The medical field is known as one of the most respectable career options in this country. Doctors are recognised and upheld in every culture, religion, and economic setup. This profession not only gains appreciation due to the financial stability it offers but also due to the fact that doctors dedicate their lives to improve healthcare in government hospitals and rural areas for a bare minimum compensation.
You can pursue MBBS by appearing for the AIIMS entrance exam for admission to various AIIMS colleges, especially AIIMS Delhi. For admission to various other government medical colleges like Christian Medical College Vellore, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, and Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, you must appear for NEET.
NEET is an extremely popular entrance exam amongst medical aspirants and doctors since it opens gateways to a large number of medical colleges across the country. In fact, over 13 lakh students had appeared for NEET 2018 in May 2018. However, there are only 60,000 seats in India for MBBS courses. This is an overall flowchart of career options available for a medical aspirant:
As the population increases, the requirement for better healthcare and highly trained doctors gradually increases. Which is why, many MBBS aspirants aim to pursue a specialisation and even a super specialisation in fields of their choice.
Here are some options after a recognised MBBS degree:
To be eligible for admission in a specialisation degree like Post graduate diploma, MD, or MS, you require a NEET PG, AIIMS, JIPMER, PGI Chandigarh or a valid state CET score. To pursue a DNB degree, you require a DNB CET score. Let’s have a look at each of these courses.
1. Post graduate diploma: If you wish to complete your specialisation in two years after graduating with an MBBS degree, you can pursue a Postgraduate Diploma, recognised by the Medical Council of India. You can pursue several fields like radiology, obstetrics and gynaecology, orthopaedics, diabetology, etc. Some of them are:
2. MD - Doctor of Medicine: MD is a postgraduate degree which deals with fields that do not require surgical skills. However, there are some exceptions. This is a 3 year program. There are several fields that you can pursue. Some of them are:
3. MS - Master of Surgery: MS is a postgraduate degree that deals with fields which require surgical skills. The only Non-Clinical Branch with an MS degree is Anatomy. Clinical Branches for MS are- General Surgery, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics, Obstetrics and gynecology. This is a three year long course. There are several fields that you can pursue. Some of them are:
4. DNB - Diplomate of National Board (Specialization): This degree is awarded by the National Board of Examinations under the Union Ministry of Health, India. DNB candidates are trained at high end private hospitals, while the MD/MS candidates are trained at Medical Colleges. Admissions to this course are based on your DNB-CET score. DNB residency positions are available fields like anaesthesiology, general medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, radiodiagnosis and radiotherapy, physiology, and many more.
Super Specialisation degrees:
For a DM or M.Ch. degree, you require a NEET SS, AIIMS PG, JIPMER, or PGIMER score. For a DNB SS degree, you need a DNB CET SS score.
1. DM - Doctor of Medicine: This is a Super Specialty Degree which you can pursue after completing MD. This is a three year program. There are several fields that you can pursue. Some of them are:
2. M.Ch - Master of Chirurgical: This is a super speciality degree which you can pursue after completing MS. This is a three year course. There are several fields that you can pursue. Some of them are:
3. DNB - Diplomate of National Board (Super Specialization): For a DNB Super Specialization degree, you must give the DNB CET SS exam. You can pursue medical or surgical super specialisations. Courses like Cardiac Anaesthesia, Neurology, Cardiology, and Neonatology fall under Medical Super Specializations. Courses like Neurosurgery, Paediatric Surgery, and Plastic Surgery fall under Surgical Super Specializations. You can pursue some of these Super Specializations directly after your MBBS as 6 year courses.
About the Author:
Manish Kumar graduated from IIT Bombay in 2006 with a degree in Metallurgical and Materials Science. He then pursued masters in Materials Science Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology, USA. Post his graduation, he joined Indian School Finance Company, where he was part of the core team responsible for business strategies and growth. In 2013, he co-founded SEED Schools, a venture focused on improving quality of low-cost K-12 education in India with a vision to make quality education accessible. He is currently Vice President of Product - Learning & Pedagogy at Toppr.com.