CTET 2016: Child development & Pedagogy notes

Feb 4, 2016 14:34 IST

    Important notes on Child Development and Pedagogy

    Child psychology is an important branch of psychology which focuses on the mind and behaviour of children from parental development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with the growth of children physically, but also with their mental, emotional and social development as well. Today, psychologists recognize that child psychology is unique and complex, but many differ in terms of the unique perspective they take when approaching development. Development is a process of internal and external growth of a child and the emergence or differentiation of his capabilities. It could also be understood as the function of maturity and his interaction with the environment. There may be various aspects of development like physical, mental, emotional, language, ethical etc.

    It is suggested that candidates should focus on Pedagogy sail through. Child Development and Pedagogy and pedagogy of various sections together comprise of 60% of weightage of Paper 1 and 53% of Paper 2. Therefore, concentrate on the pedagogy part well to score well in CTET.

    Keeping the importance of Child Development and Pedagogy in mind, the present article presents some sample questions on the topics and few important notes on the same.
    It is one of the important and interesting topics. Important point wise notes on Education Psychology can be summarized as follows:

    1-The term, Phycology was first used by Rudolf Golkay in 1950

    2-Rudolf Golkay wrote the first book ‘Phycology phycologia’ on Psychology.

    3-WilliumVant established the worldsfirst phycological lab in Germany lab (1879)

    4-The father of modern phycology- WilliumJames

    5-First psychologist of modern psychology - Decarte

    6-Kindergarten method was proposed by- Frobel

    7-Dalton method was proposed by- Helen Parkhurst

    8-Proponents of the Montessori method- Madam Mariea Montessori

    9-The father of cognitive movement- Albert Bandura

    10-Various theories of phycology/ community and their parents-

    Gestaltwad(1912)- Kohlar, Kofka, Vrdimr and Levin

    Structuralism (1879)-WilliumVunt

    Behaviourism (1912)-J. B. Watson
    Development/cognitive- Jean Piazze
    The structural concept of learning- Jerome Bruner
    Social learning theory(1986)-Albert Bandura
    Connectionism theory-(1913)- Thorndike
    Optimised response theory(1904)- Pavlov
    Kriyaprsut contract theory(1938)- Skinner
    Reinforcement/reinforcement theory (1915)-Hull
    Insight/understanding theory(1912)- Kohler

    11-    Personality projective methods of measurement:
    Thematic Apperception Test (T.A.T)

    ChildApperception test (C.A.T)

    Ink blot test(IBT)

    Sentence completion test(sct)

    12-Personality assessment method of measurement-

    Schedule
    Questionnaire
    Interview
    Autobiography method
    Individual history method
    Inspection
    Sociometry
    Physical test
    Dream analysis
    Criteria evaluation method

    13.The principle of intelligence and their exponent –

    Absolute monarchical principle (1911) - Averting, Traman and Stern
    Two bays Theory (1904) - Spearman
    Theory of three bays – Spearman
     The principle of multi-section – Edward Thorndike
    Group factor theory - Thurston and Cali

    14.    Determination of intelligence quotient (IQ) –
    Intelligence quotient (IQ) = mental age (MA)X100/ actual age (CA)

    15. Intelligence quotient (IQ) determination was proposed by - William Stern (1912)

    16. The level of intelligence may be indicated as follows:

    S. No

    Category

    IQ

    1.

    Idiot

    0-25

    2.

    Imbecile

    25-50

    3.

    Moron

    50-70

    4.

    Below Normal

    70-90

    5.

    Normal

    90-110

    6.

    Superior

    110-120

    7

    Very superior

    120-140

    8.

    Genius

    140 and above

    CTET 2016: social Science study material and sample paper

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