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IAS Questions for Prelims: 6 September 2017

Sep 6, 2017 14:30 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 6 September 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 6 September 2017

    IAS questions based on recent happenings are very important for IAS preparation. The IAS aspirants will be able to get a momentum during their IAS preparation if they study such IAS questions on regular basis. For the convenience of IAS aspirants, we are continuously providing IAS questions based current affairs of national and international importance.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, NITI Aayog has launched National Nutrition Strategy. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The nutrition strategy envisages a framework wherein the four proximate determinants of nutrition – uptake of health services, food, drinking water & sanitation and income & livelihoods – work together to accelerate the decline of under nutrition in India.
    2. The Nutrition Strategy framework envisages a Kuposhan Mukt Bharat - linked to Swachh Bharat and Swasth Bharat.
    3. Formulated through an extensive consultative process, the Strategy lays down a roadmap for effective action, among both implementers and practitioners, in achieving our nutrition objectives.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The leader of the Green Revolution Dr. M.S Swaminathan and Padma Shri Dr. H Sudarshan, today, launched the National Nutrition Strategy, along with Vice Chairman Dr. Rajiv Kumar and Member Dr. Vinod Paul.

    With a benefit to cost ratio of 16:1 for 40 low and middle-income countries, there is a well-recognized rationale, globally, for investing in Nutrition. The recently published NFHS-4 results reflect some progress, with a decline in the overall levels of under nutrition in both women and children. However, the pace of decline is far below what numerous countries with similar growth trajectories to India have achieved. Moreover, India pays an income penalty of 9% to 10% due to a workforce that was stunted during their childhood.

    To address this and to bring nutrition to the centre-stage of the National DevelopmentAgenda, NITI Aayog has drafted the National Nutrition Strategy. Formulated through an extensive consultative process, the Strategy lays down a roadmap for effective action, among both implementers and practitioners, in achieving our nutrition objectives.

     Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    2. Recently, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched two new contraceptives to expand the basket of contraceptive choices to meet the emerging needs of couples. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. An injectable contraceptive MPA under the ‘Antara’ programme and a contraceptive pill, ‘Chhaya’, in the public health system to expand the basket of contraceptive choices to meet the emerging needs of couples.
    2. The contraceptives are safe and highly effective, the ‘Antara’ injectable being effective for three months and the ‘Chayya’ pill for one week, and will help meet the changing needs of couples and help women plan and space their pregnancies.

    Which of the above statements is true?
    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched two new contraceptives, an injectable contraceptive MPA under the ‘Antara’ programme and a contraceptive pill, ‘Chhaya’, in the public health system to expand the basket of contraceptive choices to meet the emerging needs of couples. The contraceptives, which are available for free in Medical Colleges and District Hospitals at present, have so far been launched in 10 states that include Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Haryana, West Bengal, Odisha, Delhi and Goa. The contraceptives are safe and highly effective, the ‘Antara’ injectable being effective for three months and the ‘Chayya’ pill for one week, and will help meet the changing needs of couples and help women plan and space their pregnancies. Training of healthcare practitioners from all the states has been completed as well, with a pool of state and district level doctors and staff nurses being trained to support the roll-out.

    To help improve the supply and distribution of contraceptives, the Ministry had recently launched a new software, Family Planning Logistics Management Information System (FP-LMIS), designed to provide robust information on the demand and distribution of contraceptives to health facilities and ASHAs.

     Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    3. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched the Mission Parivar Vikas. Consider the following statements regarding the Mission Parivar Vikas:
    1. The key strategic focus of this initiative is on improving access to contraceptives through delivering assured services, ensuring commodity security and accelerating access to high-quality family planning services.
    2. The main objective of the Mission Parivar Vikas family planning initiative is to bring down the Total Fertility Rate to 2.1 by the year 2025.
    3. The mission is being implemented in 146 high focus districts with the highest total fertility rates in the country.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched the Mission Parivar Vikas, a central family planning initiative has also been launched by the Ministry. The key strategic focus of this initiative is on improving access to contraceptives through delivering assured services, ensuring commodity security and accelerating access to high-quality family planning services.

    • The mission is being implemented in 146 high focus districts with the highest total fertility rates in the country. These districts are in the seven high focus, high Total Fertility Rates (TFR) states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Assam, which constitute 44% of the country’s population.

    • The main objective of the Mission Parivar Vikas family planning initiative is to bring down the Total Fertility Rate to 2.1 by the year 2025.

    The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, through its sustained family planning efforts, aims to achieve its goal of increasing modern contraceptive usage and ensure that 74% of the demand for modern contraceptives is satisfied by 2020, with continued emphasis on delivering assured services, generating demand and bridging supply gaps. The Ministry’s focus remains on increasing awareness and demand through a holistic communications campaign that has simultaneously been rolled out across all states of India.

     Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    4. Two different colonies of trap-jaw ants, can open and shut their enormous jaws have been found in which of the following countries?
    a. India
    b. Malaysia
    c. Japan
    d. China

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Two different colonies of trap-jaw ants - found in Malaysia - can open and shut their enormous jaws - which are 1.5 times the size of their heads - at a speed of about 80 kmph. Scientists from the University of Illinois, in the U.S., studied the Mymoteras species and found that they have an extremely fast reactive time of 0.5 millisecond.

    The mandibles open wide - at 280 degrees - and shut with an immense power of 21 Kilowatt/kg. They use a springlike mechanism to facilitate such high-speed attacks.
    These ants have evolved the high-performance; rapid spring-loaded escape behaviour to overcome their physical limitation against bigger predators such as beetles and crickets. The findings were recently published in Journal of Experimental Biology.

     Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: May 2017

    5. Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) has identified 12 indigenous plants for manufacturing natural textile dyes. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. A study by the College of Agriculture (CoA), Vellayani, as part of the Western Ghat Development Programme (WGDP), has identified 12 indigenous plants capable of giving colour to cotton and silk textiles.
    2. The technology for using these plants for the commercial textile industry has been standardised under another research project sponsored by the RKVY (Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana).

    Which of the above statements is true?
    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) has identified 12 indigenous plants for manufacturing natural textile dyes. A study by the College of Agriculture (CoA), Vellayani, as part of the Western Ghat Development Programme (WGDP), has identified 12 indigenous plants capable of giving colour to cotton and silk textiles. This will provide an organic option for dyeing.

    The technology for using these plants for the commercial textile industry has been standardised under another research project sponsored by the RKVY (Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana).

     Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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