Current events should be read concurrently with the academic subjects like economics, Indian polity and Indian History. During IAS prelims preparation, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs becomes an indispensable activity.
Here, we have provided some important mock questions on the latest happenings that affect the country. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.
1. Consider the following statements regarding the Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS):
1) The Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS) is an SIDBI mandated system.
2) It will offer integrated and interoperable bill payment services to customers through a network of agents or online, allowing multiple payment modes and provides instant confirmation.
3) National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) will function as the authorised Bharat Bill Payment Central Unit (BBPCU).
Which of the above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3
The Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS) is a RBI mandated system which will offer integrated and interoperable bill payment services to customers across geographies with certainty, reliability and safety of transactions.
It offers bill payment services to customers through a network of agents or online, allowing multiple payment modes and provides instant confirmation. It will facilitate a less cash society through migration of bill payments from cash to electronic channel.
National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) will function as the authorised Bharat Bill Payment Central Unit (BBPCU), which will be responsible for setting business standards, rules and procedures for technical and business requirements for all the participants.
NPCI, as the BBPCU, will also undertake clearing and settlement activities related to transactions routed through BBPS. Existing bill aggregators and banks are envisaged to work as Operating Units to provide an interoperable bill payment system irrespective of which unit has on-boarded a particular biller. Payments may be made through the BBPS using cash, transfer cheques, and electronic modes.
2. Consider the following statements regarding the features of Muntra, recently seen in the news?
1) Muntra is India’s first unmanned tank.
2) DRDO has developed it for surveillance, mine detection and reconnaissance in areas with nuclear and bio threats.
Which of the above statement is true?
a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed Muntra, an unmanned, remotely operated tank which has three variants that are the surveillance, mine detection and reconnaissance in areas with nuclear and bio threats. The paramilitary has expressed interest in using them in Naxal-hit areas.
Muntra-S is the country's first tracked unmanned ground vehicle developed for unmanned surveillance missions while Muntra-M is for detecting mines and Muntra-N is for operation in areas where there is a nuclear radiation or bio weapon risk.
The two remotely operated vehicles designed like an armoured tank were on display at an exhibition - Science for Soldiers - organised by DRDO as a tribute to former President APJ Abdul Kalam.
The vehicle has been tested and validated under dusty desert conditions where temperatures touched 52 Celsius. It has surveillance radar, an integrated camera along with laser range finder which can be used to spy on ground target 15km away - may be crawling men or heavy vehicles.
3. India has nominated a total of five direct access entities for accreditation by the Green Climate Fund (GCF). Which of the following entities is the first entity from India to be accredited as Direct Access Entity (DAE)?
a. National Bank For Agriculture And Rural Development(NABARD)
b. Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)
c. IDFC Bank and YES Bank
d. All of the above
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is one of the operating entities under financial mechanism set up under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to provide support to developing countries in combating climate change, with resources to be generated from funding by developed country Parties and various other public and private sources. It supports both climate change adaptation and mitigation projects in developing countries.
So far, one project from India on “Installation of Ground Water Recharge System” in Odisha has recently been approved by the GCF for $34 million. Another proposal on coastal areas has already been submitted to the GCF Secretariat and several more projects are in the pipeline.
India has nominated a total of five direct access entities for accreditation by the GCF. Out of five two are from the public sector and three from the private sector for accreditation by the GCF. The public sector entities are NABARD and Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI). The private sector entities nominated are YES Bank, IDFC Bank and IL&FS Environmental Services. So far, NABARD and SIDBI have been accredited by the GCF.
NABARD is the first entity from India to be accredited as Direct Access Entity (DAE). The signing of AMA between GCF and NABARD is an essential first step for accessing the GCF resources to help safeguard the lives, property and livelihoods of millions of people against climate change impact.
4. Recently, the ministry for women and child development has put out in the public domain a “concept note” on issues related to civil aspects of International Child Removal. Consider the following statements regarding the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction:
1) Hague Abduction Convention is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
2) It provides an expeditious method to return a child internationally abducted by a parent from one member country to another.
3) The Convention applies only to children under the age of 18.
Which of the following statements is true?
a. 1 and 3
b. 1 and 2
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3
The ministry for women and child development has put out in the public domain a "concept note" on issues related to civil aspects of International Child Removal. A multi member committee led Chairmanship Justice Rajesh Bindal, Judge Punjab and Haryana High Court was set-up to study all aspects of the matter pertaining to Hague Convention on Child Abduction in detail and make its recommendation.
The report once ready will steer further deliberations of the WCD ministry to recommend to the government of India on whether India should ratify the Hague convention and if it does how to ensure that the rights of the parents and child are not compromised in any way.
The Ministry pointed that with the rise in trans-national marriages and complexities involved in modern day relationships; the protection of rights of parents and children involved is a critical issue of National and International importance.
The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or Hague Abduction Convention is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) that provides an expeditious method for returning a child internationally abducted by a parent from one member country to another.
The Convention has concluded 25 October 1980 and entered into force between the signatories on 1 December 1983. The Convention was drafted to ensure the prompt return of children who have been abducted from their country of habitual residence or wrongfully retained in a contracting state not their country of habitual residence.
The primary intention of the Convention is to preserve whatever status quo child custody arrangement existed immediately before an alleged wrongful removal or retention thereby deterring a parent from crossing international boundaries in search of a more sympathetic court. The Convention applies only to children under the age of 16.
5. What has been identified as a potential new gas source for China in the South China Sea?
a. Shale gas for tar sand on the shores of South China Sea
b. Deep Sea drilling has discovered new reserves in the South China Sea
c. Natural gas from methane hydrate, also known as "flammable ice"
d. All of the above
China has successfully produced natural gas from methane hydrate, also known as "flammable ice", in an experimental project in the South China Sea. A drilling platform deployed off the coast of the southeastern Chinese city of Zhuhai for 60 days produced a total of 309,000 cubic metres of natural gas, a record extraction volume from gas hydrate.
After nearly 20 years of unremitting efforts, China has achieved theoretical, technological, engineering and equipment innovations and has made a historic breakthrough. Flammable ice consists of methane trapped within water crystals, and has been identified as a potential new gas source for China, with the South China Sea thought to contain some of the world's most promising deposits.