Time and again, we have seen that India and Pakistan has had a very difficult time in maintaining diplomatic relations. The partition of 1947, Indo-Pak war of 1971, the war on Kargil, the Kashmir issue has resulted in a difficult and complicated relationship between the two nations. The nations could not erase the scars of the past which is too deep to be erased from the memories of the people. Added to that, Pakistan has never given it’s full support to India in fighting against terrorism. There are lot of differences that needs to be acknowledged between the two nations before thinking of amending it. Here’s a list of differences that provide hindrance to the development of trade relations between the two nations.
Difference in Political Ideologies : India is a democracy while Pakistan follows the military establishment of political ideology. The difference in their political views makes it very difficult to form a constructive negotiation between the two nations. Also, India is a secular country that invites various ethnic groups to co-exist in a nation while Pakistan strictly follows Islam to be the center of religion for the state. These clashes in ideologies between the two nations has an unfavourable impact on trade relations between the two nations.
The massacre of 26/11: The Indian government still wants Pakistan to take a stand against the 26/11 where terrorists from the country killed 173 people and also attacked famous places in Nariman Point,Mumbai, The Taj Mahal hotel. Investigation proved that they were backed by ISI Pakistan, but till today, Pakistan remains silent on the matter which needs it’s immediate attention.
No benefit of trading relations: Instead of choosing Pakistan, India can make trade relations to be better with other neighbouring countries of Asia. China, Japan, Bhutan, Sri-lanka and other neighbouring countries could be of a larger importance to India than Pakistan. Once a proper trade deal is established with these countries, India can probably think of expanding and working on the trade relation with Pakistan. But ideally, it would be best suited for the Indian economy to focus on strengthening relations with other powerful countries of Asia. Pakistan, therefore, has nothing to offer to India which can boost it’s economy.
It would take a lot of time for the wounds of the past to heal. At times, where both the nations are struggling to deal with expanding the economy, it is best suited on maintaining a peaceful distance with each other.
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