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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: January 2017 Questions I

Jan 3, 2017 17:00 IST

    Cuurent events quiz

    Better preparation of Current Affairs could play a major role in scoring better in IAS Prelims as well as in the IAS Mains Exam. Solving Current Affairs Questions requires a deep consolidation and fundamental knowledge of the Current issues.

    Current Issues and Events

    Current affairs form the cornerstone of IAS Preparation. Looking at the immense importance given to current events in UPSC IAS PRELIMS, we are providing some important questions based on current affairs.

    Current Affairs quiz December 2016

    1. The government comfortably met the 1.5 core target for LPG connections to be added in this financial year under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY). Consider the following statements in this regard:

    1) Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana aims to provide LPG connections to BPL households in the country.
    2) The connections under the scheme will be given in the name of men of the households.
    3) The scheme provides a financial support of Rs. 1600 for each LPG connection to the eligible BPL households.

    Choose the correct statements:

    a. Only 2
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 1 and 3
    d. All of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana is an ambitious social welfare scheme of Government of India launched in 2016 and it aims to provide LPG connections to BPL households in the country. The scheme is aimed at replacing the unclean cooking fuels, mostly used in the rural India with cleaner and more efficient LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas).

    The main mantra of this scheme is Swacch Indhan, Better Jeevan – Mahilaon ko mila samman. On the national level, 5 crore LPG connections will be provided in the next 3 years to eligible BPL households. The scheme provides a financial support of Rs. 1600 for each LPG connection to the eligible BPL households.
    The connections under the scheme will be given in the name of women head of the households. The OMCs will provide an EMI facility for meeting the cost of the stove and the first refill.

    The main Objectives of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana are as follows:

    • Empowering women and protecting their health.
    • Reducing the serious health hazards associated with cooking based on fossil fuel.
    • Reducing the number of deaths in India due to unclean cooking fuel.
    • Preventing young children from a significant number of acute respiratory illnesses caused due to indoor air pollution by burning the fossil fuel.

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    2. Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment has launched ‘Mobile App and Facebook Page’ of ‘National Trust’ on its Foundation Day’. Consider the following statements regarding the National Trust:

    1) The National Trust is a Statutory Body under Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.
    2) The objectives set before National trust is to collect funds for utilisation of new technologies in the country.

    Choose the correct statements:

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c.  Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Ministry for Social Justice and Empowerment launched the ‘Mobile App and Facebook Page’ of the National Trust to mark the ‘National Trust Foundation Day’ on the theme “Celebrating Inclusion”. The objective of this launch was to create awareness amongst various professionals and stakeholders and also the creation of support network for these persons with disabilities by sensitising unreached section of society.

    The National Trust is a Statutory Body under the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan), Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment. The National Trust Act for the welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities was passed in the

    Parliament on 30th December 1999. Thus-30th December- the Foundation Day of National Trust- is a day on which National Trust re-commits itself to the objectives set before it for the welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities.

    The National Trust has been set up to discharge two basic duties – legal and welfare.

    • Legal duties are discharged through Local Level Committee (LLC) set up at district level under the chairmanship of the District Collector / District Magistrate and providing legal guardianship.

    • The schemes and activities of the National Trust inter-alia include training, awareness and capacity building programmes and shelter, Caregiving and empowerment.

    • The National Trust is implementing 10 schemes for the overall development of persons with disabilities which have been revised and launched last year.

    3.    Which is the recently found one of the universe's biggest super clusters of galaxies near the Milky Way?

    a.    Virgo Supercluster
    b.    Laniakea Supercluster
    c.    Vela super cluster
    d.    Hydra-Centaurus Supercluster

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Vela super cluster had previously gone undetected as it was hidden by stars and dust in the Milky Way but now is found to have a huge mass that influenced the motion of our galaxy. This is one of the biggest concentrations of galaxies in the universe - possibly the biggest in the neighbourhood of our galaxy. The gravity of the Vela supercluster may explain the difference between the measured motion of the Milky Way through space and the motion predicted from the distribution of previously mapped galaxies.

    Galaxies are grouped into clusters instead of being dispersed randomly. Clusters of galaxies, in turn, are grouped together to form superclusters. Typically, superclusters contain dozens of individual clusters throughout an area of space about 150 million light-years across.

    A Supercluster is a large group of smaller galaxy clusters or galaxy groups, which is among the largest known structures of the cosmos. The Milky Way is part of the Local Group galaxy cluster, which in turn is part of the Laniakea Supercluster.

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    4. Consider the following statements regarding the recently approved Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism Affected Areas:

    1) The project will be implemented as a vertical under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY).
    2) Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
    3) Ministry of Urban Development will be the sponsoring Ministry as well as the implementing Ministry of this project.

    Choose the correct statement(s):

    a. Only 1
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 3 and 1
    d.1 and 2

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Cabinet has approved a Centrally Sponsored Scheme namely "Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism (LWE) Affected Areas" to improve the rural road connectivity in the worst LWE affected districts from a security angle.

    The project will be implemented as a vertical under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) to provide connectivity with necessary culverts and cross-drainage structures in 44 worst affected LWE districts and adjoining districts, critical from security and communication point of view.  Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched on 25th December 2000 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with the objective to provide all-weather road connectivity to all eligible unconnected habitations in rural areas of the country.

    Ministry of Rural Development will be the sponsoring Ministry as well as the implementing Ministry of this project. The "Road Connectivity Project for LWE Affected Areas" is envisaged in LWE States, including the 35 worst affected LWE districts which account for 90% of total LWE violence in the country and 9 adjoining districts critical from security angle as per the inputs and lists of roads/districts provided by the Ministry of Home Affairs.

    5. Which statement is a correct reason for adding a Leap Second in standard time?

    a. To synchronise clocks worldwide with the Earth's ever slowing rotation.
    b. To synchronise clocks worldwide with the Earth's ever increasing revolution.
    c. To synchronise clocks of both sides of the International Date Line with clocks worldwide.
    d. None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    A “Leap Second” is added every now and then to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) in order to synchronise clocks worldwide with the Earth's ever slowing rotation. UTC consists of a time scale that combines the output of more than 300 highly precise Atomic clocks worldwide, including the one at CSIR-NPL (India).

    Atomic clocks are very accurate and are stable within 1 second over a period of millions of years. On the other hand, the Astronomical Time is known as Universal Time (UT1) refers to the Earth's rotation around its own axis and determines the length of a day.

    However, the Earth's rotation around its own axis is not regular, as sometimes it speeds up and sometimes it slows down, due to various factors, including the moon’s gravitational Earth-braking forces that often results in ocean tides.

    As a result, Astronomical Time (UT1) gradually falls out of synch with Atomic time (UTC), and as and when the difference between UTC and UT1 approaches 0.9 seconds, a “Leap Second” is added to UTC through Atomic clocks worldwide.

    Since 1972, 36 “Leap Seconds” have been added at intervals varying from six months to seven years. 37th “Leap Second” will be added to UTC at the midnight of December 31, 2016, in the countries within this time zone. However, countries in other time zones will have “Leap Second” inserted according to their longitude.

    In India the “Leap Second” will be inserted at IST 05:29:59 on January 1, 2017 (IST being five hours and thirty minutes ahead of UTC). In order to follow IST, the clocks need to be adjusted after the insertion of “Leap Second”.
    Those utilising CSIR-NPL time dissemination services (NTP, Teleclock etc.) need not worry as they will receive the corrected time post the insertion of “Leap Second”.

    The “Leap Second” adjustment is not so relevant for normal everyday life; however, this shift is critical for applications requiring of time accuracies in the nanosecond e.g. astronomy, satellite navigation, communication networks etc.

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    6. Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) has recently cleared major 6 FDI proposals in the country. Which of the following statements regarding the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) is true?

    a. The Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) is responsible for the processing of FDI proposals and making recommendations for Government approval.
    b. The Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB), housed in the ministry of commerce.
    c. The sectors under automatic route may also require any prior approval from FIPB.
    d. All of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB), housed in the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, is an inter-ministerial body, responsible for the processing of FDI proposals and making recommendations for Government approval.

    The extant FDI Policy, Press Notes and other related notified guidelines formulated by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry are the bases of the FIPB decisions. In the process of making recommendations, the FIPB provides significant inputs for FDI policy-making.

    The Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) offers a single window clearance for applications on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India that are under the approval route. The sectors under automatic route do not require any prior approval from FIPB and are subject to only sectoral laws.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

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