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IAS Questions for Prelims: 26 July 2017

Jul 26, 2017 12:23 IST
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IAS Questions for Prelims 26 July 2017
IAS Questions for Prelims 26 July 2017

IAS questions for Prelims Exam given in this article will be very useful for the upcoming IAS Prelims Exam 2018. The IAS aspirant must practice such questions on daily basis and it will help IAS aspirants to enhance their scoring efficiency throughout the various stages of IAS Exam.

IAS Prelims Exam Guide

1. Recently, NITI Aayog has conducted an evaluation study on ‘Nai Roshni’- the scheme for Leadership Development of Minority Women in 2015-16 and prepared a report in June 2016. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. The main objective of the study was to assess the impact of the scheme on minority women and to identify policy/ programme impediments in implementation of the scheme.
2. The main objective of the study was to assess the impact of the scheme on minority women and to identify policy/ programme impediments in implementation of the scheme.
3. According to NITI Aayog, majority of the findings of the study indicate that the programme has been appreciated by most of the segments of the population of the society and it has assisted in creating confidence among minority women and developing leadership spirit in them.

Which of the following above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: d

Explanation:

NITI Aayog has conducted an evaluation study on ‘Nai Roshni’- the scheme for Leadership Development of Minority Women in 2015-16 and prepared a report in June 2016. The main objective of the study was to assess the impact of the scheme on minority women and to identify policy/ programme impediments in implementation of the scheme. The study covered 15 Districts, 30 Blocks, 87 Villages and 27 NGOs spread over 8 (eight) states namely Assam, West Bengal, Punjab, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.

According to NITI Aayog, majority of the findings of the study indicate that the programme has been appreciated by most of the segments of the population of the society and it has assisted in creating confidence among minority women and developing leadership spirit in them. Moreover, the trained women are also utilising their enriched knowledge within their surroundings and thereby helping their families as well as neighbours in raising their essential demands and claims from various Government authorities.

Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

2. In order to double the income of Jute farmers, the Government of India had started the Improved Cultivation and Advanced Retting Exercise for Jute (Jute – ICARE) project. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. ICARE was launched in 2015 to popularise/introduce some of the better agronomic practices and recently developed microbial assisted retting among farmers intensively in all the blocks in West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Assam on a pilot basis.
2. The improved agronomic practices include -- line sowing of jute using seed drill to increase yield by 10-15%; weed management in jute by wheel hoeing/nail weeder instead of hand weeding for reducing the cost of weeding; and distribution of quality certified seeds at 50% subsidy.
3. The area covered under the project for 2017 is approximately 70,328 hectares covering 26 Blocks in 6 jute growing states-- an increase of 167% as compared to 2016.

Which of the following above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: b

Explanation:

Improved Cultivation and Advanced Retting Exercise for Jute (Jute – ICARE) was launched in 2015 to popularise/introduce some of the better agronomic practices and recently developed microbial assisted retting among farmers intensively in a few blocks in West Bengal and Assam on a pilot basis. The improved agronomic practices include -- line sowing of jute using seed drill to increase yield by 10-15%; weed management in jute by wheel hoeing/nail weeder instead of hand weeding for reducing the cost of weeding; and distribution of quality certified seeds at 50% subsidy.

Central Research Institute for Research in Jute and Allied Fibres (CRIJAF) developed a microbial consortium called SONA, to enhance the quantity of fibre yield by 20% as well as its quality in terms of grade by at least 1 ½ grades. Also, under the project, regular SMSs are sent in regional languages on improved practices in jute cultivation, to registered farmers. On an average over 50 SMSs are sent to each farmer at various intervals during the project. Supply of Seed drills and Nail weeders is undertaken for demonstration purpose.
As a result of these interventions, the earnings of jute farmers have increased by more than Rs.10000 per hectare.

Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: May 2017

3. The Ministry of Minority Affairs formulated “Hamari Dharohar” scheme for preservation of rich heritage and culture of minority communities of India in 2014-15. Consider the following statements regarding the Hamari Dharohar Scheme:
1. The scheme aims to support curation of iconic exhibitions, calligraphy, research and development, etc.
2. Under this scheme, the funding is project based and not the State/District-wise.

Which of the following statements is true?
a. Only 1
b. 1 and 2
c. Only 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: b

Explanation:

The Ministry of Minority Affairs formulated “Hamari Dharohar” scheme for preservation of rich heritage and culture of minority communities of India in 2014-15. The scheme aims to support curation of iconic exhibitions, calligraphy, research and development, etc. Under this scheme, the funding is project based and not the State/District-wise. The following two important projects have been undertaken so far under the scheme:

• An iconic exhibition of Parsis (Zoroastrians) i.e. “The Everlasting Flame” to showcase the civilisation and culture of the Parsis (Zoroastrians) was organised during March-May, 2016. This involved curating 3 travelling exhibitions on Parsi Culture namely- ‘The Everlasting Flame’; ‘Threads of Continuity’; and ‘Painted Encounters’, Parsi Traders and Community & No Parsi is an island’, at the National Museum (NM), National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) and Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts (IGNCA) at New Delhi. A total of Rs. 18.72 Crore was spent.

• A project has been allocated to Dairatul Maarifil Osmania (an institution established in 1888 AD) under Osmania University, Telangana, for translation of 240 invaluable documents belonging to Medieval period on the subjects of Medicines, Mathematics, Literature, etc. from the Arabic language to English, digitisation and re-printing. The project implementation has already started and the state Government of Telangana is monitoring the same. A total of Rs. 2.77 Crore has so far been released for this project.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims 2018- April 2017

4. Recently, the Government has taken measures to control the chronic Anaemia in women. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. In order to prevent anaemia among women and children, National Iron Plus Initiative (NIPI) has been launched in 2013, a flagship scheme under the National Health Mission based on the life-cycle approach, under which iron-folic acid supplementation is provided to the vulnerable age groups.
2. The government of India has given directions to the States for identification and tracking of severely anaemic cases at all the sub centres and PHCs for their timely management.
3. To tackle the problem of anaemia due to malaria particularly in pregnant women and children, Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLINs) and Insecticide Treated Bed Nets (ITBNs) are being distributed in endemic areas.

Which of the following above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: d

Explanation:

According to National Family Health Survey (NFHS)–IV (2015-16), the prevalence of anaemia among women aged 15 to 49 years is 53%. In order to prevent anaemia among women and children, National Iron Plus Initiative (NIPI) has been launched in 2013, a flagship scheme under the National Health Mission based on the life-cycle approach, under which iron-folic acid supplementation is provided to the vulnerable age groups. It includes Pregnant and lactating women and Women in reproductive age (WRA) group.

Measures were taken by Government to ensure optimum nutritional requirements for women are:

• Universal screening of pregnant women for anaemia is a part of ante-natal care and all pregnant women are to be provided iron and folic acid tablets during their ante-natal and post natal visits through the existing network of sub-centres and primary health centres and other health facilities as well as through outreach activities at Village Health & Nutrition Days (VHNDs) and also through the ASHAs. After the first trimester of pregnancy, every pregnant woman during ANC is to be given iron and folic acid (IFA) tablets for six months, and six months post-partum. Pregnant women, who are found to be clinically anaemic, are to be given double the dose of IFA.

• The government of India has given directions to the States for identification and tracking of severely anaemic cases at all the sub centres and PHCs for their timely management.

• Health and nutrition education to promote dietary diversification, the inclusion of iron foliate rich food as well as food items that promote iron absorption.

• To address anaemia due to worm infestation, deworming of pregnant women is done after the first trimester preferably in the second trimester of pregnancy.

• To tackle the problem of anaemia due to malaria particularly in pregnant women and children, Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLINs) and Insecticide Treated Bed Nets (ITBNs) are being distributed in endemic areas.

ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

5. Consider the following statements regarding the payment banks in India:
1. Payments bank comes under a differentiated bank licence since it cannot offer all the services that a commercial bank offers.
2. It can take deposits up to ₹1 crore per account and it can issue both debit cards and credit cards.
3. The main objective of a payments bank is to further financial inclusion by providing small savings accounts and payments/remittance services to migrant labour workforce, low-income households, small businesses and other unorganised sector entities.

Which of the following above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: c

Explanation:

There are two kinds of banking licences that are granted by the Reserve Bank of India - universal bank licence and differentiated bank licence. Payments bank comes under a differentiated bank licence since it cannot offer all the services that a commercial bank offers. In particular, a payments bank cannot lend. It can take deposits up to ₹1 lakh per account and it can issue debit cards but not credit cards. Commercial banks in India like State Bank of India or ICICI Bank, do not have any such restrictions.

The main objective is to further financial inclusion by providing small savings accounts and payments/remittance services to migrant labour workforce, low-income households, small businesses and other unorganised sector entities.

Out of the 11 entities that received an in-principle licence for opening payments bank, 7 entities received the final licence. Four payments banks have started operations — Airtel Payments Bank, India Post Payments Bank, Paytm Payments Bank and Fino Payments Bank.

Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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