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Timeline of Delhi Sultanate

04-APR-2017 11:36

The establishment of Delhi Sultanate began with the invasion of Muhammad Ghori. He had brought a large number of slaves and appointment them as officers. When he died in AD 1206 resulted in a scramble for supremacy among his three generals- Qutub-ud-din Aibek (Commander of his army), Tajuddin Yalduz (ruled Karman and Sankuran between Afghanistan and Sind) and Nasiruddin Qubacha (held). Here, we are giving a timeline of Delhi Sultanate in chronological order and causes of decline of Delhi Sultanate.

Timeline of Delhi Sultanate

Ilbary Dynasty (AD 1206-1290)


Name of Sultan

Years of ruling

Qutub-Ud-din Aibek

AD 1206- 1210

Shams-ud-din Iltutmish

AD 1211-1230

Razia Begum

AD 1236- 1240

Nasiruddin Mahmud

AD 1246-1266

Ghias-ud-din Balban

AD 1266-1287


AD 1287-1290


Khilji Dynasty (AD 1290-1320)


Name of Sultan

Years of ruling

Jalal-ud-din Khilji (

AD 1290-96

Alauddin Khilji


Shiba-ud-din Omar

AD 1316

Mubarak khilji

AD 1316-1320

Tughlaq Dynasty (AD 1320-1412)


Name of Sultan

Years of ruling

Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq

AD 1320-1325

Muhammad Bin Tughlaq

AD 1325-51

Firuz Shah Tughlaq


Tughlaq Shah

AD 1388-1398

Abu Bakar

During the next 14 years three sultans ascended the throne. Then followed Nasiruddin Mahmud the last sultan of this dynasty.

Muhammad Shah

Alauddin Sikander Shah

Nasiruddin Mahmud

Sayyid Tughlaq (AD 1414-1450)


Name of Sultan

Years of ruling

Khizr Khan

AD 1414-1421

Mubarak Shah

AD 1421-1434

Muhammad Shah


Alauddin Alam Shah

AD 1445-1450

Lodhi Dynasty (AD 1451- 1526)


Name of Sultan

Years of ruling

Bahlol Lodhi

AD 1451-1489

Sikander Lodhi

AD 1489- 1517

Ibrahim Lodhi

AD 1517-1526

Reasons for the Success of Sultans of Delhi Sultanate

1. Local kings lacked unity and organisation; divided by rivalries’

2. There was no central government

3. Kingdoms were small and scattered

4. Turks were better organised and took advantage of the lack of mutual cooperation among the Rajputs.

Causes of Decline of Delhi Sultanate

1. The rulers of Delhi Sultanate came in power with the help of sword and army, so there was no definite law of succession.

2. Military strength was the main factor in succession to the throne, which later gave birth to political instability.

2. Nobles were very powerful and act as king makers who controlled the weak sultans.

3. Iqtadari, Zamindari and Jagirdari system led to the disintegration of Delhi Sultanate.

4. Invasion of Timurid Babar created havoc like situation and became main cause for the downfall of the Delhi Sultanate

“History of Medieval India”: A Complete Study Material

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