are usually made on small hills and some barriers were also made to prevent the entry of any unwanted person. All the forts had magnificent walls and various towers.

The Chittorgarh fort is the largest fort in India, which was made in the 7th century AD by the Mauryans. This fort has seven gates, and also consists of many historical monuments such as the Vijay Stambh, KirtiStambh, Fatah Prakash palace, etc. The most admirable one is the Jaya Sthamba or Tower of Victory built in Chittor. It is approximately 37 metres of height with nine storeys. Statues of Hindu deities are encarved throughout the walls of the tower. This was built by MaharanaKumbha during the 13th century in order to celebrate his victory over the ruler of Malwa, Mahmd. I. This tower is of square shape and has balcony windows all over.

Jaisalmer fort was constructed by the Bhati Rajput king Rao Jaisal in 1156 AD, which gave the name Jaisalmer. This fort is located on the Trikuta hill in the Thar Desert.

The Udaipur Palace located on lakePicholawas built by MaharanaUdai Singh. The HawaMahal in Jaipur was built by Raja Jai Singh. Their architecture consists of decorative marble work, with mirrors and small paintings.

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