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IAS Questions for Prelims: 14 August 2017

Aug 14, 2017 15:19 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 14 August 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 14 August 2017

    Here, we have provided IAS questions based on the current events of national and international importance. Such current affairs based questions will be much helpful for the IAS Prelims Exam 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, the Government has simplified the provisions of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY). Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The government of India has launched the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) with simplified provisions making them more farmers friendly that will provide the farmers maximum financial protection against non-preventable natural risks.
    2. PMFBY with simplified provisions and reduced premium for farmers which have resulted in both increased awareness among farmers and increase in coverage of area and crops.
    3. Under the new scheme, the States are required to give Crop Cutting Experiment (CCE) data to insurance companies within one month of harvest and the companies have to settle the claims within three weeks of receiving the CCE data.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The government of India has launched the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) with simplified provisions making them more farmers friendly.  The scheme provides the farmers maximum financial protection against non-preventable natural risks.

    Simplification of the Scheme

    Following a review of erstwhile crop insurance schemes, PMFBY has been formulated, with simplified provisions and reduced premium for farmers which has resulted in both increased awareness among farmers and increase in coverage of area and crops.

    Reduction in Premium         

    The farmers’ premium has been reduced for all food and oilseed crops and kept at a maximum of 1.5% for Rabi, 2% for Kharif and 5% for annual horticultural/commercial crops.

    Use of Improved Technology

    Under erstwhile crop insurance schemes due to non- adoption of improved technology, there was considerable delay in settlement of claims.  Under the new scheme, the States are required to give Crop Cutting Experiment (CCE) data to insurance companies within one month of harvest and the companies have to settle the claims within three weeks of receiving the CCE data.  Under earlier schemes, estimation of yield data was done without using technology through manual means, due to which there was a huge delay in obtaining CCE data.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    2. CRISPR-Cas9 has been in the news recently, is:
    a. A series of multipurpose geostationary satellites launched by ISRO to satisfy the telecommunications, broadcasting, meteorology, and search and rescue operations.
    b. a system used by bacterial cells to recognise and destroy viral DNA as a form of adaptive immunity.
    c. the world’s smallest satellite launched by NASA.
    d. the world’s smallest satellite launched by ISRO.

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    In a first, researchers from the Oregon Health and Science University along with colleagues in California, China and South Korea repaired a mutation in human embryos by using a gene-editing tool called CRISPR-Cas9.

    CRISPR-Cas9 is a system used by bacterial cells to recognise and destroy viral DNA as a form of adaptive immunity. Using components of the CRISPR system, researchers can remove, add or alter specific DNA sequences in the genome of higher organisms.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    3. A telemedicine project started by an Odisha-based social entrepreneur is slowly going national after the Central government adopted it as a model project two years ago. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. Started in 2009, the unique model that focusses on sustainability involves training of local youth in e-medicine services and enables them to set up e-health centres in government-run primary healthcare centres (PHC), community health centres (CHC) and sub-divisional hospitals.
    2. In 2015, a team of government consultants termed this project as one of the eight “best practices globally”.
    3. While the OTTET plans to cover all 51,000 villages in Odisha, pilot programmes have begun in Gujarat, Jharkhand, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh while four other States are also in line.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    A telemedicine project started by an Odisha-based social entrepreneur is slowly going national after the Central government adopted it as a model project two years ago. Started in 2009, the unique model that focuses on sustainability involves training of local youth in e-medicine services and enables them to set up e-health centres in government-run primary health-care centres (PHC), community health centres (CHC) and sub divisional hospitals. These centres have created job opportunities for over 500 youth in Odisha and reached out to over five lakh patients.

    In 2015, a team of government consultants termed this project as one of the eight “best practices globally”. The World Health Organisation too believes telemedicine to be particularly beneficial for rural and underserved communities in developing countries.

    While the Odisha Trust of Technical Education and Training (OTTET) plans to cover all 51,000 villages in Odisha, pilot programmes have begun in Gujarat, Jharkhand, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh while four other States are also in line. “Telemedicine offers phenomenal opportunities to doctors to reach out to patients.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: May 2017

    4. The emerging dynamics of international diplomacy have meant that India has recently begun to take note of managing the oceans, especially the Indian Ocean, more seriously. Consider the following statements regarding the Indian Ocean Rim Countries Cooperation:
    1. The Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) was established in March 1997 with a mandate to promote sustainable growth and balanced development in the region.
    2. The IORA with 20 member States and six observer States is one of the most important regional platforms to carry forward the interests of member states to cooperate on development in the region.
    3. Historically, IORA focused on issues of maritime security, trade, cultural promotion, tourism and fisheries.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The emerging dynamics of international diplomacy have meant that India has recently begun to take note of managing the oceans, especially the Indian Ocean, more seriously. The participation of close to half-a-dozen cabinet ministers of the central government at an international seminar organised recently in Bhubaneswar, Odisha (International Conference on India and the Indian Ocean Renewing the Maritime Trade and Civilization Linkages 20-22 March 2015) is an indication of this.

    Indian Ocean Rim Countries Cooperation

    The Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) was established in March 1997 with a mandate to promote sustainable growth and balanced development in the region. The IORA with 20 member States and six observer States is one of the most important regional platforms to carry forward the interests of member states to cooperate on development in the region.
    Historically, IORA focused on issues of maritime security, trade, cultural promotion, tourism and fisheries. However, in recent years, new and emerging issues for the better management and governance of Indian Ocean resources have begun taking shape. Such issues include blue economy development and sectoral integration.

    ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

    5. Consider the following statements regarding the blue economy:
    1. In a concept note prepared for Blue Economy, it highlighted that the oceans provide a substantial portion of the global population with food and livelihood, as well as transportation for 80 per cent of global trade.
    2. A consortium of UN agencies in preparation for the World Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio + 20) outlined priorities under the title ‘A Green Economy in Blue World’.

    Which of the following statements is true?
    a. Only 1
    b. 1 and 2
    c. Only 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The economic potential as well as realising the benefits from coastal and marine resources constitutes the focus of blue economy debates and policies.

    A consortium of UN agencies in preparation for the World Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio + 20) outlined priorities under the title ‘A Green Economy in Blue World’. In a concept note prepared on Blue Economy, it highlighted that the oceans provide a substantial portion of the global population with food and livelihood, as well as transportation for 80 per cent of global trade. The seabed currently provides 32 per cent of the global supply of hydrocarbons, with exploration expanding. New technologies are opening frontiers of marine resource development from bio-prospecting to the mining of seabed mineral resources. The sea also offers vast potential for renewable “blue energy” production from the wind, wave, tidal, thermal and biomass sources.

    Seychelles became one of the first countries in the world to create a Department of Blue Economy, with a minister to oversee its role.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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