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List of all State Political Parties in India

Apr 10, 2019 16:27 IST
    As of April 2019 the number of national parties in India are 7, the number of state recognised parties are 35 and Regional Parties in India are around 329. A party should win at least 1 seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction there of allotted to that State or a party should win minimum 3% of the total number of seats or a minimum of 3 seats in the Legislative Assembly.
    State Parties in India

    India is called the largest democracy of the world. There are three types of political parties in India.

    1. National Parties

    2. State Parties

    3. Regional Parties in India

    The Election Commission of India has laid down certain criteria for a party to be recognised as national or state level parties.

    As of April 2019 the number of national parties in India are 7, the number of state recognised parties are 35 and Regional Parties in India are around 329. It is worth to mention that the status of the national/state/regional parties gets changed on the basis of their performance in the Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections.

    Recognition as a national or a State party ensures that the election symbol of that party can't be used by any other political party throughout the country.

    While other registered but unrecognised political parties have to choose election symbol from a pool of “free symbols” announced by the Election Commission from time to time.

    Criteria to become State Party;

    If a political party want to become a state party then it has to fulfil at least one of the following criteria;

    A.  A party should win at least 1 seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction there of allotted to that State. or

    B. A party should win minimum 3% of the total number of seats or a minimum of 3 seats in the Legislative Assembly. or

    C. In a particular election, the party has to win at least 6% of the total votes, and also win 1 Lok Sabha and 2 Assembly seats. or

    D. If a Party fails to win any seat in a State in a general election of Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, the party will still be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.

    Name of state Party

    State

    Abbreviation

     1. Aam Aadmi Party       

    Delhi

    AAP

     2. Arunachal Congress

    Arunachal Pradesh

    AC

     3. All India Anna Dravida  Munnetra Kazhagam

    Tamil Nadu

    AIADMK

     4.  Asom Gana Parishad

    Assam

    AGP

     5. All India Forward Bloc

    West Bengal

    AIFB

     6. Assam United Democratic Front

    Assam

    AUDF

     7. Biju Janata Dal             

    Odisha

    BJD

     8.  Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

    Tamil Nadu and Puducherry

    DMK

     9. Indian National Lok Dal                               

    Haryana

    INLD

     10. Janata Dal (Secular)                 

    Karnataka and Kerala

    JD(S)

     11. Janata Dal (United)                 

    Bihar and Jharkhand

    JD(U)

     12. Jammu and Kashmir National Conference                     

    Jammu & Kashmir

    JKN

     13. Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party                 

    Jammu and Kashmir

    JKNPP

     14. Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party                            

    Jammu and Kashmir

    JKPDP

     15. Jharkhand Mukti Morcha                               

    Jharkhand

    JMM

     16. Kerala            Congress                               

    Kerala

    KEC

     17. Kerala Congress (M)                               

    Kerala

    KEC(M)

     18.   Lok Jan Shakti Party                               

    Bihar

    LJP

     19. Maharashtrawadi Gomantak                          

    Goa

    MAG

     20. Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

    Tamil Nadu and Puducherry

    MDMK

     21. Manipur Peoples Party                               

    Manipur

    MPP

      22. Muslim League Kerala State Committee                        

    Kerala

    MUL

      23. Nagaland Peoples Front                               

    Nagaland and Manipur

    NPF

      24. Pattali Makkal Katchi                               

    Tamil Nadu

    PMK

      25. Rashtriya Janata Dal

    Bihar

    RJD

     26. Revolutionary Socialist Party                    

    West Bengal

    RSP

     27.  Shiromani Akali Dal                 

    Punjab

    SAD

     28. Sikkim Democratic Front                               

    Sikkim

    SDF

     29. United Goans Democratic Party                    

    Goa

    UGDP

     30. Shivsena                      

    Maharashtra

    SHS

     31. Samajwadi Party                      

    Uttar Pradesh

    SP

     32. Telugu Desam                           

    Andhra Pradesh

    TDP

     33. Telangana Rashtra Samithi                               

    Andhra Pradesh

    TRS

     34. United Democratic Party                               

    Meghalaya

    UDP

     35. Uttarakhand Kranti Dal                               

    Uttarakhand Himalayas

    UKKD

    As per the new rules since August 22, 2016; the poll panel will review the status of national and State party every 10 years instead of the 5. So it can be said that the list of national and state parties changes on the basis of performance of the political parties.

    T.N. Seshan: The Proponent of Election Reforms in India


    Distribution of Lok Sabha Seats in Indian states

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