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IAS Questions for Prelims: 30 October 2017

Oct 30, 2017 13:04 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 30 October 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 30 October 2017

    The UPSC IAS aspirants must practice the IAS questions given in this article and that we are also providing on daily basis. Such IAS questions cover the ongoing important issues of national and international importance are quite relevant for IAS Prelims Exam 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. The First International Consumer Protection Conference on “Empowering consumers in new markets” for the South, South East and East Asian Countries was held on 26 to 27 October 2017 in 1. New Delhi. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The comprehensive implementation of the United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection is a priority for Governments and stakeholders in ensuring more effective and better-coordinated protection efforts in all countries and across all areas of commerce.
    2. The protection of consumers’ rights in the digital context is important for a sustainable and inclusive development of e-commerce, which also needs to address cross-border cooperation and enforcement.
    3. Consumer education is paramount to maximize consumer empowerment, needing new and innovative ways to reach and enhance consumers’ knowledge of their rights and obligations in the marketplace.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The First International Consumer Protection Conference on “Empowering consumers in new markets” for the South, South East and East Asian Countries was held on 26 to 27 October 2017 in New Delhi.

    The comprehensive implementation of the United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection is a priority for Governments and stakeholders in ensuring more effective and better-coordinated protection efforts in all countries and across all areas of commerce. Wide stakeholder participation and engagement of consumer associations, businesses, and the academia is necessary for a successful consumer policy-making and enforcement. The protection of consumers’ rights in the digital context is important for a sustainable and inclusive development of e-commerce, which also needs to address cross-border cooperation and enforcement.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. Recently, the Government of India signed a $65.5 million loan agreement with which of the following international organisation to support the coastal protection in Karnataka?
    a. Asian Development Bank
    b. New Development Bank
    c. IBRD
    d. WEF

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed a $65.5 million loan agreement yesterday here in the national capital to continue interventions to check coastal erosion on the Western Coast in Karnataka. The loan is the Second Tranche of a $250 million financing facility under the Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program. The financing will be used to address the immediate coastal protection needs and for strengthening the institutional capacity of Karnataka’s Public Works, Ports and Inland Water Transport Department.

    Karnataka’s coast supports the state’s major economic sectors, which include fisheries, agriculture, tourism, ports and other major transport and communication sectors. Coastal erosion in the state, where the project is focused, poses a high risk to human well-being, economic development, and ecological integrity through loss of land, infrastructure, and business opportunities. Under increasing threat from climate change impacts, coastal protection and management have evolved as a major challenge to development. Effective and sustainable management of the shoreline is thus vital to sustainable economic and social development of the coastal regions in the state. The Second Tranche Loan from ADB’s ordinary capital resources has a 20-year term. The State of Karnataka, acting through its Department of Public Works is responsible for implementation of the overall program, which is due for completion by September 2020.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. Recently, the French Minister for the Armed Forces was on a visit to India 26-28 October 2017. India and France to strengthen bilateral defence cooperation as a Key Pillar of their strategic partnership. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1. A range of measures to expand military to military ties, including enhancing the scope of their joint exercises, in particular, the VARUNA naval exercise scheduled in early 2018, was agreed upon.
    2. Both countries will also actively explore additional measures to facilitate operational level interactions between their respective armed forces.
    3. They agreed to strongly support projects for defence manufacturing under the Make in India initiative as well as promote defence technology and R&D cooperation.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman received the French Minister for the Armed Forces, Ms Florence Parly, in South Block today. Minister Party is visiting India from 26-28 October 2017 on her first official visit as the French Minister for the Armed Forces. The Ministers reviewed ongoing initiatives to further strengthen bilateral defence cooperation as a key pillar of the strategic partnership between India and France. They also discussed regional and international developments of mutual interest.

    A range of measures to expand military to military ties, including enhancing the scope of their joint exercises, in particular, the VARUNA naval exercise scheduled in early 2018, was agreed upon. Both countries will also actively explore additional measures to facilitate operational level interactions between their respective armed forces. The Ministers reiterated their strong intention to further expand bilateral cooperation on counter-terrorism. Recognising the growing significance of maritime security in the Indo-Pacific and the need for greater maritime domain awareness, India and France will further expand information sharing arrangements building upon the Technical Arrangement on Exchange of White Shipping information signed earlier this year.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. Recently, the Union Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley has launched the mandatory use of Public Finance Management System (PFMS) for all Central Sector Schemes. Consider the following statements regarding PFMS:
    1. The mandatory use of Public Finance Management System (PFMS) for all the Central Sector Schemes of the Government of India would help in tracking and monitor the flow of funds to the implementing agencies.
    2. The Scheme aims at promoting transparency and bringing about tangible improvements in the overall Central Government Financial Management as well as the implementation of various Central Government Schemes across the country.
    3. The ambit of PFMS coverage includes Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes as well as other expenditures including the Finance Commission Grants.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The PFMS Scheme has been rolled-out by the Controller General of Accounts (CGA) at the behest of Finance Ministry, Department of Expenditure as a cherished Public Finance Management (PFM) reform in the country. The Scheme aims at promoting transparency and bringing about tangible improvements in the overall Central Government Financial Management as well as the implementation of various Central Government Schemes across the country. The ambit of PFMS coverage includes Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes as well as other expenditures including the Finance Commission Grants.

    Considering the diversity and multiplicity of channels through which money is spent/transferred (including through Direct Benefit Transfer), the PFMS is designed to serve the pertinent need of establishing a common electronic platform for complete tracking of fund flows from the Central Government to large number of programme implementing agencies, both under Central Government and the State Governments till it reaches the final intended beneficiaries. PFMS thereby enables real-time monitoring of disbursements and utilization of funds which in turn provides a sound Decision Support System across Ministries and Departments of Government of India as well as all the State and UT Governments.

    Funds under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes flow almost entirely to the State Government treasuries and a substantial part of the funds under the Central Sector Schemes are also spent in the States through various Central Government agencies. The improvements brought-out in the Management of Public Funds through PFMS, it was stated, will have a cascading beneficial impact on the management of State Government Public Finances as well as efficient delivery of Public Services by the States. PFMS, therefore, reflects the true spirit of Co-Operative Federalism with the Centre and the State Governments combining their efforts to improve Public Finance Management for ultimate public good. The mandatory PFMS on-boarding for the remaining Schemes and Programmes including the Centrally Sponsored Schemes is also targeted to be achieved in a phased manner.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. Recently, India ships wheat to Afghanistan via Chabahar port. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The recent consignment of wheat is the first of six shipments to be sent to Afghanistan over the next few months via Iran.
    2. The Chabahar port will help ramp up trade between India, Afghanistan and Iran in the wake of Pakistan denying transit facilities.

    Which of the above statements is true?
    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The shipment of wheat is a landmark moment as it will pave the way for operationalisation of the Chabahar port as an alternative, reliable and robust connectivity for Afghanistan. It will open up new opportunities for trade and transit from and to Afghanistan and enhance trade and commerce between the three countries (India, Iran and Afghanistan) and the wider region.

    The consignment was flagged off by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and her Afghan counterpart Salahuddin Rabbani through a joint video conference. The statement said Sunday’s transfer was part of India’s commitment to send 1.1 million tonnes of wheat to Afghanistan on a grant basis. It pledged that Kabul will receive the entire amount in six different instalments over the coming months. The move is significant as it indicates India remains firm in delivering on its regional commitment through a partnership with Iran, despite Tehran’s ongoing tension with the United States.

    The move also indicates that Chahbahar that India has been developing for some years, will soon be fully operational. India had earlier sent goods through the Iranian port of Bandar Abbas in 2003 as Pakistan had not eased land access to Afghanistan.

    IAS Questions- 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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