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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 9 February 2018

Feb 9, 2018 15:04 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 9 February 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 9 February 2018

    The IAS aspirants should study current affairs for IAS on a daily basis so that they can cover all the important topics for IAS Exam. The significance of current affairs in terms of IAS Exam is very high and the questions based on the current affairs can be asked at every stage of IAS Exam.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    Here, we have provided important current affairs for the IAS Prelims Exam 2018. The IAS aspirants must practice such questions during IAS preparation.

    1. Recently, the Government has approved the construction of 1, 86,777 more affordable houses for the benefit of urban poor under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban). Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The approval was given in the 30th meeting of the Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee in its meeting held on 7 February 2018.
    2. Gujarat has been sanctioned more number of affordable houses out of recently sanctioned 1, 86,777 affordable houses under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban).

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Ministry of Housing & UrbanAffairshas approved the construction of 1,86,777 more affordable houses for the benefit of urban poor under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) with an investment of Rs.11,169cr with central assistance of Rs. 2,797 cr. The approval was given in the 30th meeting of the Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee in its meeting held here yesterday.

    Haryana has been sanctioned 53,290 houses in 38 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.4,322cr with central assistance of Rs.799 cr. Tamil Nadu got 40,623 houses in 65 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.2,314cr and central assistance of Rs.609 cr. Karnataka has been sanctioned 32,656 affordable houses in 95 cities with an investment of Rs.1,461cr and central assistance of Rs.490 cr. Gujarat has been sanctioned 15,584 houses in 45 cities and towns with an investment of Rs. 946cr with central assistance of Rs.234 cr.  Maharashtra has been sanctioned 12,123 houses in 13 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.868cr with central assistance of Rs.182 cr.  Kerala has been sanctioned 9,461 houses in 52 cities with an investment of Rs.284 cr. with central assistance of Rs.142 crores. Uttarakhand has been sanctioned 6,226 houses in 57 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.258 cr. with central assistance of Rs.93 Cr., Orissa got 5,133 houses in 26 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.156 cr. with central assistance of Rs.77 Cr.

    IAS Topper 2016 Rank 3 Jasmeet Singh Sandhu Video for Prelims strategy

    2. Consider the following statements regarding Government's initiatives to make school education qualitative:
    1. Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat was launched in 2014 to ensure that students of classes I & II are able to read with comprehension as well as basic numeracy skills.
    2. Shaala Siddhi is a comprehensive instrument for school evaluation leading to school improvement, which was launched in November 2015.
    3. Distribution of tablets preloaded with relevant e-content in Kendriya Vidyalayas has been started on a pilot basis to connect students and their teachers for effective learning.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Central Government has been consistently pursuing the matter of expeditious recruitment and redeployment of teachers and to implement norms of the RTE Act 2009 with the States and UTs at various forums. Advisories have also been issued to States and UTs from time to time to implement the norms of the RTE Act and for the redeployment of teachers to ensure that all school teachers should spend adequate time serving in rural areas through a transparent policy. Further, the Government has initiated the following steps to make school education qualitative:

    • Shagun portal has been launched to create a repository of best practices in school education and to monitor the implementation of SSA;
    • Swachh Vidyalaya Campaign for the provisions of separate toilets for girls and boys in every school;
    • Swachh Vidyalaya Puraskar was instituted from 2016-17 at District, State and national level as the next step to Swachh Vidyalaya initiative;
    • Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat was launched in 2014 to ensure that students of classes I & II are able to read with comprehension as well as basic numeracy skills;
    • Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan was launched in 2015 to motivate children of the age- group of 6-18 years in study of Science, Mathematics and technology;
    • The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act has been amended in February 2017 to include reference on class-wise, subject-wise Learning
    • Outcomes to ensure that all children acquire appropriate learning level;
    • Section 23 (2) of the RTE Act has been amended in August 2017, to extend the period of in-service training for untrained elementary teachers to 31st March 2019 to ensure all teachers acquire minimum qualifications as laid down by the academic authority;
    • E-pathshala web portal (http://epathshala.gov.in/) and mobile apps (Android, iOS and Windows) have been launched in November 2015 to disseminate e-resources including e-books developed by NCERT, SCERT/ SIEs, State boards etc;
    • Shaala Siddhi is a comprehensive instrument for school evaluation leading to school improvement, which was launched in November 2015;
    • Kala Utsav programme has been started to promote arts in education by nurturing and showcasing the artistic talent of school students at the secondary stage;
    • An Online Project Monitoring System (PMS), for online management and monitoring of RMSA, has been enabled from August 2014,
    • Distribution of tablets preloaded with relevant e-content in Kendriya Vidyalayas has been started on a pilot basis to connect students and their teachers for effective learning; Also, 93 Kendriya Vidyalayas (KVs) have been started during last 3 years and 62 new Navodaya Vidyalas have been sanctioned.
    • Automated Monitoring System at the school level under Mid Day Meal Scheme has been introduced for real-time monitoring of the scheme.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    3. The Government of India has been implementing a Scheme for Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation of Militants in the North-East. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The objective of the Scheme is to wean away the misguided youth who have strayed into the fold of militancy and bring them to the mainstream.
    2. The Surrender Scheme has been modified to be more effective and will be effective from 1st April 2018 under which the surrenderees will be paid monthly stipend not exceeding Rs. 6,000/- p.m., for a period of 36 months and an immediate grant of Rs. 4 lakhs will be kept in a bank, in the name of each surrenderee as fixed deposit for a period of 3 years.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The Government of India has been implementing a Scheme for Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation of Militants in the North-East. The objective of the Scheme is to wean away the misguided youth who have strayed into the fold of militancy and bring them to the mainstream. Surrenderees are paid monthly stipend not exceeding Rs. 3,500/- p.m., for a period, not more than 36 months and an immediate grant of Rs. 1.5 lakh is kept in a bank in the name of each surrenderee as fixed deposit for a period of 3 years.  They are also given incentive for surrendered arms/weapons.

    In 2012, a special scheme for Government of Manipur was formulated to encourage militants to surrender and join the mainstream.  The scheme was effective from 1 December 2012 for 3 years and lapsed on 30.11.2015. The special features of this scheme were:

    i. An immediate grant of Rs.2.50 lakh to be kept in a bank in the name of surrenderee as fixed deposit for a period of three years.

    ii. Monthly stipend of Rs.4000/- p.m. for a maximum period of 36 months.

    The Surrender Scheme has been modified to be more effective and will be effective from 1st April 2018. According to the revised scheme, the surrenderees will be paid monthly stipend not exceeding Rs. 6,000/- p.m., for a period of 36 months and an immediate grant of Rs. 4 lakhs will be kept in a bank, in the name of each surrenderee as fixed deposit for a period of 3 years.  The incentive for surrendered weapons has also been revised.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    4. Which global technology company was fined Rs. 136 Crore by the Competition Commission of India (CCI) for unfair business practices in India?
    a. Google
    b. Facebook
    c. Microsoft
    d. Apple

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Competition Commission of India (CCI) on February 7, 2018, imposed a fine of Rs 136 crore on internet search giant Google for unfair business practices in the Indian market.

    The CCI took the decision for ‘infringing anti-trust conduct’ on the basis of the complaints filed in 2012 by Matrimony.com and Consumer Unity & Trust Society (CUTS) against Google LLC, Google India Pvt Ltd and Google Ireland Ltd.

    In the complaints filed, it was alleged that Google is indulging in abuse of dominant position in the market for online search through practices leading to search bias and search manipulation.

    While the majority order is by CCI chairperson D K Sikri and three members, two other members have issued a dissenting order saying that they don't find Google in violation of Section 4 of the Competition Act, which pertains to abuse of dominant position.

    The imposed fine of Rs 135.86 crore translates to 5 percent of the company's average total revenue generated from its India operations between 2013 and 2015.

    Globally, this is one of the rare cases where Google has been penalised for unfair business ways, even as it has been under probe in several countries.

    About Competition Commission of India

    • It is a statutory body established under the Competition Act, 2002 to prevent activities that have an appreciable adverse effect on the competition in India.

    • The body was established on October 14, 2003, and it became fully functional in May 2009.

    • It comprises of one chairperson and six members, all of whom are appointed by the Union Government.

    • The main objective of the Commission is to eliminate practices that have an adverse effect on competition, promote and sustain competition, protect the interests of consumers and ensure freedom of trade in the markets of India.

    • The CCI is also required to give an opinion on competition issues on a reference received from a statutory authority established under any law and to undertake competition advocacy, create public awareness and impart training on competition issues.

    5. Consider the following statements related to the first Khelo India School Games (KISG), which were concluded recently.
    1. Haryana was the overall champion with 111 medals.
    2. The games were held in Chandigarh.
    3. Under-17 athletes took participation across 16 disciplines.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 and 2 only
    b. 2 and 3 only
    c. 1 and 3 only
    d. All of them

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    The first edition of the Khelo India School Games (KISG), which are a part of the Khelo India programme, were conducted from 31st January to 8th February 2018 in New Delhi. Under-17 athletes took participation across 16 disciplines like Archery, Athletics, Badminton, Basketball, Boxing, Football, Gymnastics, Hockey, Judo, etc. While Haryana emerged as the overall champion with 102 medals overall, including 38 gold, Maharashtra was at the second position with 36 gold and overall 111 medals.

    KISG was organised as a part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's ambitious vision to make sports more popular across the country and also to make India a strong contender at the Olympic level.

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