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IAS Prelims 2014: Importance of Indian Geography

Feb 27, 2014 11:42 IST

    The IAS Prelims 2014 exam is going to be notified on 17 May 2014 by the Union Public Service Commission. The Prelims exam will be conducted on 24 August 2014, and will consist of two papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II. Indian Geography forms an important component of the Syllabus for IAS Preliminary exam. Let us see how.


    The exam pattern has been changing and evolving over the years, but Indian Geography section has maintained its importance throughout this period. There are various reasons why this section is so important.

    •    The candidates aspiring to become civil servants need to know about their country’s Natural Resources and their distribution so that they can know what are the strengths and weaknesses of the area, and work accordingly for the development of the area.
    •    It is important to know about the Physiography and Topography of the area where a person has to serve.
    •    The civil servant needs to know about the demographic features of the country and various states in order to work for eliminating the weaknesses.
    •    The knowledge of Climate and Agriculture are important for a civil servant in order to make and modify the related policies.
    •    It is important to have the knowledge of the forests and vegetation in order to devise the policies for the same.
    •    Knowledge of the Geography of our country helps understand the people, their habits, their culture etc. This is very important for a civil servant in order to ensure that the policies are in conformation of the people’s attitude and culture.

    Indian Geography section is highly important for the IAS Prelims exam as 5-6 questions are asked almost every year in the exam from this section. This makes it a very essential and focal part of IAS Prelims preparation.

    Candidates can clear their exam related doubts and queries on of Myjosh.

    Some previous years’ questions:

    Q. A particular State in India has the following characteristics:
    1. It is located on the same latitude which passes through northern Rajasthan.
    2. It has over 80% of its area under forest cover.
    3. Over 12% of forest cover constitutes Protected Areas Network in this State.
    Which one among the following States has all the above characteristics?
    (a) Arunachal Pradesh
    (b) Assam
    (c) Himachal Pradesh
    (d) Uttarakhand
    Answer: a

    Q. Consider the following crops of India:
    1. Groundnut
    2. Sesamum
    3. Pearl millet
    Which of the above is/are predominantly rainfed crop/crops?
    (a) 1 and 2 only
    (b) 2 and 3 only
    (c) 3 only
    (d) 1, 2 and 3
    Answer: d

    Q. The Brahmaputra, Irrawady and Mekong rivers originate in Tibet and flow it through narrow and parallel mountain ranges in their upper reaches. Of these rivers, Brahmaputra makes a "U" turn in its course to flow into India. This "U" turn is due to
    (a) Uplift of folded Himalayan series
    (b) Syntaxial bending of geologically young Himalayas     
    (c) Geo-tectonic disturbance in the  tertiary folded mountain chains     
    (d) Both (a) and (b) above
    Answer: d

    Q. Consider the following pairs
    National Park                   River flowing through the Park
    1. Corbett National Park : Ganga
    2. Kaziranga National Park : Manas
    3. Silent Valley National Park : Kaveri
    Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
    (a) 1 and 2
    (b)3 only
    (c) 1 and 3
    (d) None
    Answer: d

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