Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 11 April 2017
IAS prelim is the first and the most challenging step of the IAS exam and current affairs cover a major part of questions asked in IAS prelims. Hence, here we provide Current Affair quiz based on the recent happenings of April 2017 for IAS Prelims 2017.
Most of the MCQs asked in the IAS prelims exam are derived from the current affair of news of last one year. And hence a good insight on the latest current affairs can really help IAS aspirants to clear the IAS prelims exam. So, IAS aspirants should always try to practice as many MCQS as possible.
We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.
1. Consider the following steps taken by the Ministry of Human Resource to develop a Digital Study Material for the students:
1) An online platform “Swayam”, to make study material available online to students.
2) E-Pathshala provides comparative information regarding the performance of students at State and National level.
3) An online platform, namely, SHAGUN for monitoring Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA).
4) The Saransh website provides access to textbooks and other resources developed by the NCERT.
Which of the above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2, 4 and 3
The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has created an online platform namely, swayam to make study material available online to students.
In addition, the National Council of Educational Research and Training has also launched a web portal called e-Pathshala which provides access to textbooks and other resources developed by the NCERT.
The CBSE has developed an in-house decision support system called ‘SARANSH’. The system provides the following facilities:
• Data-driven analysis empowering Schools and Parents to take best decisions for students.
• All the performance metrics are presented through numbers as well as charts/ graphs for easy understanding.
• Equip schools and parents to review student's performance in various subjects.
• It helps the school to look performance in scholastic areas at an aggregate level and at the level of each student.
• The Saransh website, inter-alia, provides comparative information regarding the performance of students at State and National level.
Ministry of Human Resource Development has developed an online platform, namely, SHAGUN for monitoring Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), the flagship programme of the Government of India supporting universalisation of Elementary Education.
2. The Eleventh joint training Exercise, ‘Nomadic Elephant - 2016’ to promote military associations has commenced recently. Consider the following statements about this exercise:
1) The joint training Exercise Nomadic Elephant is to promote military associations between India and Mongolia.
2) The aim of this exercise is to develop interoperability between the two armies to fight in Counter Terrorism environment under the United Nation mandate.
Which of the above statement is true?
a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
The Eleventh Indo-Mongolia joint training Exercise, ‘Nomadic Elephant - 2016’ to promote military associations between India and Mongolia has commenced at Mongolia. The aim of this exercise is to develop synergy and interoperability between the two armies to fight in Counter Insurgency and Counter Terrorism environment under the United Nation mandate.
The Indian contingent will share their practical experiences of Counter Insurgency and Counter Terrorism operations through a series of classroom lectures and outdoor demonstrations which include aspects like House Clearing and Room intervention techniques in the hostage situation, road opening, establishing mobile check posts, intelligence gathering and drills for countering Improvised Explosive Devices.
3. Which of the following statements best describe the objectives of “Shodhganga”?
a. It will develop a national repository of theses and dissertations with an intuitive interface.
b. It will extend access to plagiarism detection software to eligible universities.
c. It will provide access to Indian theses and dissertations in open access to worldwide academic community
d. All of the above.
The University Grants Commission Regulation, 2016, mandates that after successful completion of the evaluation process the Institution concerned shall submit an electronic copy of the M.Phil dissertation /Ph. D. thesis to the Information and library Network (INFLIBNET), for hosting the same so as to make it accessible to all Institutions/Colleges. To implement this provision of the UGC Regulations, 2016, Shodhganga repository was set up.
The main objectives of Shodhganga are as follows:
• It will develop a national repository of theses and dissertations with an intuitive interface which enables submission of electronic version of theses and dissertations by Universities in India and facilitates search, browse and downloading of theses available in the repository.
• It will avoid unnecessary duplication and repetition that, in effect, is wastage of huge resources, both human and financial.
• It will provide access to Indian theses and dissertations in open access to worldwide academic community and make visibility of Indian research to other countries.
• It will extend access to plagiarism detection software to eligible universities.
• It will fund eligible Universities (that are under the purview of the UGC) for digitisation of back lists of theses submitted to their universities.
4. Scientists have been able to experimentally produced graphene to conduct current along one zigzag edge. Which statement best describe the importance of this study in nanotechnology?
1) The zigzag edge of graphene layer has a unique property as it allows the flow of charge with resistance at room temperature and above.
2) A few layers thick graphene that conducts current along one edge and so can lead to quantum information transfer even at room temperature.
3) This successful demonstration of the dissipation-less edge conduction will help to make high-quality graphene nanoribbons or nanostrips with clean edges.
Which of the above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2, and 3
Researchers from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have been able to experimentally produced graphene that is single or a few layers thick to conduct current along one particular edge called the zigzag edge. The zigzag edge of graphene layer has a unique property as it allows the flow of charge the without any resistance at room temperature and above.
A few-layers-thick graphene that conducts current along one edge does not experience any resistance and so can lead to realising power-efficient electronics and quantum information transfer, even at room temperature.
Many groups over the world have been trying to access these edges but have been largely unsuccessful because when current flows through graphene, it flows through both the edge as well as the bulk.
However, success was achieved by creating the bulk part of graphene extremely narrow (less than 10 nanometre thick), and hence highly resistive, thus forcing the current to flow through the edge alone.
In the past, others researchers had tried making narrow graphene through chemical methods. But the use of chemicals destroys the edges. So the IISc team resorted to mechanical exfoliation to make graphene that are single- and few-layers thick. They used a small metal robot to peel the graphene from pyrolytic graphite.
This successful demonstration of the dissipation-less edge conduction will act as great incentive to develop new chemical methods to make high-quality graphene nano-ribbons or nano-strips with clean edges.
5. Recently, India has jumped 12 places to 40th rank globally in travel and tourism competitiveness list. Which organisation establishes this ranking?
a. World Bank
b. World Economic Forum
c. World trade organisation
d. International Monetary Fund
The World Economic Forum has engaged leaders in travel and tourism to carry out an in-depth analysis of the Travel and Tourism competitiveness of 136 economies across the world.
The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index measures “the set of factors and policies that enable the sustainable development of the travel and tourism sector, which in turn, contributes to the development and competitiveness of a country”.
The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index enables all stakeholders to work together to improve the industry’s competitiveness in their national economies.
The theme of this edition is “Paving the Way for a More Sustainable and Inclusive Future”, reflects the increasing focus on ensuring the industry’s sustained growth in an uncertain security environment while preserving the natural environment and local communities on which it so richly depends.