To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.
To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.
1. Which country was India’s top crude oil supplier for the period between April 2017 and January 2018?
d) Saudi Arabia
Iraq has become India’s top crude oil supplier for the period between April 2017 and January 2018. Iraq supplied 38.9 million tonnes (MT) of oil in the period, while Saudi Arabia, the second largest supplier to India, exported MT of crude oil to our country.
Overall, India imported 184.4 MT of crude oil between April 2017 and January 2018 as compared to 213.9 MT in the entire 2016-17 FY, and 202.8 MT in 2015-16.
India meets 80% of its oil needs from imports. And, the majority of these imports are from the Middle East. India’s dependence on the Middle East for its crude oil needs has increased from 58% in 2014-15 to 63.7% in the April-January period of this fiscal.
2. Recently, which country declared nation-wide emergency to control communal violence?
a) Sri Lanka
On 6 March 2018, the Government of Sri Lanka declared a nation-wide emergency for a period of 10 days to control the law and order situation following the outbreak of violence against the minority community in its central district, Kandy.
The decision comes as curfew was re-imposed in two police divisions of Kandy district following clashes between majority Sinhalese Buddhists and minority Muslims. The district has witnessed days of unrest between the two religious communities with a Buddhist man being killed and Muslim businesses set ablaze.
3. As per the United Nations (UN), it is in this country the ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya Muslim population has been continuing even today.
The United Nations stated that the ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar’s Rakhine state continues even today.
The alleged atrocities committed against the members of this minority community by the Myanmar military has been in the talks ever since over 700,000 Rohingyas fled the area to seek refuge in neighbouring nations such as Bangladesh.
According to the Myanmar government, the Rohingyas are illegal immigrants from Bangladesh who were brought to Myanmar by the British as builders and settlers. The Citizenship Law, 1982 of Myanmar recognised eight races and 130 minority groups. However, the law excluded the minority Rohingya Muslims from citizenship.
Later, it passed a second law that limited the Rohingya Muslim residence to two townships in the western state of Rakhine, which borders Bangladesh. It also restricted Rohingyas to have only two children.
4. Recently, PM reviews preparations for launch of Ayushman Bharat. Consider the following statements regarding the Ayushman Bharat:
1) The Ayushman Bharat – the National Health Protection Scheme announced in the recent Union Budget will provide a cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family.
2) It will be targeted to cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families and the beneficiaries will be able to avail cashless benefits across India.
3) Ayushman Bharat will be the world’s largest government funded health care programme.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2
c) 2 and 3
d) 1, 2 and 3
The second flagship programme under Ayushman Bharat is National Health Protection Scheme, which will cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) providing coverage upto 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization. This will be the world’s largest government funded health care programme. Adequate funds will be provided for smooth implementation of this programme.
Health and Wellness Centre and National Health Protection Scheme, the two health sector initiatives under Ayushman Bharat Programme will build a New India 2022 and ensure enhanced productivity, well being and avert wage loss and impoverishment. These Schemes will also generate lakhs of jobs, particularly for women.
5. According to UNICEF, child marriage numbers drop sharply in India which has contributed significantly to a global decline in child marriage. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1) India constitutes more than 20 percent of the world’s adolescent population and accounts for the highest number of child marriages in South Asia given its size and population.
2) In the current trend, 27 percent of girls, or nearly 1.5 million girls, get married before they turn 18 in India which is a shrp decline from 47 percent a decade ago.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
The proportion of girls getting married in India has nearly halved in a decade, the United Nations children’s agency UNICEF said on Tuesday, which has contributed significantly to a global decline in child marriage.
UNICEF said 25 million child marriages were prevented worldwide in the last decade, with the largest reduction seen in South Asia - where India was at the forefront.
“India constitutes more than 20 percent of the world’s adolescent population and accounts for the highest number of child marriages in South Asia given its size and population,” said Javier Aguilar, UNICEF’s chief of child protection.
“In the current trend, 27 percent of girls, or nearly 1.5 million girls, get married before they turn 18 in India. This is a sharp decline from 47 percent a decade ago,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.