1. Home
  2. |  
  3. Civil Services |  

GS Economy Questions for IAS Prelims Exam - Agriculture II

Oct 3, 2016 15:05 IST

    From UPSC IAS Examination point of view, the Questions based on Indian Economy are very important. The UPSC IAS Exam aspirants must be aware of the every perspective of Indian Economy either it is historical perspective or current perspective.

    1.    Which of the following sectors of Indian economy comes under the most liberated private sector?
    a.    Industrial Sector
    b.    Agriculture Sector
    c.    Service Sector
    d.    None of the above

    Answer: b

    Explanation:


    Agriculture is not only the biggest sector of the economy but also the most free private sector, too. It is the only profession which still carries no burden of individual income tax.

    Agriculture sector is the biggest unorganised sector of the economy accounting for more than 90 per cent share in the total unorganised labour-force (93 per cent of the total labour force of the economy i.e. 39.7 crores is employed in the unorganised sector).

    2.    The Green Revolution was based on the timely and adequate supply of many inputs/components, which of the following was/were components of Green Revolution in India?
    a.    The HYV Seeds
    b.    The Chemical Fertilisers
    c.    The Irrigation
    d.    All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:


    The Green Revolution was based on the timely and adequate supply of many inputs/components. The components of the Green Revolution and a brief introduction follows:

    •    The HYV Seeds

    •    The Chemical Fertilisers

    •    The Irrigation

    •    Chemical Pesticides and Germicides

    •    Chemical Herbicides and Weedicides

    •    Credit Storages, Marketing/Distribution

    GS Economy Questions for IAS Exam - Agriculture I

    3.    Consider the following statements regarding special features of Agriculture sector:
    I.    The contribution of agriculture and allied sectors (including agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishery) was 15.35 per cent of the Gross Value Added (GVA) during 2015-16 at 2011-12 prices.
    II.    In the fiscal 1950–51 agriculture accounted for 55.4 per cent in the GDP.
    III.    More than 58 per cent of the rural households depend on agriculture as their primary means of livelihood.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    I and II
    c.    I and III
    d.    All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:


    Agriculture remains the most important sector of the Indian economy whether it is the pre-independence or the post-independence period. Over 58% of the rural households depend on agriculture as their primary means of livelihood. Agriculture, along with fisheries and forestry, is one of the largest contributors to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

    According to the estimates by the Central Statistics Office (CSO), the share of agriculture and allied sectors (including agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishery) was 15.35 per cent of the Gross Value Added (GVA) during 2015-16 at 2011-12 prices.

    4.    Consider the following statements regarding the Socio-economic impact of Green Revolution in India:
    I.    Food production increased in such a way (wheat in 1960s and rice, too by 1970s) that many countries became self-sufficient and some even emerged as food exporting countries too.
    II.    The discrepancy in farmers’ income it brought with itself increased the inter-personal as well as inter-regional disparities/inequalities in India.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    Only II
    c.    Both I and II
    d.    Neither I nor II

    Answer: c

    Explanation:


    Food production increased in such a way (wheat in 1960s and rice, too by 1970s) that many countries became self-sufficient (self sufficiency of food must not be confused with the idea of food security!) and some even emerged as food exporting countries too.

    But the discrepancy in farmers’ income it brought with itself increased the inter-personal as well as inter-regional disparities/inequalities in India. Rise in the incidence of malaria due to water logging, a swing in the balanced cropping patterns in favour of wheat and rice putting pulses, oilseeds, maize, barley on the margins, etc. were the negative impacts.

    5.    Consider the following statements regarding the Ecological impact of Green Revolution in India:
    I.    Soil fertility being degraded (due to the repetitive kind of cropping pattern being followed by the farmers as well as the excessive exploitation of the land; lack of a suitable crop combination and the crop intensity.
    II.    Water table falling down (as the new HYV seeds required comparatively very high amount of water for irrigation—5 tonnes of water needed to produce 1 kg of rice.
    III.    Environmental degradation due to excessive and uncontrolled use of chemical fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides have degraded the environment by increasing pollution levels in land, water and air.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    I and II
    c.    I and III
    d.    All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:


    The most devastating negative impact of the GR had been the ecological one. When the issues related with it were raised by the media, scholars, experts and the environmentalists, neither the governments nor the masses (what to say of the farmers of the GR region! they were not educated enough to the side effects of the inputs of the GR!) were convinced.

    But a time came when the government and the government agencies both started doing studies and surveys focused around the ecological and environmental issues like Critical Ecological Crisis and Toxic Level in Food Chain

    6.    After Green Revolution, the toxic level in food chain in India has:
    a.    Increased
    b.    Decreased
    c.    Maintained at a certain point
    d.    None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:


    Toxic level in the food chain of India has increased to such a high level that nothing produced in India is fit for human consumption.

    Basically, unbridled use of chemical pesticides and weedicides and their industrial production combined together had polluted the land, water and air to such an alarmingly high level that the whole food chain had been a prey of high toxicity.

    7.    Consider the following statements regarding Green Revolution lead degradation of environment:
    I.    Environmental degradation due to excessive and uncontrolled use of chemical fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides have degraded the environment by increasing pollution
    II.    After effects of Green Revolution lead to degrade the environment by increasing pollution levels in land, water and air simultaneously.
        
    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    Only II
    c.    Both I and II
    d.    Neither I nor II

    Answer: c

    Explanation:


    Environmental degradation due to excessive and uncontrolled use of chemical fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides have degraded the environment by increasing pollution levels in land, water and air. In India it is more due to deforestation and extension of cultivation in ecologically fragile areas. At the same time, there is an excessive pressure of animals on forests—mainly by goats and sheeps.

    Click here for GS Economy Study Material

    Latest Videos

    Register to get FREE updates

      All Fields Mandatory
    • (Ex:9123456789)
    • Please Select Your Interest
    • Please specify

    • ajax-loader
    • A verifcation code has been sent to
      your mobile number

      Please enter the verification code below

    This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK
    X

    Register to view Complete PDF