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IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 8 March 2018

Mar 8, 2018 15:07 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 6 March 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 6 March 2018

    Current Affairs based questions can help IAS aspirants to gain experience in handling such questions in the IAS prelims exam. In the IAS prelims exam, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be given priority.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    1. Recently, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) approved India’s membership. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements.
    1. The EBRD was established in 1991 to support socialist economies of the Eastern Europe in their transition to market economies.
    2. Suma Chakrabarti, an Indian origin British civil servant, has been the President of the bank since 2012.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Recently, the Board of Governors of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) voted in favour of India’s membership application. With this, India is all set to become the 69th member of the EBRD after the completion of the necessary formalities.

    About European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

    The bank was established in 1991 to support the transition to market economies of socialist economies in Eastern Europe and the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).It is owned by 64 countries, the European Union and the European Investment Bank. Its headquarters is located in London, the UK.

    Suma Chakrabarti, an Indian origin British civil servant, has been the President of the bank since 2012.

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    2. The theme of the International Women's Day 2018 is
    a. Empowering Women, Empowering Humanity: Picture it!
    b. Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality
    c. Women in the Changing World of Work: Planet 50-50 by 2030
    d. Time is Now: Rural and urban activists transforming women’s lives

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    On 8 March 2018, the International Women's Day 2018 was observed across the world with an aim to empower women in all settings, be it rural and urban, and celebrate the activists who are working constantly to assert women’s rights and realize their full potential.

    The theme of International Women’s Day 2018 was 'Time is Now: Rural and urban activists transforming women’s lives'.

    This year, International Women’s Day came in the wake of such exceptional global movements aiming for women’s rights, equality and justice.

    This year's theme also echoed the priority theme of the upcoming 62nd session of the 'UN Commission on the Status of Women'.

    About International Women's Day (IWD)

    The United Nations began celebrating International Women’s Day (IWD) on 8 March during International Women’s Year 1975.

    Two years later in December 1977, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaiming a United Nations Day for Women’s Rights and International Peace to be observed on any day of the year by the Member States, in accordance with their historical and national traditions.

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    3. India's first app-based helitaxi service has been launched in which of the following cities?
    a. Mumbai
    b. Bengaluru
    c. Delhi
    d. Kolkata

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    In a first, India's app-based helitaxi service was launched in Bengaluru on March 6, 2018. The maiden trip of the helitaxi took off from Kempegowda International Airport (KIA) to Electronics City, ferrying passengers in 15 minutes.

    The helitaxi service aims to connect a couple of locations from Kempegowda International Airport in Bengaluru. The one-way trip will fly people approximately in 15 minutes from KIA to Electronic City and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited airport.

    Six passengers can be ferried on each trip and the fare is fixed at Rs 4130 per seat including GST. The service includes pick up from airport terminal to the helipad and allowed to carry 15 kg luggage, however, will charge extra for more luggage.

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    4. Recently, under the “Make in India” action plan 21 key sectors have been identified for specific actions. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. Under "Make in India” action plan, the FDI policy and procedure have been simplified and liberalised progressively.
    2. The key sectors for specific action have been identified under policy initiatives, fiscal incentives, infrastructure creation, ease of doing business, innovation and R&D and skill development.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Under the “Make in India” action plan 21 key sectors have been identified for specific actions under (i) policy initiatives (ii) fiscal incentives (iii) infrastructure creation (iv) ease of doing business (v) innovation and R&D and (vi) skill development.

    Under this, the FDI policy and procedure have been simplified and liberalised progressively. Key sectors have been opened up for FDI: defence manufacturing, food processing, telecom, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, civil aviation, space, private security agencies, railways, insurance and pensions and medical devices.

    In 2015-16, FDI inflow crossed the USD 55 billion mark in one fiscal year, for the first time ever. Total FDI inflow was USD 198.48 billion between April 2014 and October 2017, representing 38% of the cumulative FDI in India since April 2000. In 2016-17, FDI inflow stood at a record of USD 60 billion, highest ever recorded for a fiscal year ever. According to IMF World Economic Outlook (April 2017) and UN World Economic Situation Prospects 2017, India is the fastest growing major economy in the world and is projected to remain so in the year 2018.

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    5. Recently, the Government puts up National Rare Disease Policy in place; allocates Rs 100 crore towards genetic disorders. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. Under the policy, the Central government will contribute 60 percent towards spending on treatment, while state governments will have to bear the remaining 40 percent of the cost.
    2. The government’s effort to improve diagnosis and bring better treatment and care to patients is already in progress, building on existing capabilities.
    3. Approximately 7,000 rare diseases have been identified so far, with about 80 percent of these are genetic in origin and predominantly affect children.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Rare diseases, which are often referred to as orphan diseases, are estimated to have impacted 72-96 million people in India. The Indian government has now put a National Rare Disease Policy in place and Rs 100 crore funds have been allocated towards genetic disorders.

    Under the policy, the Central government will contribute 60 percent towards spending on treatment, while state governments will have to bear the remaining 40 percent of the cost. The government’s effort to improve diagnosis and bring better treatment and care to patients is already in progress, building on existing capabilities.

    Disorders such as Thalassemia, Hemophilia, Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Fragile X, Inborn Errors of Metabolism, and Lysosomal Storage Disorders are just some frequently encountered genetic disorders, informed Dr. Ratna Dua Puri, Senior Consultant, Institute of Genetics and Genomics, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi.

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    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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