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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 27 February 2018

Feb 27, 2018 14:56 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 27 February 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 27 February 2018

    Current affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018 given in this write-up will help IAS aspirants to cover important topics of recent time and we are continuously providing such questions for IAS Exam on daily basis. The IAS aspirants should practice such questions the IAS Prelims Exam 2018 which is to be held on 3 June 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    The given questions for IAS Exam follow the pattern of UPSC IAS Exam. The most important topics of recent time have been picked which are also important for UPSC IAS Mains Exam as well as for the various State PCS Exams.

    1. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has conducted detailed pre-feasibility studies for setting up Intermodal Stations at Nagpur and Varanasi, and the development of DPRs for this is in final stages of completion. Consider the following statements regarding this: IAS Topper Aditya Ranjan Prelims Strategy

    1. Intermodal Stations are terminal infrastructure which integrates various transportation modes like rail, road, mass rapid transit system, bus rapid transit, inland waterways, auto-rickshaws, taxis and private vehicles etc, so that people can move from one mode to another seamlessly, with minimum use of automobiles.
    2. IMS will also aid in city decongestion by encouraging the use of public transportation and by effectively using ring roads and National Highways for entry and evacuation of inter-city bus traffic.
    3. The implementation and operation of the IMS will be done by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) between Ministry of Road Transport & Highways through National Highways Authority of India, Ministry of Railways and respective State Governments.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has conducted detailed pre-feasibility studies for setting up Intermodal Stations at Nagpur and Varanasi, and the development of DPRs for this is in final stages of completion. Fifteen cities across the country have been prioritized for development of IMS of which Nagpur and Varanasi have been selected as pilot projects.

    Intermodal Stations are terminal infrastructure which integrates various transportation modes like rail, road, mass rapid transit system, bus rapid transit, inland waterways, auto-rickshaws, taxis and private vehicles etc, so that people can move from one mode to another seamlessly, with minimum use of automobiles. In most cities today, transport hubs like bus terminals, railway stations and others are located far from each other, so inter-modal transfers create pressure on the already congested roads. By bringing the different transport modes at one point, IMS will reduce congestion on roads and also vehicular pollution. IMS will also aid in city decongestion by encouraging the use of public transportation and by effectively using ring roads and National Highways for entry and evacuation of inter-city bus traffic.

     

    2. Recently, India congratulated China on its election as vice-president of Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF). Against this backdrop, consider the following statements related to FATF:

    1. It is an inter-governmental body established in 1989.
    2. It seeks to set in place operational measures for combating money laundering and terrorist financing.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    On February 25, 2018, India congratulated China on its election as vice-president of the global money-laundering watchdog, the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF). China’s elevation took place at a plenary session of the FATF at its headquarters in Paris, France. Argentina assumed the presidency of the FATF in July 2017 and its term ends in June 2018.

    At present, there are 37 members in the FATF. In 2006, India joined as an observer in the grouping and became its member in 2010.

    About FATF

    The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 by the Ministers of its Member jurisdictions. The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system. The FATF is, therefore, a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas.

    The FATF has developed a series of Recommendations that are recognised as the international standard for combating of money laundering and the financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. They form the basis for a coordinated response to these threats to the integrity of the financial system and help ensure a level playing field. First issued in 1990, the FATF Recommendations were revised in 1996, 2001, and 2003 and most recently in 2012 to ensure that they remain up to date and relevant, and they are intended to be of universal application.

    The FATF monitors the progress of its members in implementing necessary measures, reviews money laundering and terrorist financing techniques and counter-measures, and promotes the adoption and implementation of appropriate measures globally. In collaboration with other international stakeholders, the FATF works to identify national-level vulnerabilities with the aim of protecting the international financial system from misuse.

    The FATF's decision-making body, the FATF Plenary, meets three times per year.

    3. Recently, Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu gives away the Prime Minister’s Shram Awards to the employees of:
    a. Public Sector Undertakings under the Central Government
    b. Public Sector Undertakings under the State Government
    c. Private Sector Units with 500 or more workers
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Awardees are employed in Public Sector Undertakings of the Central and State Government and Private Sector Units with 500 or more workers. These awards are given in recognition to those who have distinguished record of performance, demonstrated devotion towards duty of a high order, specific contribution in the field of productivity, safety, quality, proven innovative abilities, conservation of resources, the presence of mind and exceptional courage. The awards are also given to those workmen, who have risked their lives or made supreme sacrifice of laying down their lives in the conscientious discharge of their duties.

    Public Sector workers bagged 232 Awards while 106 Awards were bagged by Private Sector. Awards were also bagged by a group of workmen together. Out of 338 Awardees, twenty were Women and two were posthumously awarded.

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    3. The Union Government signed an $84 million loan agreement with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on February 23, 2018, to improve and expand the water supply in Bhagalpur and Gaya towns of Bihar. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The tranche-2 loan is a part of the $200 million multi-tranche financing facility (MFF) for the Bihar Urban Development Investment Program that was approved by ADB in 2012 to provide sustainable urban infrastructure and services in four towns of Bihar – Bhagalpur, Gaya, Darbhanga and Muzaffarpur.
    2. It will also promote better water management practices that will result in a citywide coverage with a 24-hour uninterrupted supply of treated water of 135 litres per capita per day in both cities.
    3. The loan will support civil works subprojects and is expected to benefit 1.1 million people in the two project towns with increased coverage of treated water supply by 2021.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Union Government signed an $84 million loan agreement with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on February 23, 2018, to improve and expand the water supply in Bhagalpur and Gaya towns of Bihar.

    The loan agreement was signed by Sameer Kumar Khare, Joint Secretary (Multilateral Institutions), Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, for Government of India and Kenichi Yokoyama, Country Director of ADB’s India Resident Mission for ADB and Vipin Kumar, Resident Commissioner on behalf of the state government of Bihar.
    The tranche-2 loan is a part of the $200 million multi-tranche financing facility (MFF) for the Bihar Urban Development Investment Program that was approved by ADB in 2012 to provide sustainable urban infrastructure and services in four towns of Bihar – Bhagalpur, Gaya, Darbhanga and Muzaffarpur.

    IAS Exam 2018: All You Need Know

    5. Consider the following statements related to MILAN 2018 that was in the news recently:
    1. It is a multinational naval exercise.
    2. It is conducted biennially by the Indian Navy at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
    3. The first edition of the exercise was held in 1995.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 and 2 only
    b. 2 and 3 only
    c. 1 and 3 only
    d. All of them

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    MILAN is a congregation of littoral navies conducted biennially by Indian Navy at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Besides fostering co-operation through naval exercises and professional interactions, MILAN also provides an excellent opportunity to the participating navies to come together in a spirit of collaboration and mutual understanding to nurture stronger ties.

    The MILAN 2018 will be conducted in the second week of March 2018 by the Andaman and Nicobar Command hosting a multinational mega event. With the underlying theme of 'Friendship Across the Seas', MILAN 2018 will witness a diverse mix of professional exercises and seminars, social events and sporting fixtures. In this exercise, India and 23 other countries will participate. Some of the participating countries are Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, Australia and Tanzania.

    MILAN made modest beginnings more than two decades ago when it was first held in 1995. The first edition saw the participation of four littoral navies. From an event of sub-regional context, MILAN has now grown into a prestigious international event and encompasses participation by maritime forces from not just the Bay of Bengal and South East Asia but the larger Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

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