The term Biodiversity was coined by R.F Dasman in 1968 which refer to as the variety of and abundance of living organisms in a particular region. It has great social relevance. The main factors which necessitate the conservation of biodiversity are discussed below:
Factors that necessitate the Biodiversity Conservation
1. Ecological Necessity: It is a well-known fact of bio-science that all organisms have their own place in the food-chain and interact with their abiotic environment in a way that the ecosystem becomes a self-sustaining. Hence, it is very important to maintain the ecological balance in nature by conserving the wildlife in its native form.
2. Biology Necessity: The demands of crops yield and animal product getting increases day by day. Hence, in order to increase the productivity from crops and animal, scientist worked on the genetic modification. This modification through breeding programme is our requirement but it is necessary to protect and preserve as large variety of native wildlife as possible as.
3. Economic Necessity: All the three forms of wildlife, the plants, the animals and the micro-organism have distinct economic values. Plants gives us timber, paper, pulp, rubber, drugs, fiber, charcoal etc. whereas animal gives us nutritious food, silk, wool, leather, honey, acetone, vinegar, methane etc. Hence, it is very important to optimise the resources in a way of sustainability.
4. Scientific Necessity: Biodiversity needs to be conserved for education and scientific research. For example: - Guinea-pigs, rabbits, monkeys, dogs, frogs and fish have been used by the scientific community for promoting the cause of science both biological and pharmaceutical. Hence, it is one the reason for conserving wildlife.
5. Cultural Necessity: Cultural diversity also led to the conservation of Biodiversity because literature and religion in most parts of the world rely heavily upon nature. Certain plants animals have sacred place in certain religious group. For example- Tulsi in Hinduism, Yak among Tibetan, Turkey among Christianity and Pig is prohibited in Islam.
6. Ethical Necessity: It is essential for the conservation of Biodiversity ethically because wide variety of organism existing today has evolved through billions of years and any species lost their existence due to human.
7. Aesthetic Necessity: The natural landscapes, mountain, sea-shores, lush green forests etc have great aesthetic values. Monuments of nature and natural areas, therefore for recreation, eco-tourism is very vital in the promotion of tourism, ecotourism and leisure industry.
It is imperative to conserve biodiversity because we have not discovered any valuable use of species of plant , animals and micro-organisms, may be the coming generation learn to optimum as well as valuable of species. All the factors discussed above that signify the importance of wildlife and the need for its conservation.