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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: September 2016 Questions III

Sep 12, 2016 14:12 IST

    Current Affairs should be given priority in the IAS Preparation. Current Affairs section of the IAS Syllabus is the most dynamic section and is requires a daily update in the whole IAS Preparation. IAS Preparation is the evolution of the perspective. It requires the macro analysis of the current affairs topics which affects the Socio-Economic condition of the nation. Here are some more Current Affairs based questions for September 2017.

    Q1. The world celebrated the 50th World Literacy Day on 8th September 2016.Consider the following statements regarding Census 2011 data on literacy in India.

    1. As per the latest Census 2011 report, the illiteracy rate in India is 22 per cent.
    2. Kerala is the most literate state followed by Lakshadweep.
    3. Bihar and Telangana have the lowest literacy below 50%

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    a) Only 1
    b) 2 and 3
    c) 1 and 2
    d) Only 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    No state in India has a literacy rate below 50%. So statement 3 is wrong.
    1. Indian literacy rate has grown to 74.04% from 12% at the end of British rule in 1947.
    2. Despite government programmes, India's literacy rate increased only "sluggishly". The 2011 census, however, indicated a 2001–2011 decadal literacy growth of 9.2%, which is slower than the growth seen during the previous decade.
    3. There is a wide gender disparity in the literacy rate in India i.e. 82.14% for men and 65.46% for women.
    4. The census provided a positive indication that growth in female literacy rates (11.8%) was substantially faster than in male literacy rates (6.9%) in the 2001–2011 decadal period.
     

    Q2. Recently, an ever-lasting dispute of Cauvery river water between Tamil Naidu and Karnataka has been creating a huddle to local governance in the region. Consider the following provisions provided in the constitution to dissolve inter-state water dispute.

    1. The Inter-State Water Disputes Act empowers the Central government to set up an ad hoc tribunal for the adjudication of a dispute between two or more states in relation to the waters of an inter-state river or river valley.

    2. The decision of the tribunal would be final and binding on the parties to the dispute. The Supreme Court will have jurisdiction in respect of any water dispute which may be referred to such a tribunal under this Act.

    Choose the correct statements?

    a) Only 1
    b) Only 2
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:


    Article 262
    of the Constitution provides for the adjudication of inter-state water disputes. It makes two provisions:

    (i) Parliament may by law provide for the adjudication of any dispute or complaint with respect to the use, distribution and control of waters of any inter-state river and river valley.
    (ii)Parliament may also provide that neither the Supreme Court nor any other court is to exercise jurisdiction in respect of any such dispute or complaint.

    The Inter-State Water Disputes Act empowers the Central government to set up an ad hoc tribunal for the adjudication of a dispute between two or more states in relation to the waters of an inter-state river or river valley. The decision of the tribunal would be final and binding on the parties to the
    dispute. Neither the Supreme Court nor any other court is to have jurisdiction in respect of any water dispute which may be referred to such a tribunal under this Act.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: September 2016 Questions II

    Q3. With reference to the term ‘Nordic countries’ often seen in news. Which of the following countries are the part of Nordic council?

    a) India ,Denmark, Finland, Iceland
    b) Denmark, Finland ,USA, Russia
    c)  Iceland, Finland, USA, Russia
    d) Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Iceland

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Nordic Council is a inter-governmental forum for co-operation between the Nordic countries formed after the Second World War .One of the instrumental agreement was the introduction of a common labor market and free movement across borders without passports for the countries' citizens.
    The countries that make up this council are Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden as well as the three autonomous territories, the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland.
    These countries cooperate with each other on aspects like research, welfare, economic growth and culture. This cooperation and united front has just translated into success for these countries. It has also given them a very strategic position in the world.
    The combined wealth of these Nordic countries is higher than some of the highest earning countries, which makes it and intimidating presence in Europe and the rest of the world.
    A corporation with the countries of arctic and Nordic council is important for India’s energy security needs in the Arctic Circle.

    Q4. The IUCN World Conservation Conference (WCC) was concluded on the 10th of September 2016.Consider the following statements regarding the IUCN.

    1. The best known publication of IUCN is the RED List which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide.
    2. IUCN organizes the energy conservation event ‘Earth Hour’ held annually in March worldwide.

    Choose the correct statement?

    a) Only 1
    b) Only 2
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The IUCN is an international organization operational in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It tries to persuade the actions of governments, business and other stakeholders by providing information and advice, and through lobbying and partnerships.
    The organization is best known to the wider public for compiling and publishing the IUCN Red List, which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide. IUCN has widened its focus to incorporate issues related to gender equality, poverty alleviation and sustainable development.
    Earth Hour is a worldwide movement organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). The event is held annually encouraging all communities to turn off their non-essential lights for one hour, from 8:30 to 9:30 p.m. towards the end of March, as a symbol for their commitment to the planet. It was famously started as a lights-off event in Sydney, Australia, in 2007. Since then, it has grown to engage more than 7000 cities and towns worldwide. Today, Earth Hour engages a massive mainstream community on a broad range of environmental and sustainable development issues.

    Q5. Recently, ISRO has signaled to clear space road to launch India’s second mission to moon ‘Chandrayaan II .Consider the following statements:

    1. It is planned to be launched into the Earth Parking Orbit (EPO) by GSLV-Mk II.
    2. The rover will move on the lunar surface and will pick up soil or rock samples for analysis. The data will be relayed to Earth through the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter.

    Choose the correct statements

    a) Only 1
    b) Only 2
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) None of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:


    Chandrayaan II consists of an Orbiter, Lander and Rover configuration. It is planned to be launched as a composite stack into the Earth Parking Orbit (EPO) of 170 X 18,500 km by GSLV-Mk II. The Orbiter carries the combined stack up to moon till the Lunar Orbit Insertion (LOI). The combined stack is then inserted into a lunar orbit of 100 km x 100 km. The Lander is separated from the Orbiter in this orbit.

    The Orbiter with scientific payloads will orbit around the moon. The Lander will soft land on the Moon at a specified site and deploy the Rover. The scientific payloads onboard the Orbiter, Lander and Rover are expected to perform mineralogical and elemental studies of the lunar surface.
    During 2010, it was agreed that Russian Space Agency ROSCOSMOS would be responsible for lunar Lander and ISRO will be responsible for Orbiter and Rover as well as Launch by GSLV.
    Later, due to a shift in the programmatic alignment of this mission, it was decided that the Lunar Lander development would be done by ISRO and Chandrayaan-2 will be totally an Indian mission.

    Q6. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Majuli’ island often seen in news.

    1. Mujuli is World’s largest river island included in the Guinness book of world records.
    2. Majuli became 35th district of Meghalaya and first island district of India.
    3. It was formed due to change of course by the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries, mainly the Lohit.

    Choose the correct statements?

    a) Only 1
    b) 1 and 3
    c) All of the above
    d) None of the above

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Majuli is recognized by Guinness Book of World Records as World's Largest River Island. The island is formed by the Brahmaputra river in the south and the Kherkutia Xuti, a branch of the Brahmaputra, joined by the Subansiri River in the north. It was formed due to course changes by the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries, mainly the  Lohit.
    Mājuli is 1st island district of the India. The island had a total area of 1,250 square kilometers but it has shrunk significantly due to erosion mainly as the river surrounding it has grown.

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