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IAS Questions for Prelims: 20 November 2017

Nov 20, 2017 19:16 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 20 November 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 20 November 2017

    Current affairs and issues with the latest economic and social structure of the nation form the core part of the IAS exam. In the IAS prelims exam, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be given priority.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    1. Recently, an Interim Meeting of the South Asia Regional Training and Technical Assistance Centre (SARTTAC) was held to review the Fiscal Year 2018 Work Plan. Consider the following statements regarding the SARTTAC:

    1) SARTTAC is the first IMF Regional Capacity Development Centre to fully integrate training and technical assistance activities.
    2) SARTTAC works with Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
    3) Member countries finance two-thirds of the Centre’s Budget, with additional funding from the United Nations.

    Which of the above statements id true?

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Recently, an Interim Meeting of the Steering Committee of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s South Asia Regional Training and Technical Assistance Center (SARTTAC) was held to review the Fiscal Year 2018 Work Plan.

    The South Asia Regional Training and Technical Assistance Center (SARTTAC) is the first IMF Regional Capacity Development Center to fully integrate training and technical assistance activities.

    SARTTAC is located in New Delhi and it works with Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. Member countries finance two-thirds of the Center’s Budget, with additional funding from the European Union, Korea, the United Kingdom, and Australia.

    A global network of Regional Capacity Development Centers anchor IMF support for economic institution building and are complemented by global thematic funds for capacity development. They are financed jointly by the IMF, external development partners, and member countries.

    IAS Questions for Prelims: 15 November 2017

    2. Which commodity’s industrial use was recently banned by the Environment Bench of the Supreme Court in the States of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan in the bid to fight pollution in the Delhi-NCR region?

    a. Plastics
    b. Fire Cracker material
    c. Pet coke and furnace oil
    d. None of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Environment Bench of the Supreme Court had already ordered a ban on the industrial use of pet coke and furnace oil in the States of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan. This ban specifically came after an Environment Pollution Control Authority Report recommended the ban on sale, distribution and use of furnace oil and pet coke in the National Capital Region (NCR).

    Pet coke is an extremely stable fuel which means there is little risk of combustion during transportation, but due to its high carbon content when it does combust it releases up to 10% more CO2 per unit of energy that normal coal. That’s higher than almost any other energy source in existence and makes pet coke a huge contributor to the creation of greenhouse gases.

    3. Consider the following statements regarding the ‘Ek Bharat-Shreshtha Bharat’ Yojana:

    1) The main objective is to celebrate the Unity in Diversity of our Nation and to maintain and strengthen the fabric of traditionally existing emotional bonds between the people of our Country.
    2) Under ‘Ek Bharat-Shreshtha Bharat’ Yojana, Madhya Pradesh has been made partner of Manipur and Nagaland.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The broad objectives of the ‘Ek Bharat-Shreshtha Bharat’ Yojana initiative are as follows:-
    • To celebrate the Unity in Diversity of our Nation and to maintain and strengthen the fabric of traditionally existing emotional bonds between the people of our Country;
    • Promote the spirit of national integration through a deep and structured engagement between all Indian States and Union Territories through a year-long planned engagement between States;
    • To showcase the rich heritage and culture, customs and traditions of either State for enabling people to understand and appreciate the diversity that is India, thus fostering a sense of common identity;
    • To establish long-term engagements and to create an environment this promotes learning between States by sharing best practices and experiences.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    4. Recently, Russia hosted the 16th meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) ministers responsible for foreign economic and foreign trade activities. Consider the following statements regarding the SCO:

    1) The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation founded by Kazakhstan, China, the Kyrgyz Republic, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
    2) SCO was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.
    3) India and Pakistan joined SCO as full members in 2017.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic, and security organisation created in 2001 in Shanghai by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. These countries, except for Uzbekistan, had been members of the Shanghai Five group, founded on 26 April 1996 in Shanghai. India and Pakistan joined SCO as full members on 9 June 2017 in Astana, Kazakhstan.

    It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter is the fundamental statutory document which outlines the organisation's goals and principles, as well as its structure and core activities.

    5.Recently, scientists have discovered a new species of parasitic flowering plant and named it as Gleadovia konyakianorum, in honour of which tribe?

    a.The Konyak tribe of Nagas
    b.The Gonds of Chattisgarh
    c.The Andaman tribes
    d.All of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Scientists have discovered a new species of parasitic flowering plant that has no chlorophyll and survives by feeding on another species of plant. The species, named Gleadovia konyakianorum, in honour of the Konyak tribe of Nagas, was identified during a botanical exploration near Tobu town of Mon district in eastern Nagaland.

    It is a holoparasite [complete parasite] that derives its entire nutritional requirement from the host plant. The plant was found in the semi-evergreen forest at an altitude of 1,500-1,600 metres.

    Though it has no chlorophyll, the plant has a vascular system and extracts its nutrition from the host plant with the help of a haustorium. A haustorium is a specialised structure with which plant parasites attach themselves to the tissue of host plants and derive nutrition.

    IAS Questions- 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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