Timeline of Delhi Sultanate

The establishment of the Delhi Sultanate began with the invasion of Muhammad Ghori. He had brought a large number of slaves and appointment them as officers. After that man dynasties ruled the Delhi Sultanate. Here, we have provided a timeline of the Delhi Sultanate in chronological order and causes of the decline of Delhi Sultanate.
Created On: Nov 25, 2020 11:29 IST
Modified On: Nov 25, 2020 11:29 IST
Timeline of Delhi Sultanate
Timeline of Delhi Sultanate

The establishment of Delhi Sultanate began with the invasion of Muhammad Ghori. He had brought a large number of slaves and appointment them as officers. When he died in AD 1206 resulted in a scramble for supremacy among his three generals- Qutub-ud-din Aibek (Commander of his army), Tajuddin Yalduz (ruled Karman and Sankuran between Afghanistan and Sind) and Nasiruddin Qubacha (held). Here, we are giving a timeline of Delhi Sultanate in chronological order and causes of decline of Delhi Sultanate.

Timeline of Delhi Sultanate

Ilbary Dynasty (AD 1206-1290)

Arrow

Name of Sultan

Years of ruling

Qutub-Ud-din Aibek

AD 1206- 1210

Shams-ud-din Iltutmish

AD 1211-1236

Razia Begum

AD 1236- 1240

Muizuddin Bahram Shah

(1240 – 1242)

Alauddin Masud Shah

(1242 – 1246)

Nasiruddin Mahmud

AD 1246-1266

Ghias-ud-din Balban

AD 1266-1287

Kaiqubad

AD 1287-1290

 

Khilji Dynasty (AD 1290-1320)

 Arrow

Name of Sultan

Years of ruling

Jalal-ud-din Khilji (

AD 1290-96

Alauddin Khilji

AD1296-1316

Shiba-ud-din Omar

AD 1316

Mubarak khilji

AD 1316-1320

Khusrau Khan

AD 1320

Tughlaq Dynasty (AD 1320-1412)

Arrow   

Name of Sultan

Years of ruling

Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq

AD 1320-1325

Muhammad Bin Tughlaq

AD 1325-51

Firuz Shah Tughlaq

AD 1351-1388

Tughlaq Khan

AD 1388-1389

Abu Bakar Shah

During the next 14 years three sultans ascended the throne. Then followed Nasiruddin Mahmud the last sultan of this dynasty.

Muhammad Shah

Alauddin Sikander Shah

Nasiruddin Mahmud

Sayyid Tughlaq (AD 1414-1450)

Arrow

Name of Sultan

Years of ruling

Khizr Khan

AD 1414-1421

Mubarak Shah

AD 1421-1434

Muhammad Shah

AD 1434-1445

Alam Shah

AD 1445-1450

Lodhi Dynasty (AD 1451- 1526)

Arrow

Name of Sultan

Years of ruling

Bahlol Lodi

AD 1451-1489

Sikander Lodi

AD 1489- 1517

Ibrahim Lodi

AD 1517-1526

Reasons for the Success of Sultans of Delhi Sultanate

1. Local kings lacked unity and organization; divided by rivalries’

2. There was no central government

3. Kingdoms were small and scattered

4. Turks were better organized and took advantage of the lack of mutual cooperation among the Rajputs.

Causes of Decline of Delhi Sultanate

1. The rulers of Delhi Sultanate came in power with the help of a sword and army, so there was no definite law of succession.

2. Military strength was the main factor in succession to the throne, which later gave birth to political instability.

2. Nobles were very powerful and act as kingmakers who controlled the weak sultans.

3. Iqtadari, Zamindari and Jagirdari system led to the disintegration of Delhi Sultanate.

4. Invasion of Timurid Babar created havoc situation and became the main cause for the downfall of the Delhi Sultanate

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