There are a variety of ways to enhance vocabulary. Either read through wide reading of books and understand the use of context or use a dictionary to decode words and infer word meanings. Here is a passage taken from newspaper ‘The Times of India (dated January 11th, 2017). Tough words are highlighted so that you can classify and apprehend how they are applied in a sentence. These difficult words have been explained at the end of the passage with their synonyms and antonyms and how they can be used in a sentence. All the best!
Article: Dhoni says he will continue to hit sixes if they are to be hit
Mahendra Singh Dhoni has offered words of comfort to his die-hard fans, still coming to terms with his decision to sign off as India captain, with an assurance that he would continue to play the aggressive brand of cricket that made him what he is today.
Having relinquished limited overs captaincy after leading India to two World Cup triumphs during an eventful tenure that spanned nearly a decade, Dhoni captained the Men in Blue for one last time in a warm-up game against England last night.
The perfect finish may have eluded him, as his team lost by three wickets, but Dhoni, in a video chat with Yuvraj Singh, assured that he would continue to hit those trademark sixes if they are to be hit.
"If they bowl in my areas, the right areas and the situation permits I would look to hit sixes," Dhoni told long-time teammate Yuvraj.
Dhoni's stint at the helm had more ups than downs, and he called it amazing.
"The journey has been good, fantastic... It's good to have players like you (looking at Yuvraj), the job becomes much more easier. And enjoyed my 10 years, hopefully I will enjoy more whatever I have."
Referring to Yuvraj's six consecutive sixes in the inaugural World T20, Dhoni said, "Thanks to you I witnessed the six sixes from the best seat."
Dhoni was at the non-striker's end while Yuvraj bludgeoned Stuart Broad.
Yuvraj posted the video on social media after the match got over in which he asked a couple of very interesting questions to Dhoni, who answered each question in his typical manner.
Paying a tribute to his former skipper, Yuvraj said, "You have been one of the best captains ever. It's been amazing playing under you, winning three big championships, the World Cup and being the number one Test team in the world under you.
"Thanks for giving me the opportunity to go and slog as always.
1. Relinquished (Verb) (त्याग): is to give up.
Synonym: Abandon, abdicate, forbear, forsake
Antonym: Allow, defend, retain, revert
Sentence: One should not relinquish the hopes of getting better prospects in life.
2. Triumphs (noun/verb) (जीत): refers to achieving something or an achievement out of extreme happiness out of achieving something.
Synonym: Celebration, elation, jubilance, merriment
Antonym: Disaster, forfeit, sorrow, sadness
Sentence: I do not come to triumph over you by raising my voice against you or insulting you.
3. Spanned (verb) (फैला): refers to extending something from side to side or extending across.
Synonym: Extend, traverse, arch, bridge
Antonym: Disconnect, compress, concentrate, shorten
Sentence: Queen Elizabeth and her family have ruled the British monarchy that spanned over several years.
4. Eluded (verb) (पलायन): is to get away or to keep away from something.
Synonym: Baffle, dodge, evade, outwit
Antonym: Abet, clarify, enlighten, explain
Sentence: Sleep eluded her eyes due to her depression.
5. Helm (noun/verb) (संचालन): is the handle or a wheel which controls the direction in which a ship travels.
Synonym: Command, control, reins, rudder
Sentence: He handled the helm himself as hedosen’t believe on anybody else.
6. Consecutive (adjective) (लगातार): refers to following closely or back to back.
Synonym: Successive, chronological, sequential, running
Antonym: Broken, discontinuous, infrequent, intermittent
Sentence: The Gandhi family has ruled the world of politics consecutively.
7. Inaugural (adjective/noun) (उद्घाटन): is to initiate or inaugurate something.
Synonym: Admission, baptism, commencement, debut
Antonym: Completion, expulsion, ending, finish
Sentence: His inaugural speech was applauded by all and sundry present in the function.
8. Bludgeoned (verb) (मारना): is to beat or hit someone repeatedly with a hard object.
Synonym: Harass, bluster, browbeat, coerce
Antonym: Build, alleviate, boost, delight
Sentence: He had been bludgeoned in the savage manner possible.
9. Tribute (noun) (श्रद्धांजलि): refers to something which you say, write or give that shows a sign of respect or admiration for someone.
Synonym: Accolade, eulogy, honor, commendation
Antonym: Censure, condemnation, denunciation, disrespect
Sentence: We should pay our humble tribute to all the brave soldiers who lost their lives in order to save us from terrorists.
10. Slog (verb/noun) (आगे बढ़ना): is to work hard over a long period of time.
Synonym: Lumber, toil, trudge, flounder
Antonym: Repose, bask, idle, dillydally
Sentence: He has slogged hard to climb those corporate ladders.
Question (1-5): Answer the following as directed
1. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘die-hard’(मुश्किल से छूटनेवाला)
Solution: Option (1)
Explanation: The given word refers to a person(s) who possess extreme or absolute loyalty even if they are facing defeat. So, from the given options, option (1) is a right choice as the synonym of the word.
2. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘assurance’ (बीमा)
Solution: Option (3)
Explanation: The given word means to provide guaranty or surety. Hence, from the given options, option (3) is the correct choice as the synonym of the word.
3. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘aggressive’ (आक्रामक)
Solution: Option (3)
Explanation: The given word refers to be ready or likely to attack someone. So, from the given options, option (3) is an apt choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.
4. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘warm-up’(जोशमेंआना)
Solution: Option (4)
Explanation: The given word depicts to the state before work-out or a mental preparation for attaining something. Among the given options, option (4) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.
5. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘eventful’(घटनेवाला)
Solution: Option (2)
Explanation: The given word refers to something which is a matter of significance. Hence, option (2) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.
Word of the Day
Meaning (English) – is a temporary change from the typical or usual way of behaving.
Meaning (Hindi) – विपथन
Synonyms – Oddity, delusion
Antonyms – Conformity, regularity
Example – He smiled at my aberration.
उदाहरण – उन्होंने कहा कि मेरे विपथन पर मेहरबान है।