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CTET 2016: Child development & Pedagogy notes

We are providing you the important notes on Child development and Pedagogy for the CTET February 2016, which will help you to crack the Exam.

Feb 4, 2016 14:34 IST
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Important notes on Child Development and Pedagogy

Child psychology is an important branch of psychology which focuses on the mind and behaviour of children from parental development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with the growth of children physically, but also with their mental, emotional and social development as well. Today, psychologists recognize that child psychology is unique and complex, but many differ in terms of the unique perspective they take when approaching development. Development is a process of internal and external growth of a child and the emergence or differentiation of his capabilities. It could also be understood as the function of maturity and his interaction with the environment. There may be various aspects of development like physical, mental, emotional, language, ethical etc.

It is suggested that candidates should focus on Pedagogy sail through. Child Development and Pedagogy and pedagogy of various sections together comprise of 60% of weightage of Paper 1 and 53% of Paper 2. Therefore, concentrate on the pedagogy part well to score well in CTET.

Keeping the importance of Child Development and Pedagogy in mind, the present article presents some sample questions on the topics and few important notes on the same.
It is one of the important and interesting topics. Important point wise notes on Education Psychology can be summarized as follows:

1-The term, Phycology was first used by Rudolf Golkay in 1950

2-Rudolf Golkay wrote the first book ‘Phycology phycologia’ on Psychology.

3-WilliumVant established the worldsfirst phycological lab in Germany lab (1879)

4-The father of modern phycology- WilliumJames

5-First psychologist of modern psychology - Decarte

6-Kindergarten method was proposed by- Frobel

7-Dalton method was proposed by- Helen Parkhurst

8-Proponents of the Montessori method- Madam Mariea Montessori

9-The father of cognitive movement- Albert Bandura

10-Various theories of phycology/ community and their parents-

Gestaltwad(1912)- Kohlar, Kofka, Vrdimr and Levin

Structuralism (1879)-WilliumVunt

Behaviourism (1912)-J. B. Watson
Development/cognitive- Jean Piazze
The structural concept of learning- Jerome Bruner
Social learning theory(1986)-Albert Bandura
Connectionism theory-(1913)- Thorndike
Optimised response theory(1904)- Pavlov
Kriyaprsut contract theory(1938)- Skinner
Reinforcement/reinforcement theory (1915)-Hull
Insight/understanding theory(1912)- Kohler

11-    Personality projective methods of measurement:
Thematic Apperception Test (T.A.T)

ChildApperception test (C.A.T)

Ink blot test(IBT)

Sentence completion test(sct)

12-Personality assessment method of measurement-

Schedule
Questionnaire
Interview
Autobiography method
Individual history method
Inspection
Sociometry
Physical test
Dream analysis
Criteria evaluation method

13.The principle of intelligence and their exponent –

Absolute monarchical principle (1911) - Averting, Traman and Stern
Two bays Theory (1904) - Spearman
Theory of three bays – Spearman
 The principle of multi-section – Edward Thorndike
Group factor theory - Thurston and Cali

14.    Determination of intelligence quotient (IQ) –
Intelligence quotient (IQ) = mental age (MA)X100/ actual age (CA)

15. Intelligence quotient (IQ) determination was proposed by - William Stern (1912)

16. The level of intelligence may be indicated as follows:

S. No

Category

IQ

1.

Idiot

0-25

2.

Imbecile

25-50

3.

Moron

50-70

4.

Below Normal

70-90

5.

Normal

90-110

6.

Superior

110-120

7

Very superior

120-140

8.

Genius

140 and above

CTET 2016: social Science study material and sample paper

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