Current affairs and issues on the latest political, economic and social structure of the nation form the core part of the IAS exam. In IAS prelims exam, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be given priority.
We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.
1. GSLV-F09 has recently launched the South Asia Satellite GSAT-9. Consider the following statement regarding the GSLV vehicle:
1) The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle was primarily developed to launch INSAT class of satellites
2) GSLV basically launches INSAT into the Low Earth Orbit.
3) GSLV-F09 has launched the South Asia Satellite GSAT-9 into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
Choose the correct statement(s):
a. Only 1
b. 1 and 3
c. 1 and 2
d. 2 and 3
The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle was primarily developed to launch INSAT class of satellites into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbits. GSLV is being used for launching GSAT series of satellites. GSLV is a three-stage launcher that uses one solid rocket motor stage, one Earth-storable liquid stage and one cryogenic stage.
GSLV had launched various communication satellites among which EDUSAT is notable, being India's first satellite built exclusively to serve the educational sector through satellite based distance education.
GSLV's primary payloads are INSAT class of communication satellites that operate from geostationary orbits and hence are placed in Geosynchronous Transfer Orbits by GSLV. Further, GSLV's capability of placing up to 5 tonnes in Low Earth Orbits broadens the scope of payloads from heavy satellites to multiple smaller satellites.
2. The eVIN Project of the Health Ministry has become the global best practice in immunisation. Consider the following statements regarding the eVIN project:
1) eVIN (Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network) is an indigenously developed technology system in India that digitises vaccine stocks.
2) eVIN aims to support the Government of India’s Universal Immunization Programme.
3) The innovative eVIN is presently being implemented across all the states in India.
Which of the above statement is correct?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3
eVIN (Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network) is an indigenously developed technology system in India that digitises vaccine stocks and monitors the temperature of the cold chain through a smartphone application. The innovative eVIN is presently being implemented called across twelve states in India.
eVIN aims to support the Government of India’s Universal Immunization Programme. The technological innovation is implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
eVIN aims to strengthen the evidence base for improved policy-making in vaccine delivery, procurement and planning for new antigens in India. eVIN provides an integrated solution to address widespread inequities in vaccine coverage by supporting state governments in overcoming constraints of infrastructure, monitoring and management information systems and human resources, often resulting in overstocking and stock-outs of vaccines in storage centres.
3. India ranks at 136 in the recent World Press Freedom Index for the year 2017. Which organisation or institute releases this Index?
a. BBC- International
b. World Wide News
c. Reporters Without Borders
d. None of the above
The Press Freedom Index is an annual ranking of countries compiled and published by Reporters Without Borders (RWB) based upon the organisation's own assessment of the countries' press freedom records in the previous year. It intends to reflect the degree of freedom that journalists, news organisations, and netizens have in each country, and the efforts made by authorities to respect this freedom.
Reporters Without Borders is careful to note that the index only deals with press freedom and does not measure the quality of journalism nor does it look at human rights violations in general.
• The report is partly based on a questionnaire which asks questions about pluralism, media independence, environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency, and infrastructure.
• The questionnaire takes account of the legal framework for the media and the level of independence of the public media.
• It also includes violations of the free flow of information on the Internet.
• Violence against journalists, netizens, and media assistants, including abuses attributable to the state, armed militias, clandestine organisations or pressure groups, are monitored by RSF staff during the year and are also part of the final score.
• A smaller score on the report corresponds to greater freedom of the press as reported by the organisation.
4. Consider the following statement regarding the Kambala Sport, often seen in news:
1) Kambala is an annual Buffalo Race held traditionally under the sponsorship of local landlords.
2) Kambala takes place in the coastal region of Tamil Naidu.
Choose the correct statement(s):
a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Kambala is traditionally a simple sport which essentially, to entertain rural people of the area. The 'track' used for Kambala is a slushy paddy field. The contest generally takes place between two pairs of buffaloes, each pair race in wet rice fields, controlled by a whip-lashing farmer. Historically, the winning pair of buffaloes was rewarded with coconuts and bananas. Today, gold coins, silver coins are given; in some competitions, cash award is also popular.
Kambala is an annual Buffalo Race held traditionally under the sponsorship of local landlords and households, in coastal Karnataka, India. The Kambala season generally starts in November and lasts until March. Of late, Kambala Samithis are formed to arranged Kambala in a systematic way and 18 kambalas are being held under the banner of Kambala Samithi (Kambala Association). Currently, more than 45 races are held annually in Coastal Karnataka, including smaller remote villages like Vandaru, Gulvadi etc.
5. Which of the following Indian entity doesn’t have a GI Tag?
a. Darjeeling Tea
b. Mathura Peda
c. Banganapalle mango
d. All of the above
GI is covered under the Intellectual Property Rights and the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. A GI tag certifies the origin of a product or produces from a particular region of the quality or other features of the product are attributable only to the place of its origin. The tag helps farmers or manufacturers, as the case may be, to get a better price in the market.
Recently, the succulent Banganapalle mango has received a Geographical Indication (GI) tag, making Andhra Pradesh the proprietor of the variety known for its sweetness. The Andhra Pradesh government is the registered proprietor of the GI tag for mangoes, often hailed as “the king of fruits.” A GI tag indicates that the product comes from a specific region.
Banganapalle mangoes have been grown for over 100 years in the State. It also is known as Beneshan, Baneshan, Benishan, Chappatai and Safeda. Besides, they are also called Banaganapalli, Banginapalli, Banaganapalle. The fruits can retain their quality for cold storage even up to three months.
The prominent characteristic of Banganapalle mangoes is that their skin has very light spots, the stone is oblong in shape and has very thin seed with sparse and soft fibre all over. The primary centre of origin of the fruit is Kurnool district comprising Banaganapalle, Paanyam and Nandyal mandals.